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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2019/2020
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 054647 - INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING A+B
Docente Ricotti Marco Enrico
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare
Didattica innovativa L'insegnamento prevede  2.0  CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
  • Blended Learning & Flipped Classroom

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - BV (352) INGEGNERIA ENERGETICA*AZZZZ054647 - INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING A+B
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (478) NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA NUCLEARE*AZZZZ054648 - INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING B
054647 - INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING A+B
052593 - INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING A

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The course is offered in a 10-CFU version (Introduction to Nuclear Engineering A+B) as well as in a 5-CFU version (Introduction to Nuclear Engineering A), while part B has the pre-requisite of the contents of part A or equivalent. The present detailed program defines aims, educational outcomes and syllabus for each part of the course.

 

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - A (5 ECTS)

The aim of the part A of the course is to provide a fundamental knowledge about the role played by nuclear energy in the World as well as the main features of nuclear engineering for energy applications, by addressing three key aspects: nuclear technology, nuclear fuel and fuel cycle and nuclear economics.

The goal of understanding the importance of nuclear energy will be pursued via an historical approach to its development, up to a general overview of the current status of deployment and relevance of nuclear in the energy share across the World.

The goal of knowing the main features of nuclear for energy applications will be open by a short and simplified introduction to the key physical aspects of fission chain reaction, to pave the way for a suitable understanding of the technology choices addressed in developing nuclear reactors.

The goal will be then pursued by analyzing i) the most adopted nuclear power plant technology (Pressurised Water Reactors - PWR), ii) the key features of its fuel elements and the related fuel cycle (this part will be addressed with a FLIPPED CLASSROOM approach), and iii) the fundamental drivers of nuclear costs in electricity production.

A visit to a nuclear plant facility or nuclear company is planned within Part A.

 

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - B (5 ECTS)

The aim of the part B of the course is to advance and complement the fundamental knowledge about nuclear engineering for energy applications (with respect to part A), by addressing other nuclear power plant technologies, including the new generation reactors (this part will be addressed with a FLIPPED CLASSROOM + MOOC approach), as well as the main features of nuclear safety systems and related thermalhydraulics (this part will be addressed with a design project – working groups approach).

The goal will be pursued by analyzing the main technological features of the gas cooled, graphite moderated reactors (GCRs), the boiling water reactors (BWRs), the pressurised heavy water moderated reactors (PHWRs) as well as the liquid metal fast neutron reactors (LMFRs). Also the new generation reactors will be investigated: Generation III/III+, Generation IV reactor technologies and Small Modular Reactors.

The goal of deepening the understanding of the main safety systems and the primary system of a nuclear reactor, will be pursued by analysing and modelling a Small Modular Reactor and some of its key components and systems (e.g. EHRS, SGs, Containment, etc.), with a specific attention to passive safety systems and two-phase flow basics.

Seminars from international experts and visit to nuclear facilities (in Italy or abroad) are usually planned in Part B.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - A

The student:

  • knows and understands the importance of nuclear energy in the international scenario;
  • knows and understands the main features of the most adopted nuclear technology (PWR);
  • is able to describe the main physical and engineering drivers behind the nuclear reactor technology choices as well as the main aspects of the process;
  • is able to describe the main nuclear fuel and fuel cycle features and the main drivers in nuclear economics, being able also to perform simplified calculations on nuclear electricity production costs.

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - B

The student:

  • knows and understands the main features of different nuclear technologies (BWR, GCR, PHWR, LMFR);
  • knows and understands the main drivers in nuclear technology development and innovation, as well as the main features of the new generation reactors (Gen III, Gen IV);
  • is able to describe the main technological, safety and economic features of Small Modular Reactors;
  • is able to calculate the key thermalhydraulic parameters of a primary system and a safety system component;
  • is able to describe the key principles, criteria, strategies and systems of nuclear safety.

Argomenti trattati

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - A

Basic elements of Nuclear Energy and Engineering. Historical hints of the nuclear technology and industry development: inception of the nuclear sector, military and civilian use of nuclear energy; current international status and relevance of nuclear energy in the World.

