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Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 097618 - APPLIED RADIOCHEMISTRY A+B
Docente Mariani Mario
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (478) NUCLEAR ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA NUCLEARE*AZZZZ097618 - APPLIED RADIOCHEMISTRY A+B
097717 - APPLIED RADIOCHEMISTRY A
097718 - APPLIED RADIOCHEMISTRY B

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The course is offered in a 10-CFU version (Applied Radiochemistry A+B), and as two separated 5-CFU courses (Applied Radiochemistry A, Applied Radiochemistry B). Among the offered subjects, a tailored 5-CFU course program could be also agreed with the lecturer, considering the student's previous background.

The courses builds on basic and applied principles and concepts of Radiochemistry, Nuclear Chemistry and Radiation Chemistry for basic and applied research in several fields (nuclear, chemical and materials engineering, decommissioning, medicine, biology, radioprotection, dosimetry). An overview on inorganic, organic, physical and nuclear chemistry is offered to straighten the students background knowledge. The courses are designed to help students develop a deeper understanding on several interdisciplinary aspects of nuclear engineering.

Teaching activities include frontal lectures improved by active student participation and experimental laboratory sessions. Some visit to external nuclear, radiochemical and irradiation facilities could be organized.

Applied Radiochemistry A

The course aims at giving students the fundamentals of Chemistry and Nuclear Chemistry for radiochemical applications. Nuclear instability and radiation-matter interaction are reassessed in order to understand mutual effects and influence on the external electrons and the chemical properties of materials involved in nuclear decays/reactions. Properties of radionuclides are discussed in view of synthesis and applications as radiotracers to study several physico-chemical phenomena and analytical methods. Fission Products, Lanthanides and Actinides chemistry is introduced to lay the foundations for understanding partitioning strategies and processes involved in nuclear fuel cycle.

Applied Radiochemistry B

The course aims at giving students the fundamentals of the Chemistry and Radiation Chemistry for radiochemical applications. Radiation Chemistry is a self-consistent discipline for basic and applied research in several fields (engineering, chemistry, medicine, biology, …). Ionizing radiation and radiation-matter interactions are reassessed in order to understand effects of ageing, chemical modifications and degradation in materials for nuclear, medical and industrial applications. Sources of ionizing radiations are considered for studying radio-induced modifications on materials and systems. Radiation Chemistry, by means of ionizing radiation, offers an unusual chemical reagent for the synthesis of new useful materials.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

Applied Radiochemistry A

At the end of the course the student should:

  • know and understand that radioactive decays or nuclear reactions are nuclear phenomena regarding not only the involved nuclei but also able to influence or to be influenced by the electronic and chemical surrounding
  • understand, identify and foresee potential applications of radionuclides and ionizing radiation in several scientific and technological fields
  • take advantage by the interdisciplinary radiochemistry approach and the background in chemistry to have a new vision of several aspects concerning nuclear engineering
  • be able to approach and critically examine new strategies for supporting sustainable nuclear facilities

Applied Radiochemistry B

At the end of the course the student should:

  • acquire a new vision on radiation-matter interaction and understand phenomena and the main radiolytic mechanisms involved during irradiation
  • be able to foresee radiation damage/modifications and to calculate quantitative production or consumption of species
  • critically understand radiation yields, dose and dose rate effects of different radiation sources and their potential applications in chemical dosimetry
  • be able to predict and design proper radio-analytical procedures for identify and determine radionuclides in contaminated matrixes
  • take advantage by the interdisciplinary radiation chemistry approach and thanks to a chemical background for having a new vision of several aspects of nuclear engineering

Argomenti trattati

Applied Radiochemistry A

Chemistry/Nuclear Chemistry propaedeutic topics focused on applied radiochemistry: overview on inorganic, organic, physical and nuclear chemistry.

Chemical effects by nuclear processes: recoil and excitation effects, Szilard-Chalmers reaction and practical applications.

Nuclear effects by chemical processes/properties: isotopic effect, modifications of decay constants and X and γ energies, Mössbauer effect and Mössbauer spectroscopy.

Radionuclides for Radiochemical Application: radioelements, artificial radionuclides, properties and manipulations, use of radiotracers and labelled compounds.

Fission Products Lanthanides and Actinides:  electronic configuration of FPs, LNs and ACs, main chemical-physical properties and specific characteristics, hydro-/pyro-chemistry for Nuclear Fuel Cycle and waste management.

Applied Radiochemistry B

Chemistry/Radioactivity/Nuclear Reactions propaedeutic topics focused on applied radiochemistry: overview on inorganic, organic, physical and nuclear chemistry.

Nuclear reactions for Radionuclides Synthesis: target nuclei and projectiles for synthesis of radionuclides useful for radiochemical and radiation chemistry applications, Super Heavy Elements (SHEs) and the extended periodic table.

Exotic atoms and molecules: hot atoms, quasi-atoms and molecules, positron, positronium and Positron Annihilation Techniques (PALS, DBARLS).

Analytical Radiochemical Methods: natural radioactivity, neutron/particle/photon activation analyses (NAA-PGNAA, CPAA, PAA), XRF, isotopic dilution analysis methods, radiometric methods, carriers.

Radiation chemistry: ions, high energy electrons, excited species, tracks in different irradiated matters and for different kind of ionizing radiations, irradiation sources.

Radiolysis: radiolytic species, radio-induced modification on materials, radiation yields, chemical dosimetry for medical and industrial applications.


Prerequisiti

The prerequisites are the basic knowledge on undergraduate chemistry, physics and nuclear science.


Modalità di valutazione

The evaluation consists in an oral examination. It aims at verifying knowledge and understanding of the course topics and also at evaluating the capability of applying this knowledge with an interdisciplinary approach to complex questions involved in nuclear engineering and concerning Radiochemistry, Radiation Chemistry, Radiometric Methods and Nuclear Wastes Managements.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaHANDSOUT and NOTES of the course lectures will be provided by the lecturer
Note:

a useful didactical support

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaC. Keller, RADIOCHEMISTRY, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, New York, Anno edizione: 1988
Note:

for a quick and elementary approach to radiochemistry

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaK.H. Lieser, NUCLEAR AND RADIOCHEMISTRY: FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS, Editore: VCH, New York, Anno edizione: 1997
Note:

for a comprehensive and detailed discussion of most of radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry topics

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaR.J. Woods, A.K. Pikaev, APPLIED RADIATION CHEMISTRY: RADIATION PROCESSING , Editore: Wiley, New York, Anno edizione: 1994
Note:

for a detailed discussion of some topics on basic and applied radiation chemistry; some chapters (2-4-5-10-11) are recommended


Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
70:00
105:00
Esercitazione
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
30:00
45:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 100:00 150:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
16/07/2020