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Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Architettura Urbanistica Ingegneria delle Costruzioni
Insegnamento 053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Docente Ingersoll Richard Joseph
Cfu 4.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento
Arc - Urb - Cost (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - MI (1094) PROGETTAZIONE DELL'ARCHITETTURA***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1017) ARCHITETTURA - ARCHITETTURA DELLE COSTRUZIONI***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1018) ARCHITETTURA - PROGETTAZIONE ARCHITETTONICA***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1098) URBAN PLANNING AND POLICY DESIGN - PIANIFICAZIONE URBANA E POLITICHE TERRITORIALI***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1136) ARCHITETTURA***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1195) ARCHITETTURA - AMBIENTE COSTRUITO - INTERNI - ARCHITECTURE - BUILT ENVIRONMENT - INTERIORS***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN***AZZZZ053474 - ECO-CITY EUROPE. THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

Eco-City. Planning Neighborhoods for Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism

Politecnico di Milano, DASTU, Spring semester 2019. 4 CFU 

Prof. Richard Ingersoll

This course covers a broad range of issues concerning environmental quality. A safe estimate that 40% of Greenhouse gases are attributable to buildings and cities issues a clear mandate to architects and urbanists to work within a new paradigm of sustainable design and lifestyles. The design professions from both a legal and ethical point of view will be increasingly challenged to offer solutions to the evolving crises of Climate Change. In the course we will consider the urban legacy, which previous to the mid 19th century had a low carbon footprint, the virtues of vernacular solutions in building, the introduction of sophisticated technologies and incumbent issues such as “embodied energy”, the role of growing and distributing food, the question of waste, the political economy of transitions to sustainability, and many investigations into life styles.

 


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

gain comprehensive knowledge on policies, strategies, and designs proposed in the name of sustainability

be able to analyze urbanism in terms of geography, morphology, and performed services

appreciate the particular historic and cultural factors of European cities and neighborhoods

be able to execute participant-observer interviews

make judgements on tradeoffs between social and technical solutions


Argomenti trattati

During the past two decades European cities in general have made the best efforts to lower their carbon footprint through improved transportation services, alternative energy programs, recycling systems, and attempts to enforce overall sustainable standards for offices, businesses, and housing. In a democratic situation it is quite difficult to induce individuals to change their lifestyles in order to reach an ideal goal of carbon neutrality. The neighborhood plan, which can range in size from 5000 to 25,000 citizens, can be the key to what Serge Latouche calls “happy degrowth,” offering optimizations of transportation, energy production and consumption, land use, and socialization, without obvious sacrifices in quality of life. The European advantage stems partly from the pre-industrial origins of its cities, with frequent histories of municipal democracy, and partly from a conscientious effort by current politicians and administrators to encourage life style and energy alternatives that reduce greenhouse gases. With the recent international agreement at COP 21 in Paris (2015) to maintain temperature rise to 1.5 degrees, there has been an increased effort to curtail energy abuse. While laws, techniques, and design have a lot to do with the difference, lifestyle is perhaps the strongest factor: We will take into account habits of transportation, dining, and work tend to think about reprogramming them to weigh less heavily in the balance of entropy (the dissipation of energy and matter). The course lectures will cover the major issues in achieving sustainable neighborhoods from political organization, technological solutions, and propaganda.  

Course work.

Students will be obliged to work on three levels.

The first will be a test given at mid-semester to insure that everyone is comfortable with the general knowledge and terminology of sustainability, historical issues, and key works of architecture and urbanism.

The second will be a case study prepared in groups of three students devoted to a specific neighborhood such as Vauban in Freiburg or Ginko in Bordeaux that are known for good practices, focusing in depth on one of five key issues.

The third is a design problem considering the transformation of neighborhoods into more sustainable environments in the Milanese metropolitan region. 

During the Spring semester we will offer two optional 4-day study trips for a limited number of students to visit five examples of eco-quartiers.

Lecture schedule:

1) Introduction: A One-way ticket to Planet Earth. A review of the general issues in the course.
Texts:
Naomi Klein (2014); Peter Calthorpe (2010); Ingersoll (2012); Kolbert (2014)

2) Was Urbanism Ever Sustainable? A survey of historical examples of success and failure in urban cultures previous to the industrial revolution. We investigate whether the contingent factors of modernity negate a return to any previous ideal.
Texts:
Benevolo (1980); Kostof (1992); Diamond (2005); Bramwell (1989); Fishman (1977)

3) Urbanism is the key, the five factors that make the difference in the Age of Global Warming
Texts:
Beatley (2000), Beatley (2012); Calthorpe (2010)

4) Cool Architecture, a response to Global Warming: Learning from the Vernacular, Learning from High Tech, and the move toward Appropriate Technology and Materials; Biomimicry
Texts:
Buchanan (2003); Butti (1980); Ingersoll (2018); McDonough (2002).

