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Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2019/2020
Scuola Scuola di Architettura Urbanistica Ingegneria delle Costruzioni
Insegnamento 054400 - ECOLOGY AND AGRONOMIC SCIENCE
Docente Bocchi Stefano , Melia' Paco Vasco Aldo
Cfu 8.00 Tipo insegnamento Corso Integrato
Didattica innovativa L'insegnamento prevede  2.0  CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
  • Cotutela con mondo esterno

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1187) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE. LAND LANDSCAPE HERITAGE***AZZZZ054400 - ECOLOGY AND AGRONOMIC SCIENCE

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

Planning, designing and managing landscapes requires the ability to read and understand complex interactions taking place among a number of physical, biological and socioeconomic factors over space and time. In particular, peri-urban spaces, the landscape interface between town and country, raise critical sustainability challenges. They are transitional zones at the urban fringe where urban and rural land uses mix and often clash, yet they are crucial to the liveability and sustainability of cities as they contribute significantly to the supply of natural resources such as water and food, and the satisfaction of recreational needs. Their proper management requires integrated approaches addressing environmental protection, ecosystem services provisioning and the creation of green infrastructures along with local socioeconomic development.

The main objectives of the course are to introduce students to the basic concepts of ecological and agronomic sciences and to foster their integration into landscape design. In particular, the course aims to develop students' knowledge and understanding of the main components of ecosystems and agro-ecosystems and their interactions, and the capability to read and understand landscapes in terms of ecological processes and dynamics.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

At the end of the course, the student is expected to:

  • know which are the main components of ecological and agro-ecological systems, the main processes that taking place therein, how they interact with each other and with the surrounding environment
  • understand the main benefits provided to humans by ecosystems and agro-ecosystems, as well as the main impacts of human activities on their functioning
  • be able to analyse landscapes from an ecological viewpoint, understanding how different spatial configurations of the landscape mosaic can influence the main ecological processes
  • be able to communicate effectively the results of his/her work, finding the right balance between analysis and synthesis and using appropriate forms of communication to interact with professionals from different disciplines.

Argomenti trattati

The course is articulated into two parallel modules, one on Agronomy and agroecology and one on Ecology.

Agronomy and agroecology

The module will provide basic knowledge of botany, meteorology, principles of soil physic and chemistry, mainly referred to cropping systems (cultivated fields) and/or crops, their morphology and physiology. The module will also provide knowledge related to main agroecological principles and practices, that is to say how to design and to manage cropping systems and farming systems for providing ecosystem services.

Agricultural heritages: values, systems, knowledge, practices: origin and development of crops; ecological analysis of the original centres of agriculture. Analysis of farming systems and their biological components: basic concepts and main properties of cropping, farming, agricultural systems; components of the farming system: climate, soils, vegetation. Farm level: strategies and tactics, crop rotations/irrigation/fertilization/agroforestry design for sustainable productions and ecosystems services. Sustainability of agro-food system and the Agenda 2030.

Ecology

The module will introduce the fundamental concepts of ecology, providing basic knowledge on how organisms interact with the surrounding physical and biological environment, both under natural conditions and under current anthropogenic change.

Introduction to ecology: introductory concepts; ecological levels; basic structure and functioning of ecosystems. Interactions between organisms and their environment: environmental conditions and resources; fundamental ecosystem processes; trophic interactions; energy and matter flows through ecosystems. Biodiversity concepts and indices: geographical patterns in biodiversity; main threats to biodiversity; measuring biodiversity; biogeography. Landscape ecology: landscape patterns and drivers of landscape disturbance; landscape analysis and metrics; interactions of organisms with landscape heterogeneity. Urban ecology: anthropogenic biomes; human disturbance and novel ecosystems; effects of urbanization on the physical environment; biological responses to urbanization. Development and sustainability: the triple bottom line of sustainability; sustainability indicators; natural capital and ecosystem services; life cycle thinking and life cycle assessment.


Prerequisiti

none


Modalità di valutazione

The exam is articulated into two parts, a group work and an individual written test. The group work, to be carried out during the semester, consists in the analysis of a case study and in the presentation of the case study to the class. The individual part consists in a written exam including closed and open-ended questions, as well as numerical exercises related to the topics covered by the two modules. The final mark will be the sum of three scores, one associated to the group presentations, the other two associated to the two parts in which the written test will be subdivided (one for each module).


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaLoomins R.S. and Connors D.J., Crop Ecology, Editore: Cambridge University Press, Anno edizione: 2012
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaMolles, M., Ecology: Concepts and Applications. 7th Edition, Editore: McGraw Hill Education, Anno edizione: 2015
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaDramstad, W.E., Olson, J.D., Forman, R.T.T., Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning, Editore: Island Press, Anno edizione: 1996
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaTurner, M.G., Gardner, R.H., Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2015
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaForman, R.T.T., Urban Ecology. Science of Cities, Editore: Cambridge University Press, Anno edizione: 2014

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
60:00
90:00
Esercitazione
20:00
30:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 80:00 120:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
20/01/2020