Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2020/2021
Scuola Scuola del Design
Docente Marani Pietro Cesare
Cfu 6.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The course provides a historical overview of the evolution of the concept of "museum" in modern and contemporary ages, starting from the mid-eighteenth century to the present day. Previous collections of ecclesiastical, aristocratic, private and scientific-nature world are recalled as fundamental for the birth of the "Museum" institution; gradually, its educational, representative, universalistic and ideological purposes in Europe and in United States; the different types of museums, their relations with the public and their recent transformations, both from a conceptual and architectural point of view.

Risultati di apprendimento attesi

- know and understand the development frame of museum spaces;
- develop a critical sense, observing the recent transformations in the artistic fitting field;
- can gather the changes that have occurred in this sphere and the motivations that produced them.

Argomenti trattati

The evolution of the Museum in the last two centuries is the topic of that monographic course. The meaning, the history, the recent evolution of the Museum will be treated with particular attention to the Italian and European innovations, from the end of XVIII century until the present day, in the age of globalization, through the contributions of the American and Eastern new museums also. But special attention will be given to the Italian innovations. The museum in Italy, mainly thanks to the great museographical lesson of the architects of the Fifties of the last century ( Franco Albini, BBPR Studio, Carlo Scarpa and others ), is therefore the confluence point of many aspects of the architectural and design debates in the last two centuries: the adaptation of historical or industrial buildings into exibition spaces. The most important topics will be indeed: the private collectors at the beginning of modern era ( from the Medici in Florence to the Cardinal Federico Borromeo in Milan, from Settala in Milan to Wallace and John Soane collections in London ); the transformation of historical, royal, religious and aristocratic  palaces into Museums in Europe ( Uffizi, Musei Vaticani, Louvre, Brera  ); the new "public" Museum ( British Museum, London); the "new" architecture for the Museums ( Glypthothek, Munich; Altes Museum, Berlin ecc. ); the National Museums; the didactic Museum and the born of the History of Art ( Bode Museum, Berlin ); the House Museum; private collectors and new museums between Europe and America at the end of XIX century and the beginning of XX century ( women collectors: Potter Palmer, Gertrude Stein; Peggy Guggenheim ); the innovations in architecure in America, F.L. Wright ( Guggenheim Museum, N.Y. ); the revolution in Museums in Paris and the new designers ( Renzo Piano:Beaubourg, Gae Aulenti: Gare d'Orsay ); the Museum as a center of cultural activity ( Los Angeles, Getty; Wien, MuseumQuartier ); new architects and the Museum as independent work of art ( Gehry, Chipperfield, ecc. ); museum and temporary exhibitions; eco-museums, virtual museums, museums and landscape; the Musem today, its tools and laws ( ICOM, italian and european laws ). A basic knowledge of italian is required.    


There are no pre-requisites for attendance.

Modalità di valutazione

The evaluation of the student will be based on his knowledge of the main themes traeted during the course through the lessons, the seminars and eventualli the visits to some of the most important milanese or italian museums ( that can be eventually done by the student even indepentently ), and especially through the study of at least two of the books listed below. The italian students can select one of the suggested two books in italian, while the Victoria Newhouse's book is obligatory for all the students.

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSandra Costa ( a cura di ), L'Italia dei Musei 1860-1960. Collezioni, contesti, casi di studio, Editore: Bononia University Press, Anno edizione: 2018, ISBN: 9788869233562

The book is in italian but with long abstracts of the various essays in english. The down-load from the Publisher website is also possible: www.buponline.com

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaVictoria Newhouse, Towards a New Museum, Editore: The Monacelli Press, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 1885254601

There are many others more recents editions up date of that book.

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaMarani, Pietro C.- Pavoni, Rosanna, Musei. Trasformazioni di un'istituzione dall'età moderna al contemporaneo, Editore: Marsilio, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 978883179014

The book ( third up date edition ) is suggested for italian students or for english speaking people who know italian language. The down-load of the book is possible: www.marsilioeditori.it

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Informatico
Laboratorio Sperimentale
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Totale 50:00 100:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
This program has been designed to be delivered in the presence of people, hoping to overcome the health emergency linked to COVID 19.
In the event of a prolonged health emergency, the timetable could vary, providing for the introduction (in part or in full) of online educational activities.
More detailed information on the methods of provision and access, as well as the indications relating to security protocols and social distancing, will be available on the University and School website. More details on teaching will be communicated by the teachers in the manner provided.
Pietro C. Marani is full Professor of Modern Art History and Museology. He wrote more than three hundred essays and books translated in eight languages.
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
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