5) Green Economy? Green Capitalism? Critical positions in the move toward social ecology the linear versus the circular economy.
Texts:Harvey (2014); Hawkin (1999); Latouche

6) Legal parameters for Greening the city: roofs, voids, walls, parking, zoning, life styles
Texts;
Whitford (2009); Falk (2006)
7) How to measure the success of Solar and alternative technologies
Texts:
Rotor (2014); Wacknagel (1996)

8) Top down or bottoms up. Design and mobilization.
Texts:
Klein (2014); Steel (2008); Shiva (2012); Pollan (2006)


Bibliography:

Adams, David (1992) “Rudolf Steiner’s First Goetheanum as Illustration of Organic Functionalism,” JSAH,
Benevolo, Leonardo (1980) History of the City.
Beatley, Timothy (2000), Learning fromm European Cities
Beatley, Timothy, ed. (2012), Green Cities of Europe,
Bramwell, Anna (1989) Ecology in the 20th Century. A History, New Haven: Yale Univeristy Press,.
Butti, Ken & John Perlin (1980) A Golden Thread: 2500 Years of Solar Architecture and Technology, Palo Alto: Cheshire Books.
Baker-Brown, Duncan (2017) The Reuse Atlas.
Buchanan, Peter (2003) Ten Shades of Green, Architecture and the Natural World, Architectural League of New York.
Calthorpe, Peter (2010), Urbanism in the age of climate change
Diamond, Jared (2005), Collapse, How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, London: Penguin,.
Hawkin, P, A. Lovins (1999), L. H. Lovins, Natural Capitalism. Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, Boston: Little Brown and Company,.
Falk, Nicholas (2006), “Smarter Growth and Sustainable Suburbs,” Built Environment.
Fishman, Robert (1977) Urban Utopias in the 20th Century.
Ingersoll, Richard (2012 ) “The Ecology Question and Architecture,” in Handbook of Architectural Theory, G. Crysler, S. Cairns, eds., Berkeley: Sage,.
Harvey David (2014) Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism.
Ingersoll, Richard (2012) “Urban Agriculture,” Lotus, no. 149, May 2012, pp105-117.
Ingersoll, Richard (2013) “Eat the City,” Places, June 2013.
Ingersoll, Richard (2017),”When the Cathedrals were Green”
Ingersoll, Richard (2018) “Cool Architecture” (2018)
Klein, Naomi (2014), This changes Everything, Capitalismversus the Climate
Kolbert, Elizabeth (2014), The Sixth Extinction, An Unnatural History.
Kostof, Spiro (1992) The City Shaped.
Latouche, Serge (2004), “Degrowth Economics”
McDonough, W. and M. Baungart (2002) Cradle to Cradle, Remaking the Way we Make Things, NY: North Point Press.
Pollan, Michael (2006) Omnivore’s Dilemma.
Rotor, (2014) Behind the Green Door. A Critical Look at Sustainable Architecture through 600 Objects.
Shiva, Vandana (2012),Making Peace with the Earth
Steel, Carolyn (2008), Hungry City. How Food Shapes Our Lives.
Wackernagle, M. & W. Rees (1996) Our Ecological Footprint. Reducing Human Impact on the Earth, New Society Publishers.
Whitford, A. B. & Wong, Karen (2009), “Political and Social Foundations for Environmental Sustainability,” Political Research Quarterly.


Prerequisiti
 

Modalità di valutazione

Students will be obliged to work on three levels.

The first will be a test given at mid-semester to insure that everyone is comfortable with the general knowledge and terminology of sustainability, historical issues, and key works of architecture and urbanism.

The second will be a case study prepared in groups of three students devoted to a specific neighborhood such as Vauban in Freiburg or Ginko in Bordeaux that are known for good practices, focusing in depth on one of five key issues.

The third is a design problem considering the transformation of neighborhoods into more sustainable environments in the Milanese metropolitan region. 

During the Spring semester we will offer two optional 4-day study trips for a limited number of students to visit five examples of eco-quartiers.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaPeter Calthorpe, Urbanism in the age of climate change, Editore: Island Pr, Anno edizione: 2013, ISBN: 9781597267212
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaRichard Ingersoll, The Ecology Question and Architecture
Note:

in Handbook of Architectural Theory, G. Chrysler, S. Cairns, eds., Berkeley: Sage

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaNaomi Klein, This changes Everything, Capitalism versus the Climate, Editore: PENGUIN Politics, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 9780241956182

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
30:00
45:00
Esercitazione
10:00
15:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 40:00 60:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
19/09/2020