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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 097746 - INDUSTRIAL HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS
Docente Castoldi Lidia , Visconti Carlo Giorgio
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Corso Integrato

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - MI (347) INGEGNERIA CHIMICA*AZZZZ097746 - INDUSTRIAL HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (472) CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA CHIMICA*AZZZZ097746 - INDUSTRIAL HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The goal of the course is to provide the skills and the knowledge for the comprehension and the quali-quantitative analysis of catalytic processes, including the methodologies involved in the preparation and characterization of catalytic materials.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

Lectures, laboratory experiences and numerical exercises will allow students to:

  • dentify all the step in the preparation method of a catalytic materials, related to specific cheractistics in the final product
  • Choose the best characterization technique to measure a specific property
  • Perform catalytic tests and kinetic analysis
  • Describe transport phenomena relevant to heterogeneous catalysis
  • Select the appropriate catalytic reactors and model it with ideal and real models
  • Understand the behavior of industrial catalytic reactors
  • Design industrial catalytic reactors
  • Apply the concept learned to understand the design criteria of industrial catalytic processes
  • Perform catalytic tests and kinetic analysis
  • Describe transport phenomena relevant to heterogeneous catalysis
  • Select the appropriate catalytic reactors and model it with ideal and real models
  • Understand the behavior of industrial catalytic reactors
  • Design industrial catalytic reactors
  • Apply the concept learned to understand the design criteria of industrial catalytic processes

Argomenti trattati

The course consists of lectures, numerical exercises, laboratory activity and visits to research laboratories.

  • Industrial catalysis: introduction to historical data on industrial catalytic processes, relevance of today's industrial catalysis and catalyst market, stages involved in the development of a catalytic process, perspectives and future developments of catalysis.
  • General characteristics of heterogeneous catalysts: role of a catalyst in a chemical reaction, properties of industrial catalysts, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, components of heterogeneous catalysts, crystal structures of heterogeneous catalysts.
  • Catalyst preparation: general overview of the preparation method for bulk catalysts and supports. Theory and practice of coprecipitaion, impregnation, sol-gel methods, and of other preparation methods. Unit operation for the preparation of heterogeneous catalysts.
  • Chemico-physical characterization of catalysts: General aspects on the characterization of bulk and supported catalysts. Morphological characterization: specific surface area and pore distribution. Adsorption techniques for the catalyst characterization: physical and chemical adsorption, models for adsorption isotherms, experimental techniques for the adsorption study. Spectroscopic and thermal techniques for the catalyst characterization: FTIR, Laser-Raman, UV-Vis, TG-DTA, DSC, XRD, EPR, SEM, TEM, ecc.. Chemical characterization: TPD, TPO, TPR, TPSR, ecc..
  • Kinetics of catalytic reactions: relevance of kinetic investigations in catalytic reactions. "Power law" kinetic equations, Langmuir - Hinshelwood formal models. Other kinetic models: Rideal, Redox. Limits of classical kinetic treatments. Microkinetic models.
  • Reaction and diffusion in heterogeneous catalysis: transport phenomena in heterogeneous catalysis, role of transport phenomena on the rate of a reaction, falsification of kinetics. Theoretical and experimental criteria to verify the presence of diffusional limitations.
  • Laboratory reactor: Reactors and equipment for measurement of catalytic activity and for kinetic analysis. Procurement of kinetic data from catalytic activity data.
  • Industrial reactors: types and characteristics of industrial catalytic reactors.
  • Catalyst deactivation: chemical and kinetic aspects of catalyst deactivation: poisoning, coking, sintering, masking. techniques to prevent deactivation. Regeneration of catalysts.
  • Examples of industrial catalytic processes: examples of heterogeneous catalytic processes of organic and inorganic industry and for environmental protection will be considered.

Prerequisiti

No pre-requisites are required


Modalità di valutazione

In the final oral exam, the student will be asked to:

  • demonstrate that he has acquired a correct approach to the catalyst preparation methods
  • apply methods and tools to correctly characterize the catalytic materials
  • explain how to select the proper lab-scale reactor for catalytic tests and kinetic measurements
  • explain how to design industrial reactors accounting for both intrinsic kinetics and transport phenomena
  • discuss the causes of catalysts deactivation
  • explain how to develop industrial catalytic processes
  • demonstrate his level of comprehension and his skills in quali-quantitative analysis of catalytic processes used in the industrial chemistry, environmental protection, energy-sector and other

Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaI. Chorkendorff, J. Niemantsverdriet, Concepts of modern catalysis and kinetics, Editore: Wiley-VCH, Anno edizione: 2017, ISBN: 978-3-527-31672-4 https://www.wiley.com/en-it/Concepts+of+Modern+Catalysis+and+Kinetics,+3rd+Edition-p-9783527332687
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaRoel Prins, Anjie Wang, Xiang Li, Introduction to heterogeneous catalysis, Editore: Word Scientific, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 978-1-78634-080-1 https://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/q0035
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaMatthew Davidson, Richard Catlow, Christopher Hardacre, Nicholas Turner, Paul Collier, Modern Development in Catalysis, Editore: Graham Hutchings (Editor), Word Scientific, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 978-1-78634-121-1 https://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/q0035

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
65:00
97:30
Esercitazione
17:30
26:15
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
17:30
26:15
Laboratorio Di Progetto
0:00
0:00
Totale 100:00 150:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
21/01/2020