Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
051612 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO
The Studio proposes an experience in architectural design facing the proper complexity of the process. Contextual, typological, functional, constructive, expressive and formal issues of the architectural design process will be treated in their mutual relationship and interaction. The design is challenged to critically appreciate ongoing transformations in real contexts and propose appropriate solutions. To achieve this goal students are guided: in a first phase, in the comprehension of the context of the project, in the evaluation of the alternative approaches proposed for the case study area in public debates, and in the appreciation of the relations between buildings and urban structure; in a second phase, in a research of experimental building types and forms able to combine compositional questions with design and technical aspects of the building.
The aim of the teaching is the elaboration of the design of a building facing the questions referring to the urban scale as to the detail scale, considering formal, technical, material and functional issues in their mutual relations.
Within the design process, the conceptual design of a structural system for seismic actions is of special interest, as it requires the adoption of an effective bracing system, in the context of a 3-d resisting frame with regularity properties both in plan and elevation.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the techniques and tools for architectural design;
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the principles of seismic structural engineering;
- are capable of facing a critical approach to all necessary scales of an architectural design with advanced levels of specialisation and detail;
- are capable of facing a critical analysis of locations and contexts in the close relationship between building and city, history and taste, and the technique and function of architecture;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments;
- are capable of applying the principles of structural seismic engineering in the architectural project.
"Intergenerational dialogues in the Milanese suburbs"
The Design Studio participates to the innovative didactic experimentation platform "Re-forming Peripheries Milano Metropolitana", created with the aim of promoting design experiences on the subject of regeneration of peripheral areas. The design work will take place on the basis of a sociological and political reflection, using the intergenerational dialogue as a tool for the social redevelopment of the peripheral districts. The ever increasing aging of the population leads to phenomena of social exclusion in the periphery, which can be fought by means of intergenerational education and intergenerational solidarity. There are numerous examples in Europe of positive experiences based on solidarity and collaboration between young people, children and the elderly. Based on these examples, students will be invited to design specific spaces for stimulating intergenerational dialogue: urban gardens for intergenerational gardening activities, co-housing buildings for young families and elderly people, cultural centers where to produce documentary films or to store the Memories of daily life in the suburbs, nursery schools run by grandparents and young educators, vocational schools where older workers can pass on their technical knowledge.
However, there is another dimension to the intergenerational question. We can consider the physical form of the periphery as a sedimentation of more "generations" of urban materials (pre-modern, modern, contemporary), recognizable in the infrastructural paths (waterways, roads, railways), in buildings produced in different periods, but also in the succession of plans and projects that have conditioned the growth of the periphery. The Design Studio therefore intends to use the "generational dialogue" as a paradigm for intertwining the social dimension with the spatial dimension. The desire to "age well" unites people and spaces in the suburbs. How to foster with architecture a greater integration between elderly populations, born or grown for many years in a suburban neighborhood, and young populations that have only recently settled? Students will have to respond to this challenge with their projects.
The Design Studio activity will be accompanied by thematic lessons. The final choice of the project area, together with the detailed program of activities, the list of drawings and models to be delivered and an annotated bibliography will be communicated at the beginning of the semester. A page will also be prepared on the "BeeP" website to share teaching materials developed in other PoliMI Design Studios on the same urban area.
Design Studio organization
Group work and individual work are complementary in the Design Studio.
Although many project activities will take place in groups, each student will be required to develop his/her own individual design research path, to be transcribed in the form of a personal sketchbook, in which to write down sketches and notes on lessons, readings, and observations of places, on the design considerations, while the evolution of the urban and architectural project will be documented in the final delivery of a portfolio that will include a selection of sketches, drawings, photographs of the study models and the final ones.
