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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 052594 - EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR REACTOR KINETICS
Docente Cammi Antonio
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare
Didattica innovativa L'insegnamento prevede  5.0  CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
  • Cotutela con mondo esterno

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (478) NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA NUCLEARE*AZZZZ052594 - EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR REACTOR KINETICS
052601 - FISSION REACTOR PHYSICS II + EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR REACTOR KINETICS
052598 - PHYSICS OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS + EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR REACTOR KINETICS

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The course (provided jointly by Politecnico di Milano and University of Pavia) is aimed at imparting theoretical and experimental knowledge of nuclear reactor kinetics by exploiting the TRIGA Mark II research reactor at the Laboratory of Applied Nuclear Energy (LENA) of the University of Pavia.

In particular, this course presents a consolidated approach towards reactor analysis wherein theoretical concepts of reactor physics, dynamics and thermal-hydraulics are applied to predict the behavior of the TRIGA reactor and its validation with the experimental data. 

The course consists of a theoretical part illustrating the basic principles of nuclear reactor physics and reactor kinetics and a description of a number of reactor kinetics experiments.

The practical part  of the course will include experimental sessions at LENA research facility followed by analyses and discussion of the obtained results. Homework and assignments will be provided throughout the course and will form a part of the final evaluation.

Online tutoring with participation of international students from various universities is also foreseen.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

The students will know and comprehend:

  • the advanced mathematical and physical approaches required to analyse kinetics and dynamics of nuclear reactors and the experimental techniques for measurement and evaluation of different properties of nuclear reactor, such as, the temperature and void feedback coefficients.

The students will able to:

  • elaborate various experimental techniques for control rod calibration; elaborate and perform experiments to evaluate reactivity feedback coefficients;
  • perform an error analysis to quantify the experimental errors and analyse different reactor transients at different power
  • Exhibit fluency in technical communications with use of accurate scientific terminology.

Argomenti trattati
  • Control rod calibration: Procedures for calibration of control rods: "reactor period" method, "rod drop" method and "sub-critical core configuration" method.
  • Measurement of the void coefficient: Procedure for the measurement of void coefficient in TRIGA Mark II reactor at zero-power condition.
  • Measurement of the prompt and isothermal fuel temperature coefficients: Procedure for measurement of prompt and isothermal fuel temperature coefficients in TRIGA Mark II reactor at different power levels.
  • Error Analysis: Procedure for estimating the errors in measured quantities and error propagation to other variables using Moffat’s Approach.
  • Analysis of typical reactor transients at different power levels: Analysis of nuclear reactor dynamics with reference to the TRIGA Mark II reactor. Inverse method.
  • Experimental measurement of the reactor transfer functions: Experimental frequency response of the reactor, starting from the analysis of the measured power transients.
  • Neutronic simulation of a TRIGA Reactor: Monte Carlo approach to transport theory with application to the TRIGA reactor by Serpent code:
    • 1) Determination of multiplication coefficient, kinetic parameters and neutron flux distribution.
    • 2) Determination of group constants for defining a diffusive model for several energy groups.

Obiettivi 

Il corso è dedicato agli aspetti di modellistica dei componenti e dei sistemi principali di un impianto nucleare di potenza, con riferimento alle diverse filiere di reattori.

Sulla base degli argomenti trattati, il corso consente di acquisire gli strumenti per la comprensione dei fenomeni legati alle variazioni di reattività che si manifestano in un reattore in potenza, gli strumenti modellistici e di simulazione per l’analisi dinamica di nocciolo, nonché gli strumenti di controllo e regolazione dell’intero impianto.


Prerequisiti

This course requires a prior knowledge of the topics presented in the course of Dynamics and Control of Nuclear Plants.


Modalità di valutazione

The evaluation consists of an oral examination aimed at verifying the students’ knowledge of the course topics, in particular, the ability to describe the theoretical fundamentals of nuclear reactor kinetics as well as the ability to analyze and interpret experimental results with focus on error analyses.

The examination will also consist of a discussion of the assigned homework to test the ability to discuss and communicate in a professional manner the analyses and results of the assignment.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaJ.J. Duderstadt, L.J. Hamilton, Nuclear Reactor Analysis, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, Anno edizione: 1976, ISBN: 978-0471223634
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaD.L. Hetrick, Dynamics of Nuclear Reactors, Editore: American Nuclear Society, Anno edizione: 1993, ISBN: 978-0894484537
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaD.G. Cacuci, Handbook of Nuclear Engineering, Editore: Springer-Verlag, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-0387981307
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaK.D. Kok, Nuclear Engineering Handbook, Editore: Taylor & Francis, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-1420053906

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
20:00
30:00
Esercitazione
10:00
15:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
20:00
30:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 50:00 75:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
11/08/2020