Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (474) TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA DELLE TELECOMUNICAZIONI

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054313 - DIGITAL COMMUNICATION I

054312 - DIGITAL COMMUNICATION

Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (476) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

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054312 - DIGITAL COMMUNICATION

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The goal of the course is to make students familiar with concepts of communication and information theory and with their application to the analysis and design of complex telecommunication systems. Moreover, the course provides students with the tools that are needed to understand and apply advanced technologies that are presently used in telecommunication systems. Also, understanding, analyzing and designing optical and radio communication systems is one of the objectives of the course.

The course is finalized to teach students the basics of digital communication as bit rate and symbol rate, bandwidth, filtering of data signals, basics concepts of information theory, modulation and coding. Design of the transmit filter and of the receive filter in practical cases of interest, calculation of the limits of communication in terms of channel capacity, selection of the proper modulation scheme according to the constraints imposed by the system, performance evaluation of modulation and coding schemes are among the goals of the course.

Risultati di apprendimento attesi

Dublin Descriptors

Expected learning outcomes

1 - Knowledge and understanding

Understand the general principles of data transmission in digital communication systems, analyze and understand the requirements associated to a communication system in terms of signal bandwidth, filtering, modulation, coding.

2 - Applying knowledge and understanding

Identify and define at the block-diagram level a proper filtering, modulation and coding scheme for the most common channel models, compute the performance of transmission systems in terms of error probability for the most common channel models.

3 - Making judgements

Judge if a given filtering, modulation and coding scheme is appropriate for a practical radio or optical communication system. Recognize the design space and the degrees of freedom that can be exploited to reach given objectives in terms of performance of filtering, modulation and coding, with specific application to practical radio and optical communication systems.

4 - Communication

Communicate to other engineers with presentations and documents about filtering, modulation and coding schemes using the appropriate mathematical tools as Fourier analysis, probability theory, calculus and matrix algebra. Communicate to non-specialists the requirements, the constraints and the features of communication systems using graphical representation (block diagrams) and writings.

Argomenti trattati

Representation of Signals. Geometric representation of signals, Schwarz inequality, projection onto the signal space, Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization, geometric representation of noise, signal-to-noise ratio, matched filter. Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) detection and Maximum Likelihood detection in memoryless systems, minimum squared distance detection, correlation detection. Baseband equivalent of passband signals.

Limits of Communication. Entropy, equivocation, mutual information. Capacity of the discrete-time channel, capacity of the AWGN channel, capacity of the channel with coloured Gaussian noise, water filling.

Modulation. Nyquist filter. QAM and PSK modulation. Error probability, union bound. Law of 6 dB/bit for PSK, law of 3 dB/bit for QAM, back to the AWGN capacity formula. Modulation based on orthogonal signals, examples, performance evaluation. OFDM, cyclic prefix, frequency domain equalization for OFDM.

Binary Channel Codes. Channel capacity with a power constraint, examples of binary block codes, performance of soft and hard decoding. Generator matrix and parity check matrix, generator polynomial and parity check polynomial. Trellis representation of the code and trellis decoding. Convolutional codes, trellis decoding of convolutional codes, performance of convolutional codes. Concatenated coding.

Codes in the signal space. Multidimensional constellations, lattices, lattice partitions.

Exercise activity. Exercises on performance evaluation of communication systems.

Prerequisiti

Knowledge of Signal Theory: Fourier analysis, filtering, basics of digital signal processing.

Modalità di valutazione

The exam of the first part can be taken in the mid-term session, at the end of October or at the beginning of November, or in any one of the July, September, February sessions. The exam consists in a written part based on numerical exercises, and in an oral part based on the theory and on the written exam. The student will be asked to analyze communication systems in terms of bit rate, symbol rate, bandwidth and filtering requirements, to draw block diagrams of digital communication systems and to explain them by writings and equations, to compute system performance in terms of error probability, to compute other main system physical parameters as energy, signal-to-noise ratio, power.

The written plus oral can assign up to 30/30 points. For the laude, ask to the teacher 30 days before the exam for an optional Simulink project (code plus written report) or for other forms of extra work.