The Design Studio will take place in 3 phases:
- Phase 1: Urban explorations (3 weeks, group work of 2-4 students). Through collective surveys or in small groups, the students will explore the hybrid condition of the project sites, using techniques of direct observation of the places, but also the critical reading of analytical maps (morphological, functional and material analysis) and of aerial photographs that will allow to learn more about the different generations of buildings and spaces that make up the neighborhood. A critical seminar and an exercise carried out with a group of anthropologists from the State University of Milan-Bicocca will offer the possibility of a field research with interviews with inhabitants, social workers, associations, in order to further specify the cognitive framework of the socio-economical condition of the district.
- Phase 2: Urban design (6 weeks, group work of 2-4 students). Detailed analysis of the urban area to be designed, with the definition of the program of service buildings for children and the elderly, starting from which to develop an intervention scenario based on the principle of intergenerational dialogue. Development of an urban project on a scale of the entire sector, including existing buildings to be recovered / transformed, new buildings and public spaces, on a scale of 1: 1000, 1: 500 and 1: 200 (drawings and models), to be discussed and delivered in an Interim Review in Week 9. This intermediate submission will not be marked, but it will be evaluated with an informal feedback, indicating to the students if the performance in the design studio will have been considered as excellent, good, sufficient or insufficient. During this phase will be organized a study trip to a European City (not mandatory but recommended).
- Phase 3: Detailed architectural design (7 weeks, individual work). Individual development of a building at the architecture scale within the urban project, with a clear presentation of the structural principles and some construction details, on a scale of 1: 200, 1: 100, 1:50 and 1:20 (designs and models). Final delivery, group exhibition and discussion with external experts (Visiting Critics) on the date corresponding to the first exam session, with its own individual assessment.
Modalità di valutazione
The students will be evaluated on the base of their preliminary analytical work, their attendance and active participation in the collective discussion, and the quality and depth of their design proposal at various steps. The evaluation will focus on the acquisition of critical awareness. Final exams as well as intermediate deliveries will consist in the presentation and discussion of the requested materials. Marks will be individual and based on the students’ understanding of the issues involved. The evaluation for the interim review will not be marked, but will only be made as an informal feedback, indicating to the students if the performance in the design studio is considered as excellent, good, sufficient or insufficient. The final marks will be assigned only to the final project which will ought to be concluded by the end of the semester. The assessment of the learning outcomes and of the competences of students will follow the objectives of the Dublin indicators. In the final review and submission, the learning skills and the capacity of knowledge and understanding of the contents of the lectures and readings will be assessed through the elaboration of a written presentation, while the capacity of applying knowledge and understanding, of making judgements and the communication skills of the students will be assessed through the oral presentation and the delivery of models, boards and a portfolio collecting all the works elaborated during the studio
K. Frampton, Studies in Tectonic Culture. The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture, Editore: MIT Press, Anno edizione: 2001
K. Frampton (edited by Ashley Simone), A Genealogy of Modern Architecture. Comparative Critical Analysis of Built Form, Editore: Lars Müller Publishers, Anno edizione: 2015
H. Hertzberger, Lessons for Students in Architecture, Editore: Nai Uitgevers Pub, Anno edizione: 2017
A. Deplazes (editor), Constructing Architecture: materials, processes, structures. A Handbook, Editore: Birkhäuser, Anno edizione: 2013
A. Zimmermann, Constructing Landscape, materials techniques structural components, Editore: Birkhauser, Anno edizione: 2007
Richard T. LeGates, Frederic Stout (eds), The City Reader, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2011
Michael Larice, Elizabeth Macdonald (eds), The Urban Design Reader, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2012
John Foot, Milan since the Miracle. City, Culture and Identity, Editore: Berg, Anno edizione: 2001
Corinna Morandi, Milan: The great urban transformation, Editore: Marsilio, Anno edizione: 2007
Massimo Bricocoli, Stefania Sabatinelli, House sharing amongst young adults in the context of Mediterranean welfare: the case of Milan, Editore: European Journal of Housing Policy, Anno edizione: 2016, ISSN: 1461-6718
Aa. Vv., Designing for earthquakes, a Manual for Architects, Editore: FEMA (FederalEmergencyManagementAgency), ISBN: 1484117468
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese