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Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430
Docente Aliverti Andrea
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - MI (363) INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA*AZZZZ051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (478) NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA NUCLEARE*AZZZZ051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (471) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA*AZZZZ055146 - BIOINSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENTS - BIOE 430
050494 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION 2
050493 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION 1 - BIOE 430
096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (476) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA*AZZZZ051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (481) COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA INFORMATICA*AZZZZ051145 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 430

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The aim of the course is to analyze and review the physical and chemical fundamental principles of the sensors and technologies used in biomedical sensors and instrumentation. The characteristics and technical features of different families of sensors and the main methods for their conditioning are shown. Clinical instrumentation is also analyzed and reviewed, with particular attention to clinical laboratory measurements, imaging systems and monitoring equipment.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

The course will allow the student to:

a) know the physical and chemical fundamental principles and the technologies used in biomedical sensors and instrumentation;

b) know the principal methods for sensor conditioning;

c) be able to determine which sensors, transducers and measurement instruments are more suitable for a given biomedical application;

d) evaluate the characteristics and technical features of a sensor or an instrument;

e) be able to implement a simple biomedical measurement device including a sensor, a front-end circuit, an interface with a PC, a software for virtual instrumentation.


Argomenti trattati

Sensors and Instrumentation technologies.

Biomedical sensors: classification.

Principles of measurement: photoelectric, termoresistive, termoelectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric, piezoresistive, magnetic, radiation-induced effects;  adsorbance and absorbance of chemical species.

Technologies: semiconductors, ceramics, polymeric films, optical fibres.

Structures: impedance (resistive and capacitive sensors of light, force, position, acceleration, magnetic field), diode (photodiodes), transistor (MOSFET, ISFET), self generating (piezoelectric, pyroelectric and electrochemical sensors), optical fibers (step index, graded index, core- e cladding-based sesnors, interferometric sensors).

Applications in medicine and biology of electromagnetic, thermic, mechanical,  chemical, radiation and optical sensors.

Technology of electronic instrumentation. Structure of a measurement system. Interface with the sensor, signal conditioning, A/D conversion.

Clinical Instrumentation. 

Clinical laboratory measurements Spectrometric instruments (absorption, fluorescence, optical emission spectrometry; UV, visible, NIR, IR and Raman spectrometry; NMR; mass spectrometry). Separation instruments (chromatography, electrophoresis). Imaging instruments (optical, confocal and atomic force microscopy). Electrochemical instruments (Potentiometry, Voltammetry, Conductimetry).

Imaging systems Endoscopy. Computed Radiography. Computed Tomography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Nuclear Medicine (Scintigraphy, PET, SPECT). Medical Ultrasonography. 

Monitoring equipment Monitors for anaesthesia and critical care medicine. Invasive and noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring  (blood pressure, blood flow and volume, cardiac output). Respiratory monitoring (airflow, lung volumes and pressure, gas concentration and transport). Monitoring of motor and nervous system, digestive and excretory system. 

 

LAB ACTIVITIES

A series of Lab activities constitutes a part of the Course.
Students, divided into groups of 4-6 people, will have to develop a project (under the guidance of the Tutors)
The groups will have to design a system composed by
- a simple circuit for the analog conditioning of a given sensor (e.g. potentiometer, NTC, strain-gauge, pressure sensor, photodiode, etc.. )
- an Arduino-based platform for A/D convertion and communication with a PC
- a SW application, developed in Processing, for data acquisition and processing (virtual-instrumentation)


Prerequisiti

Students are required to know the basic principles of electronics.


Modalità di valutazione

The final exam is constituted by a final report and demo of the lab’s project (max grade 4/30), a written test (max grade 27/30) and a final oral exam.

The oral exam can be taken only if the written exam’s grade is at least 18/27 and the final evaluation of the lab’s project is at least 1.5/4.

The final grade will be assigned at the end of the oral exam.

 


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSlides of the lectures and exercises (available on Beep)
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaPallàs-Areny R, Webster JG, Sensors and signal conditioning
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaFraden J, Handbook of Modern Sensors: Physics, Designs, and Applications.
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaWebster J., Medical Instrumentation. Application and design.
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaHarsanyi G, Sensors in biomedical applications: fundamentals, technology and applications.
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaP.Wang, Q. Liu., Biomedical Sensors and Measurement

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
60:00
90:00
Esercitazione
20:00
30:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
20:00
30:00
Totale 100:00 150:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
14/12/2019