Reactor physics concepts. Key elements to understand nuclear reactor technology basics: neutron moderation, fission chain reaction and criticality, 4 factors and 6 factors formulae, reactivity, control and neutronic feedbacks, basic nuclear properties of materials for reactor fuel – moderator – coolant.

Nuclear engineering for energy production-I. Key elements of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) technology: layout, primary system (reactor pressure vessel, internals, pressurizer, pump, steam generators), control rods, fuel elements, secondary system, PWR operation.

Nuclear fuel cycle. Main features of fuel cycle front-end and back-end steps, from mining to waste disposal: mining, conversion, fuel enrichment methods, fuel fabrication, fuel operation, spent fuel storage, transportation and treatment, nuclear fuel/waste management and repositories; nuclear power plant decommissioning: process and costs. (This part will be addressed with a FLIPPED CLASSROOM approach)

Nuclear system economics. Specific features of electricity production costs of nuclear power plants vs. fossil-fired power stations, simplified calculation of kWh costs, critical aspects of nuclear construction time and cost.

Visit to Nuclear Power Plant or Nuclear Facility or Nuclear Company.

 

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - B

Nuclear engineering for energy production-II. Other nuclear reactor technologies: layout and key elements, components, systems of

   - graphite moderated, gas cooled reactors (GCRs),

   - boiling water reactors (BWRs),

   - pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWRs),

   - liquid metal, fast neutron reactors (LMFRs),

   - new generation reactors: Generation III/III+, Generation IV

Nuclear power plant safety. Principles and goals of nuclear safety, main criteria, defense-in-depth approach, redundancy, main safety systems and components in a nuclear power plant, active safety vs. passive safety approach.

New Generation Reactors: Small Modular Reactors (SMR). Critical analysis of SMR technology (This part will be addressed with a FLIPPED CLASSROOM + MOOC approach).

Basic Thermal-hydraulics for Nuclear Power Plants. Single- and Two-phase flow balance equations, flow regimes, critical flow conditions and heat flux, applied to nuclear reactor components (fuel rods and steam generators). (This part will be addressed with a design project – working groups approach, also addressing the previous topics – SMRs & safety)

Excel or Matlab model:

  • Steam Generator (OTSG or U-tube nat. circ.)
  • passive EHRS
  • iPWR-SMR nat. circ. (Core + riser + SG + downcomer)

Seminars from international experts and visit to nuclear facilities (in Italy or abroad).


Prerequisiti

To attend the part A of the course a knowledge, at least at an elementary level, of physics and mathematics is required.

To attend the part B of the course, a knowledge of the subjects contained in the programme of part A is assumed.


Modalità di valutazione

The evaluation consists in a written examination and in an oral examination, for both part A and part B.

Written examination: two numerical exercises plus two written questions.

The written examination aims at assessing the ability of the student to solve simple numerical problems, mainly devoted to isotopic mixtures, energy balances and nuclear economics (cost evaluation), as well as at verifying the knowledge of the course topics.

The oral examination aims at evaluating and further discussing the written examination performed by the student, as well as at assessing his/her capability in describing and justifying nuclear technology solutions, from an engineering point of view.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaCarlo Lombardi, NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
Note:

english version: available on BEEP portal, course web site

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSlides used to complement all the lectures + other edu-material (videos, exercises, etc.) https://beep.metid.polimi.it/
Note:

POLIMI BeeP Portal; Language: English

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaCarlo Lombardi, IMPIANTI NUCLEARI, Editore: PoliPress, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 9788873980551
Note:

Language: Italian

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaRonald Allen Knief, Nuclear Engineering: Theory and Technology of Commercial Nuclear Power, Editore: American Nuclear Society, Anno edizione: 2008
Note:

Language: English; 2nd edition

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaDe Sanctis, E., Monti, S., Ripani, M., Energy from Nuclear Fission: An Introduction, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 978-3-319-30651-3
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaRaymond L. Murray, Nuclear Energy: An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes, Editore: Butterworth-Heinemann, Anno edizione: 2014
Note:

Language: English; 7th edition


Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
62:00
119:30
Esercitazione
17:00
25:30
Laboratorio Informatico
8:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
1:00
17:00
Totale 88:00 162:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
19/01/2021