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Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2019/2020
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale e Territoriale
Insegnamento 095854 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY
Docente Rulli Maria Cristina
Cfu 8.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing - Civ (Mag.)(ord. 270) - CO (439) ENVIRONMENTAL AND GEOMATIC ENGINEERING*AZZZZ052228 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY
Ing - Civ (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (440) INGEGNERIA PER L'AMBIENTE E IL TERRITORIO*AZZZZ095854 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY
Ing - Civ (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (489) INGEGNERIA PER L'AMBIENTE E IL TERRITORIO - ENVIRONMENTAL AND LAND PLANNING ENGINEERING*AZZZZ099461 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY FOR ENG4SD
095854 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (477) ENERGY ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA ENERGETICA*AZZZZ099461 - WATER AND FOOD SECURITY FOR ENG4SD

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

This course is aimed to analyze the constraints and challenges of ensuring an adequate supply of water and food in the face of changes in the environmental forcings, human population dimension and habits and energy policies.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

The students will have

- Knowledge and understanding of the role played by water in  the food security context

- knowledge of methods to  quantify the pressure on natural resources due to food production

- knowledge and understanding of the role played by global environmental changes in the global water and food security

- Autonomous problem solving abilities that allow the students to find strategies for facing new challenges

- Ability to synthesize and communicate  ideas and expertise orally and in written form

 

 


Argomenti trattati

1. The hydrological cycle

2.The hydrological balance

3. Water Functions in the life support system-Water availability –Water resource estimates

4. Human Water Requirements-Household and industrial water needs-Water use vs consumptive water use-Water requirements for food production

5. Water security and food security definition

6. The paradigm of water scarcity-Physical vs economic water scarcity

7. The virtual water concept-virtual water trade

8. The water footprint -Green water-Blue water-Grey water

9. Water Perspectives on Feeding Humanity- Additional water requirements to feed humanity by 2050-yield gap closure

10. Rainfed agriculture vs Irrigated agriculture-evaluation of cropwater requirement- Analysis of water stress on crop growth.

11. Irrigation plants-design

12. Water harvesting strategies

13. Finding the Balance between Water for Humans and for Nature

14. Land sparing vs Land sharing

15. Impacts of Intensive agriculture- Soil erosion- Land degradation-Deforestation

16. Large scale land acquisition (LSLA)- Overview of the issue-Land grabbing-Water acquisition associated to LSLA- Effects on water resources- Effect on Food Security

17. Climate change- Overview of the concept of climate change- Climate change effects on agriculture and food security

18. Food waste issue-The food waste in developed and in developing countries-Food waste impact on food security

19. Effects of the environmental catastrophes on food security- Floods, hurricanes, droughts-Typhoon

20. The Food-Energy-Water nexus-water for food production-present diet-balanced diet-changing diet scenario

21. The Food-Energy-Water nexus-Water for Energy production: 1) Hydroelectric; 2) Biofuel; 3) Fracking; 4) Tar sands

22. The Food-Energy-Water nexus-Competition for water between food and energy

The course is delivered in English through lectures, seminars, practicals and case studies.

 


Prerequisiti

For the 8 credits course the prerequisites are:

Knowledge of basics of Hydrology

For 5 credits course (WATER AND FOOD SECURITY FOR ENG4SD) no prerequisites


Modalità di valutazione

The exam will consist of 2 components: 

1) written test. In class final exam: there will be a closed-book (nothing allowed on the desk except pen) 2.5h exam.  

2) oral test:  questions on the  topics of the course.

3) Research short paper (1500 words excluding references) on  key topics of the course. Presentation and discussion of  the paper. The student will work independently or in team (2-3 people). 

Evaluation:

1)+2) 50%

3) 50%


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaMalin Falkenmark , Johan Rockstrom, Balancing Water for Humans and Nature: The New Approach in Ecohydrology , Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 9781853839276
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaJeffrey D. Sachs, The Age of Sustainable Development, Editore: Columbia University Press, Anno edizione: 2015, ISBN: 9780231173155

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
52:00
78:00
Esercitazione
28:00
42:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 80:00 120:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
04/04/2020