099757 - SUSTAINABLE BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES + STUDIO
The course in Sustainable Building Technologies has two main goals. The first one is about design methodology and deals with the understanding of the close relationship between architecture, energy efficiency and the technological aspects of a building, also providing students with tools to assess the related performances. The second one is about the knowledge of the construction techniques themselves and the criteria for their choice in different situations. These goals are integrated in the general learning objectives of the Master programme related to the understanding and practice of multi-disciplinary design, to the acquisition of performance modelling skills and to the knowledge of innovative building technologies for user comfort and environmental sustainability.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
At the conclusion of the course, the student knows advanced construction technologies and their application in specific contexts; understands the close relationship between architecture, energy efficiency and the technological aspects of a building; is able to analyse the effect of different design choices on the energy performance of a building, also taking into account recent legislation about Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings.
Detailed learning outcomes:
DD1) Knowledge and understanding
- knows the most updated concepts and regulations about energy efficiency and sustainability in the building sector; - knows passive design solutions and critically understands their application to buildings located in different climates; - knows innovative building technologies deriving from sustainability requirements and their implications on the tectonics of architecture; - understands innovations in manufacture and construction of buildings and their components; - can use preliminary and detailed performance modelling tools that can act as a support to the design of the building and its technological aspects.
DD2) Applying knowledge and understanding
Through the studio work, the student:
- applies design strategies for energy efficiency to a complex architectural project;
- applies performance modelling tools to assess the effectiveness of their design decisions in a continuous, integrated way.
DD3) Making judgements
Through the studio work, the student:
- learns to evaluate and select energy-efficient design strategies and apply them to his/her own project;
- learns to critically select building technologies and apply them to his/her own project.
Through the studio work, the student:
- improves his/her ability to work in teams of people with different backgrounds; - practices his/her communication skills through the public presentation of their projects.
DD5) Lifelong learning skills
Through the studio work, the student tests the implications of a multidisciplinary design process on his/her own project, simulating a real-life design scenario.
During the course, the theme of sustainability in architecture will be thoroughly investigated, ranging from global issues to advanced, building-integrated energy- saving techniques and the recent European legislation about the Nearly Zero Energy Building standard. A number of European and Italian best practice examples will be presented, showing how the issue of sustainability is central to the building sector, requiring a holistic approach during the whole design process. Students will be shown that the design of energy- and technology-related issues is often a creative activity, implying the ability to choose energy strategies, climate- specific architectural languages and suitable materials, putting them together, designing interface areas and so on. Innovations in the sector will be presented, in particular those that concern the shift from monolithic solutions to layered ones, and from massive to light, dry-assembled “Structure / Envelope” buildings. During the term, professionals will be invited to give lectures on specific themes and technologies, bringing first-hand work experience to the students. Visits to important building sites or exhibitions pertinent with the contents of the course will also be organised.
The integrated design approach will also be the main focus of the Studio work, where students will implement design strategies and building technologies for energy efficiency to a complex architectural project, developed in parallel with the course of Architectural Design, offered in the same semester. The exposure to the different viewpoints (architecture and urban design on one side, energy efficiency and construction technology on the other) will help student exercise their critical understanding of the design process and prepare for the complexity of their future professional life. The theoretical concepts presented during the lectures will be applied to the project with the help of performance modelling tools; students will be required to constantly assess the effectiveness of their design decisions on the energy efficiency and visual comfort levels of their proposal. The design activity will be organised in small groups and will be take place over the whole semester, with constant assistance given by the teachers and by external professionals. The Studio activity will be based on: 1. schematic design, in order to study and understand the bioclimatic strategies of the building; 2. detailed drawings (plans, sections and elevations 1:50); 3. working drawings at detailed scale (1:20 or smaller) in order to understand and solve the main technological aspects of a building; calculations in order to optimise the design for comfort (heat, ventilation, light etc.) and energy efficiency.
The fundamentals of building physics and building services are necessary to understand the concepts about energy efficiency that the course deals with. A basic knowledge of building technologies is also recommended.
Modalità di valutazione
The final evaluation is individual. The mark will derive from the result of the Studio teamwork and from a final, individual discussion about the topics that are presented during the lessons. Students will be requested to present their Studio project twice during the term, in a common session with the parallel Architectural Design course. These presentations will be evaluated with marks. The continuity of work will be evaluated as well, with marks after the Studio reviews every second week. The final mark of the Studio will be composed as follows: - 20% intermediate presentation - 35% final presentation - 9% each alternate review during the semester (5 in total).
Szokolay, Steven Vajk, Introduction to architectural science : the basis of sustainable design, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 978-04-15-82498-9 Note:
Previous editions of 2004 and 2008 are also still valid.
M. Hegger, M. Fuchs, T. Stark, M. Zeumer, Energy manual, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Detail, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 978-37-643-8830-0
T. Herzog, R. Krippner, W. Lang, Facade construction manual, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Detail, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 978-37-643-7109-8 Note:
2004 edition also available and valid
J. Natterer, T. Herzog, R. Schweitzer, M. Volz, W. Winter, Timber Construction Manual, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Detail, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 37-643-7025-4
Cremers, Jan, Building openings construction manual: windows, vents, exterior doors, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Detail, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 978-39-555-3298-7
C. Schittich, G. Staib, D. Balkow, M. Schuler, W. Sobek, Glass Construction Manual, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Detail, Anno edizione: 2007, ISBN: 978-37-643-8290-2
Compagno, Andrea, Intelligente Glasfassaden : Material Anwendung Gestaltung = Intelligent glass facaden : material practice design, Editore: Birkhaeuser, Anno edizione: 2002, ISBN: 37-643-6694-X
Oesterle, Eberhard, Double-skin facades : integrated planning : building physics, construction, aerophysics, air-conditioning, economic viability, Editore: Prestel, Anno edizione: 2001, ISBN: 37-913250-4-3
M. Imperadori, Schematic Design, Editore: Il Sole 24 Ore, Anno edizione: 2011
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese