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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 091584 - ADVANCED MATERIALS
  • 091583 - NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS
Docente Del Zoppo Mirella Elvira Angela
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Modulo Di Corso Strutturato

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (471) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA*AZZZZ080434 - NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (486) ENGINEERING PHYSICS - INGEGNERIA FISICA*AZZZZ091584 - ADVANCED MATERIALS
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (491) MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY - INGEGNERIA DEI MATERIALI E DELLE NANOTECNOLOGIE*AZZZZ091584 - ADVANCED MATERIALS

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento
This course introduces the students to light-matter interactions in semiconductor micro- and nano-structures and metallic nanostructures.
Purpose of the course is the study of the effects of electron and light confinement on the optical properties of materials.
After a basic review of waves (electromagnetic and quantum mechanical) and semiconductors, various approaches to confine these waves will be described. Examples of devices employing such confinement will be considered. 
Particular attention will be devoted to the generation of light in semiconductors: spontaneous and stimulated emission, lasers, and light emitting diodes will be dealt with. Starting from a general description of the physics of lasers, the evolution from diode lasers to the last generation of nanotechnological (quantum cascade) lasers will be detailed.This will be complemented by the description of the most commonly employed fabrication technologies.
Finally, as an example of subwavelength optical confinement, plasmonics and some of its applications will be discussed.
 
 
 

 

 

 


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

After attending the course the students will be able to:

- introduce the fundamentals of light matter interaction

- relate the optical properties of materials to their structure and dimensionality

- know the basics of lasers

- understand how light can be guided and manipulated on the nanoscale

-apply the above described knowledge to the solution of numerical exercises


Argomenti trattati
The detailed program is as follows:
1. Basic properties of electromagnetic waves and quantum particles
2. Foundation of nanophotonics: wave optics vs. wave mechanics
    2.1 Isomorphism of the Schroedinger and Helmoltz equations
    2.2 Propagation over wells and barriers
    2.3 Propagation through a potential barrier: evanescent waves and tunneling
    2.4 Resonant tunneling in quantum mechanics and optics
3. Electrons and light in periodic structures
4. Quantum confinement effects on the optical properties of matter
5. Applications:
    5.1 Stimulated emission devices: lasers
    5.2 Semiconductor diode lasers and nanotechnological lasers
6. Nanofabrication techniques:
    6.1 Growth methods for two-dimensional nanostructures: Molecular Beam Epitaxy
    6.2 Nanolithography
7. Nanoplasmonics
    7.1 Optical response of materials: dieletrics and metals
    7.2 Surface Plasmon Polaritons at metal/dielectric interfaces
    7.3 Metal nanoparticles and Localized Surface Plasmons

Prerequisiti

A background in quantum physics and solid state physics is required as well as basic electromagnetic waves theory.

 


Modalità di valutazione

The examination is an oral discussion about the topics of the course.

The student must prove to master the physical concepts and be able to critically discuss the different issues making connections between related topics.

The concepts must be exposed in a clear and well organized logical sequence.

 


Bibliografia

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
32:30
48:45
Esercitazione
17:30
26:15
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 50:00 75:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
11/08/2020