Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1098) URBAN PLANNING AND POLICY DESIGN - PIANIFICAZIONE URBANA E POLITICHE TERRITORIALI
053327 - EUROPEAN URBAN POLICIES
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1187) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE. LAND LANDSCAPE HERITAGE
053327 - EUROPEAN URBAN POLICIES
The course aims at developing an advanced understanding on contemporary urban policy by setting the analysis within the broader European Union’s policies context. Introducing this dimension is crucial, when considering the increasing role of European Union (EU) on single Member States initiatives, also at the local and urban scale and in the field of urban and regional policies.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
Based on the main theoretical elements proposed with the first and second module of the course, students can expect to:
Acquire the basic jargon necessary to discuss, in a consistent and precise manner, European integration process and its impact on the urban dimension;
Understand the main rationales and logics of the European promoted regional and urban policy;
Understand the main effects of Cohesion Policies at the local and urban scale, in particular in terms of policy innovation;
Understand the role of cities and urban and regional policies in the EU integration process;
Develop an understanding and general knowledge of urban policy design all over the European context;
Explore the innovations introduced by EU in the urban policies field and the interactions with different planning cultures.
Based on the immersion into practices proposed with the third module of the course, students can expect to:
Acquire the basic jargon necessary to interact in a practical way with EU promoted initiatives in the field of urban policy;
Acquire a crticial knowledge of how a EU promoted initative works, which problems can be expected, how to deal with them, how knowledge and innovation can be deveoped and trasferred;
Be prepared to be involved as professional or civil servant within similar EU promoted initiatives;
Learn how to write and present review papers in English and properly discuss peers’ pieces of works.
During the semester the course will try to address an articulated set of interrelated questions:
1. What are the main processes of transformations occurring in EU cities? Can we talk about european cities as something differentiated from the other cities in the world?
2. How EU has contributed to explore change and reconceptualise the urban dimension and the urban question?
3. What role has been traditionally assigned to cities inside the European context in the different member states? which different approaches at national level have been developed and which policy mobility has characterised the EU context?
3. How EU policies have been contributing to feed or reinvent this role, in particular with attention to the recent economic crisis?
4. To what extent and how EU policies have been innovating the field of urban policies in the European context (in terms of contents, methodology, tools, governance...)? To what extent EU urban policies can be read as a fertile hybridization process of different planning practices and styles all over EU?
5. What are the main elements of the current action framework of EU policy and what are the future prospects?
Moving from these general questions the course will be composed of three modules dedicated to illustrate:
- Reconstructing the emergence and consolidation of an urban dimension in EU policies (6 lectures). The course will focus on the role of the urban dimension in a historical perspective, reconstructing its history in the framework of the whole EU integration project. it will reconstruct the complex process of construction of a EU competence on spatial planning and the urban policy field. The first part of the course will analyse EU cohesion policies, which explicitly address territorial issues and envisage also urban development concerns to be object of the direct EU policy action. Being not a core and formal aim and competence of the EU, these policies are actually rather new but still expanding under the pressure of the enlargement process and the risk of divergent development path among and within Member States. In particular, it will analyse the conflictual introduction of the spatial planning dimension inside the EU agenda, from the European Spatial Development Perspective (1999) to the Territorial Agenda 2020 (2011). Then it will present a critical overview of key elements of different season of EU urban policies, discussing expectations and outcomes, reconstructing the critical debate. Iit will finally analyse the current framework of the Cohesion Policy (2014-2020) and explore the innovation produced by the so-called ‘integrated approach of development’ perspective and the "place-based" approach. At the same time it will provide elements to introduce the new programming period 2020-2026, currently under discussion, while the EU Urban Agenda and specific urban initiatives lile "Urban innovative actions" are under implementation, based on the 2014-2020 framework (see in particular https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/urban-agenda).
- Exploring Urban policy across EU (4 lectures). The second module of the course will be dedicated to illustrate, through several case studies, different approaches in the European context to urban policy: a cycle of seminars, with couples of international scholars, will focus on the illustration of different national contexts (France, UK, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Poland, Sweden), with the aim of understanding specificities, divergences and convergences in terms of urban policy and agenda all over Europe. Particular attention will be paid to analysing the impact of differentiated institutional setting, governance and planning cultures, in developing urban policy in different member States. In particular, invited guest will be asked to illustrate the current situation, exploring positive and negative interactions between EU-led policies and the local urban policy tradition, if any. All over EU in fact Member States during the last century have adopted different approaches, with an explicit or implicit, direct or indirect urban policy. In some States no traces of urban policy promoted by the national level can be detected. The exploration of different cases will also take in considerations the current process promoted at UN Level, within the Habitat III conference, which has delivered the so called "New Urban agenda", signed at international level, whch provide even a wider framework for coordination in the field of urban policy (see in particular http://habitat3.org/the-new-urban-agenda/).
- Experiencing the impact of current EU urban policy: "Urban Innovative Action" (5 lectures). The third and last part of the course will be dedicated to digging in depth the current EU promoted initiative named "Urban Innovative Action": funded under the 2014-2020 cohesion policy, it aims at fostering innovation in the urban policy field, based on the capacity of cities to interpret new policy problems and urban question and experiment and develop new solutions. Eu resources support cities in a process of experimentation at local level, whose results are expected to be transferable in other similar contexts and situations all over EU. In particular students will have the opportunity to study a case, based in the city of Milan, with field visit and thourgh meetings with stakeholders involved (see in particular http://www.uia-initiative.eu/en).
On the base of this last experience they will be finally asked to analyse other cases of Urban Innovatie Actions all over EU, and develop a final critical review dedicated to illutrate contents, aims, main innovative elements in terms of policy design and implementation developed under the "Urban Innovative Action" programme. This final module is meant to give students the opportunity to get in touch with current practices of EU promoted urban policy, understanding mechanims and developing knowledge and expertise to be used once being involved, after the completion of their Master studies, as professionals or civil servants in a public administration engaged in similar Eu promoted processes.
The course is located in the second semester of the MSc path and is conceived to merge together students with different previous formative experiences and provide them both a common ground, though within a specific field. Therefore no specific prerequisites are required, but it is essential to have interest in the topic: the course is open also to students from othe Master courses, which are keen to develop specific attention to the urban and policy dimension.
Modalità di valutazione
For attending students, the course assessment will be based on the production of a case study critical review.
Drawing from the general contents of the course, students, organised in groyps of three will be asked to analyse cases of "Urban Innovatie Actions" all over EU, and develop a final paper dedicated to illutrate contents, aims, main innovative elements in terms of policy design and implementation developed under the "Urban Innovative Action" programme.
The case study critical review will be dedicated to discuss the role of cities in detecting societal challenges and their capacity of producing innovation with the support of Eu policy framework. In particular students will pay attention to problem setting and problem solving phases, as formulated in the original proposals candidated to the Urban innovative action initiative; the process of implementation, analysed in the light of expected results and lesson to be learnt at both local and Eu level.
Students will develop the critical review in the form of a paper and will be asked to present it in a final seminar at the end of the semester.
For not attending students (i.e. attendance rate lower than 70%), there will be regular exam written sessions and the program will include the full textbooks (see the reading materials section).
Van den Berg L., Braun E. (eds), National Policy Responses to Urban Challenges in Europe, Editore: Ashgate, Anno edizione: 2007, ISBN: 987-075464846X Note:
selected chapters will be indicated
Kazepov Y. (ed.), Cities of Europe: Changing Contexts, Local Arrangement and the Challenge to Urban Cohesion, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, Anno edizione: 2011, ISBN: 978-1405121323 Note:
selected chapters will be indicated
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese