Metropolitan Approach for RIO de Janeiro: geographical tools & metropolitan food and water system analysis for the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Acupuncture Projects (A.Contin)
The course presents a metropolitan vision, aiming at the improvement of the Practice of the Metropolitan Discipline with new competences of shaping and re-shaping the metropolis. It takes an interdisciplinary approach, integrating various disciplinary knowledge, transversal management skills, dealing with the metropolitan complexity and fragmentation. It also intends to bridge the gap between the theory and practice by specifying the metropolitan needs and gaps in the practice and define the intellectual tools to overcome them.
Questions of research
- How the resilient articulation of the interface between the city and nature can promote the quality of dwelling of citizens and ensure the human well-being within the metropolis?
- how to create new job opportunities for local population?
- how to preserve the biological reserve, landscape, fresh water and environment dealing with an agricultural settlements project?
- how to monitor and strategically manage the urban and economic development, especially in the informal part of the city?
Students will take part in lectures coordinated by several tutors and invited professors and will work on their design proposals related to the assigned two sites: Município de Nova Iguaçu (Reserva Biológica do Tinguá) and Barra de Guaratiba (Parco Estadual da Pedra Branca). Researches as well as design proposals will engage several dimensional scales (Metropolitan- region, Urban- city, Local- from neighbourhood to building systems) and will relate to post-industrial landscapes and processes of urban metabolic change.
Apply evidence-based approaches for assessing the compliance of the municipal land use plan with the ecosystem conservation and restoration model through new built form types based on ecosystem- based approach model.
Project Sites and Topics
1) Município de Nova Iguaçu (Reserva Biológica do Tinguá): The site is related to the Reserva Biológica do Tinguá. The municipality has two huge green vacant spaces in middle of the city where a good organic agriculture is provided by small family producers. The Danone has installed there a fresh water treatment plant. The Municipality has to define a synergy within the idea to become the new Reserva Biológica do Tinguá’s Gate and the aim to reinforce its organic agriculture vocation defining also a logistic hinge point that can connect the Tinguà Valley Archipelago with the Nova Iguaçu and Rio de Janeiro city metropolitan grid.
2) Barra de Guaratiba (Parco Estadual da Pedra Branca): it is a protected area inside Rio with almost 2 wild beaches and they want to transform it into a National Park (rules of a national park into a metropolitan centrality), trying to formalise the informal settlements that illegally are occupying the area. The project topic can be related to eco, sustainable tourism.
Part of the course is dedicated to the topic of innovative tools for the Metropolitan Existing Situation Analysis (MESA). Metropolitan Cartography is a transdisciplinary mapping tool allowing us to simplify the metropolitan complexity with the vision of the project. The innovative course will provide basic knowledge in urban data, QGIS, remote sensing, and multicriteria decision analysis in a flip-course format for the technical advancement of students. In-class part of the session will provide discourse on how the technology can be utilized to describe a specific topic related to the project. It is an active participatory process so students will have a questionnaire before to be engaged in the class.
Multicriteria Analysis and Project Appraisal (A.Pandolfi)
More specifically, the course addresses the following topics:
- Basic concepts of Project Appraisal;
- Principal methodologies for Project Appraisal, namely Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Cost-Benefit Analysis and Multicriteria Analysis;
- MCA methodological steps: value functions, weight assessment, aggregation techniques, sensitivity analysis and results presentation;
- MCA in the real world case studies: examples in different assessment fields.
The project aims to develop a protocol to define metropolitan projects through the analysis and interpretation of the geographical and historical food system of the Rio de Janeiro using the concept of the circular economy, and particularly emphasizing the water system and its impact on the physical construction of the metropolitan city.
1) Use evidence-based approaches to identify ecosystems that have important contributions to the water supply and quality in the metropolis
2) Identify causes of ecosystem loss and degradation, including the impact of urban sprawl, agricultural expansion, industrial activities, climate change and other major drivers
3) Identify metropolitan architecture and design methodology, usisng and testing the Urban Rural Linkage Guiding Principle provided by UN-Habitat to conserve and restore the most essential ecosystems for maintaining water supply and quality at the urban and metropolitan architectural scale
Multicriteria Analysis and Project Appraisal (A.Pandolfi)
The expected learning outcomes include: Understanding advantages and limitations of m
ain project appraisal techniques; Understanding the key principles of MCA; Skills in using a MCA software; Gaining first-hand experience by applying MCA to a design studio project.
The teaching method is based on theoretical lectures, group discussions and hands-on exercises using the software DEFINITE (DEcisions on a FINITE set of alternatives.
A project work will be developed by students in order to apply MCA combined with other, both monetary and not, evaluation techniques to explore the role of evaluation for structuring complex decision problems and giving final recommendations.
Quantify return on investment (ROI) of conservation and restoration solutions, in terms of water provision and quality, and collateral benefits such as flood mitigation, tourism, and carbon sequestration:
First part: Risk analysis and definition of relative mitigation by identifying (through analysis and mapping at appropriate scale - not necessarily just local) at least the following elements: Analysis of the general economic conditions of the country;
Second part: assessment of ecosystem services value considering the state of art and the state of project resulting from the proposed methodology;
Third part: Life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) considering Initial Investment Cost (one-time start-up costs), Operation Cost (annual costs), Maintenance costs, Repair costs, Replacement Cost, and Residual Value (value of facility at end of study period).