Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
051612 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO
The Studio proposes an experience in architectural design facing the proper complexity of the process. Contextual, typological, functional, constructive, expressive and formal issues of the architectural design process will be treated in their mutual relationship and interaction. The design is challenged to critically appreciate ongoing transformations in real contexts and propose appropriate solutions. To achieve this goal students are guided: in a first phase, in the comprehension of the context of the project, in the evaluation of the alternative approaches proposed for the case study area in public debates, and in the appreciation of the relations between buildings and urban structure; in a second phase, in a research of experimental building types and forms able to combine compositional questions with design and technical aspects of the building.
The aim of the teaching is the elaboration of the design of a building facing the questions referring to the urban scale as to the detail scale, considering formal, technical, material and functional issues in their mutual relations.
Within the design process, the conceptual design of a structural system for seismic actions is of special interest, as it requires the adoption of an effective bracing system, in the context of a 3-d resisting frame with regularity properties both in plan and elevation.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the techniques and tools for architectural design;
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the principles of seismic structural engineering;
- are capable of facing a critical approach to all necessary scales of an architectural design with advanced levels of specialisation and detail;
- are capable of facing a critical analysis of locations and contexts in the close relationship between building and city, history and taste, and the technique and function of architecture;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments;
- are capable of applying the principles of structural seismic engineering in the architectural project.
The laboratory proposes a profound approach to architectural design which foresees an advanced level of complexity. The city of Yazd in Iran (UNESCO Heritage Site since 2017) will be the main context in which the students will experience the relation between a consolidated city, with strong identity and a relevant cultural value, and the new architectural projects. The aim is to explore the possibilities for contemporary architecture to be projected in a delicate context with seismic issues, without renouncing the opportunity of respecting the memory and identity of the place as well as providing the new ones. Structural module is aimed for providing students with base knowledge and principals of designing for seismic areas, learning from best practices which employed those principals in actual projects.
To introduce the students to the complex design process, which puts in relation the characteristic of context (social, environmental, cultural, technical, relational), with the practice of design for the new built-ups, the laboratory is aimed to provide students with advance level of knowledge of contemporary scenarios, strategies, tools and techniques of intervention in historical context as well as technical and structural requirements to design for fragile environment with high seismic risk, employing local material and resources. Structurally speaking, the students will learn about; the collapse mechanisms, the concept design and elaboration of a definitive structural project which satisfies the requirements of construction in seismic area for concrete and masonry types.
The architectural project is intended to form a process of gaining knowledge of projecting in urban context as well as architecture and urban modification tools and techniques, focusing on the redefinition of habitable space in relation to ecological and sustainability concerns.
A persistent reference for the project is the integrality of the architectural fact, understood as a union of formal contents (typology, morphology), reasons of use (program, intended use) and technical-constructive components (technologies, structures, materials). The method considers the base knowledge and the interpretation of fundamental moments of selected context under developments and transformation projects, according to an approach that investigates the historical-morphological, typological-social, technical-constructive and ecological-environmental characters. Simultaneously, the design process includes the identification of critical references in the history of the discipline, the criteria of environmental compatibility in reading the climatic characteristics of the context and assumes the specific conditions of seismic risk, to achieve the redefinition of the project concept in appropriate scales. The ecological and sustainable modification of the contexts thus becomes the instrument capable of providing new forms and balances for the place, interpreting and advancing options on the delicate relationship between new architecture and existing context. The structural module will explore the earthquake effect on structures, assessing structural deficiencies for concrete and masonry types by looking into their examples in actual earthquakes.The criticalities for constructions in seismic areas will be analyzed, introducing also the concepts of structural organization, structural optimization, from the conception of project to its precise execution. Best practices will be presented to students together with the best examples of constructed projects in seismic areas such as hospitals and schools, exploring their significant characteristics and peculiarities.
The project will be developed in small groups during the entire semester, and discussed weekly with the teaching group. Intermediate deliveries and seminars for the discussion and evaluation of the project are also open to external teachers.
The laboratory activity will be accompanied by lessons regarding the theoretical and operational problems of the architectural project and additional communications on the proposed project theme. Therefore, lectures will provide knowledge of the place, architecture principles, technical knowledge of design for seismic risk and tools and techniques of design for historical contexts, with the aim of stimulating student's curiosities and doubts. The basic teaching materials will be published on the "BeeP" portal.
The laboratory will work on the edges of historical city of Yazd in Iran (UNESCO site), assuming as project theme some incomplete areas, urban voids and neglected spaces, close to the historical zone, in the buffer and protected areas marked by UNESCO.
The students will design new housing complex in respect to the buffer zone codes of UNESCO, with the aim to improve and requalify the existing urban context as well as the condition of historical monument in the protected zone. The projects will address the theme of habitat, in a broader sense, deepening the contents of variety of scales involved, from the redefinition of the urban context, that is in the relationship with the infrastructures and open/public spaces, to Architecture and constructive details. Students will also develop the architectural contextualization of a building/buildings, in the existing morphological, typological with constructive and environmental implications, in the development of linguistic, expressive and communicative contents.
The students will tackle the urban scale with designing a masterplan able to demonstrate strategical design for urban requalification and future sustainable development scenarios. The master plan should provide flexibility and openness as well as rational reasoning on the necessity of architectural and urban intervention in historical build up context. Moving to architectural scale the strategies and tools which students will employ should be consistent with the masterplan guide lines and goals and explore morphological and topological innovation with a deep understanding of both traditional existing morphology and typologies of both private/public buildings and environmental factors. In the final phase, students will profound their design with the study and design of constructive materials and details dealing with seismic issues, scarcity of resources and local materials.
It is expected that students will carry out design research in related areas and articulate their thoughts. Drawings, sketches, diagrams will support theoretical understanding. Making scale models will be an important part of the studio work. The groups should also demonstrate their relevant structural knowledge in their project as well as structural design specifications.
Modalità di valutazione
The assessment methods foresee the formulation of the judgment on the following activities: elaboration of a project to be developed in small groups; of the work progress, presentation and evaluation seminars in the classroom; intermediate deliveries; extempore in the classroom to evaluate individual skills.
The exam consists of the presentation of all the work done in the laboratory, printed on paper/panels, according to the indications of the teacher; this is accompanied by an oral interview on the outcome of the work and on the theoretical contents of the project. For the purposes of formulating the final judgment, the possession of the following abilities will be assessed: ability to organize and expose discursively the acquired knowledge and the characteristics of the exercises and the project elaborated; ability of critical reasoning on the project, more generally, on the contents of the discipline; quality of the exposition from the point of view of the specialized lexicon, of the logical structuring of the discourse, of the coherence between the assumptions and the conclusions; competence on the assigned bibliography, in particular on the relationship between theoretical knowledge and design choices.
The results of the project work, the extempore and the seminars will contribute to the formulation of the final evaluation. This takes into account both the individual partial evaluations and the contribution to group work and is always individual.
Gregotti V., Inside Architecture, Editore: The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., Anno edizione: 1996
Marini S., Corbellini G. (Editeb by),, Recycled Theory - Dizionario illustrato / Illustrated Dictionary, Editore: Quodlibet Studio - Città e paesaggio, Roma, Anno edizione: 2016
AAVV, "Il disegno degli spazi aperti - The Design of Open Spaces" / Casabella, Editore: Electa, Milano, Anno edizione: 1993, Fascicolo: gennaio, n. 597-598
Paulay T., Priestley M. J. N., Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings, Editore: Wiley-Interscience, Anno edizione: 1992
supplementary bibliography available on the beep page: [2018-19] - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO [ ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN ]
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese