Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1187) LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE. LAND LANDSCAPE HERITAGE
051464 - LANDSCAPE AND INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN STUDIO
The studio proposes a formative path rooted in the experience of landscape design, with a focus on the relationship between landscape, infrastructures, settlments criteria and water management . The project is here considered as a tool to comprehend, interpret and transform the region under observation. The project is, thus, concurrently a knowledge tool and a guide to transformation.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
Training the ability to elaborate interpretation and to propose solutions at different design scales is one of the major aims of design exercise. Contrasting an approach which unpack complexity through a reading from the general to the particular, we will help student’s attention to focus on the interdependency of design scales in interpreting complex and stratified processes of transformation.
Water, land form and territorial resources. The Polesine region
Between large metropolitan regions and fragile countryside European territory has recently been the subject of relevant and interdependent transformation. Increasing urbanization in major metropolitan regions, and concurrently the development of large infrastructural networks are fostering the image of a strong polarization within the European territory. On one side, urbanized regions are considered as the place of “congestion” and concentration of all the flux (of people, goods, informations). Large metropolitan regions seem to be characterized by the convergence and superimposition of the infrastructural endowment more than by a specific urban form. By contrast, the urbanized countryside, strongly rooted in its geographic form, appears as a land systematically passed over by the infrastructural network and thus overlooked by change. These slow landscapes or quiet zones are frequently described as peripheral as well as untouched or unspoiled, lacking any value if not their natural landscape, which by contrast is easily disrupted by urbanization. Contrasting this image, we propose a different reading: interpreting contemporary urban territory as a network of diverse landscapes, strongly interlinked and interdependent. “Parts” characterized by their internal logic, by diverse levels of urbanization density and infrastructure endowment, concurrently form a unique space, the support of our daily existence.The shift between metropolitan region, small city centres with their peripheries and urbanized countryside it is not so easy to define, in this contest. We are discussing the clear distinction between metropolitan region and “fragile” or untouched landscape, pairing it with a more blurred description: critically confronting the multiple relation between infrastructure and urbanization, between environmental resources and settlements criteria, between emerging activities ( with a specific focus on tourism) and social and economic development.
The Polesine region The case study area confronts us with an exemplary territorial situation. the “Polesine” region is a vast “natural” landscape in between three major metropolitan regions of Milano, Bologna and Venezia/Padova. It is the last segment of the Po valley, where the river is closer to sea. Some of the general theme emerging from a close reading of the Polesine region will be of specific interest: First, a strong relation between settlements criteria and water regulation has always characterized the region. Agricultural landscape has always been subject to the violence of river shifting and a relevant deposit of man-made artefacts are there to bear witness of the vital relevance of water defence. The resulting territory can be considered as “fragile” confronting with hydrogeological, social and economic condition. Demography, as well, has always corresponded to the rhythm of river floods, with periods of increasing population followed by the sudden expulsion, and long distance migration, due to large flooding. Rivers, were a constant threat but also an obvious opportunity for work and development. While flooding are still a problem, as the water collected by the Po Valley is increasing, students will also consider the effect of rising sea levels and its relevance to the region.
On the background of this historically relevant relation with water, students will analyse urbanization structure and morphology, as well as the fine grain of the agricultural landscape and its recent transformation according to technological changing in production, dismissal of smaller productive sites and transformation in land use. A relevant deposit of old and dismissed artefacts: pump stations, canals and canal locks, train stations and sugar production plants, is marking the territory and asking for a new meaning. What to do with all these past artefacts so clearly part of a large scale territorial system? Is tourism the right choice, able to give a new life and economy to the region heritage?
In the last decades the region, characterized by ah high number of small municipality, has achieved a good standard in communal facilities and services: schools, sports ground etc, are frequently overabundant confronting with the cost of their maintenance. Nonetheless, public space is not effective in supporting community life. The number of underused or abandoned facilities is a clear sign of the necessity to reconsider the very idea of welfare state implemented in the region, as it seems inconsistent with population distribution and needs.
Finally, the countryside, appearing as an unspoiled nature reserve, has recently been the object of a renewed interest from tourist operators, as well as, from the general public both traditionally stacked to the coastline and to maritime facilities. While “nature” is frequently identified with the Po river and its immediate surrounding, the presence of a vast - and critical - agricultural landscape, can be considered as an interesting territorial research to be enhanced and developed, reconsidering altogether tourist strategies and territorial development.
The Polesine region, is a study area presenting specific features strongly relating to the issue and problems dealt within the lessons. The complex stratification of man-made and natural transformation in the past, as well as the recent processes of change, re-use or abandonment will foster a critical understanding of the site. Students will be introduced to the necessity of an analytical comprehension of territorial phenomena and a synthetic reconstruction of design problems and perspectives through design practice and experience. Finally, the design of the actual and concrete space of the city and territory is considered in this studio as major instrument which urban design and planning hold to confront with society aims and desires. Through the prefiguration of actual space, urbanism has the possibility to foster a discussion about the future of our living environment. Social, economic and process aspects of transformation will be dealt with, as an integral part of design process.
The studio didactic structure is composed by lessons, seminar and workshop. The workshop activity is divided in three phases: in the first phase students will get acquainted with study area, in the second phase students will propose their design strategy which will be implemented and better defined in the third phase. At the end of each phase students will be asked to present their work in public sessions.
No entry requirements
Modalità di valutazione
The exam consist in the final work presentation. Students, working in small groups, are expected to present their proposal with a slideshow, they will also produce a restricted number of A1 panels and an A4 booklet.
Evaluation is individual. Students will be evaluated according to the following criteria. (list order is non hierarchical) - students’ capacity to discuss their design objectives and choices and to critically address issues related to the transformation of contemporary urban environment. - students' ability to communicate their work in a clear and appropriate way. Drawing and linguistic accuracy in all design process will be especially evaluated. - engagement in the workshop activities including lectures, seminars and group discussions. learning skills in terms of autonomy and self-organization ability. - appropriate knowledge of the assigned bibliography and individual ability of critical elaboration. The exam will be public.
Bignami D.F., Rosso R., Flood proofing buildings, Anno edizione: 2013
Macchi Cassia, Cesare, Martina Orsini, Nicolo' Privileggio, Marialessandra Secchi, XMilano, Editore: Hoepli, Milano, Anno edizione: 2004
Ezechieli C,, Landscape Stems: The Impact of Landscape Culture Over Architectural Thought, Editore: Editore: Politecnica, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 978-88387-6037-3
Rosso, R., Il Bisagno fiume nascosto, Editore: Marsilio, Anno edizione: 2014
Secchi, B., Prima lezione di urbanistica, Editore: Laterza, Bari, Anno edizione: 2000
Secchi, Bernardo, La citta del ventesimo secolo, Editore: Laterza, Bari, Anno edizione: 2004
Corboz, Andre', Ordine sparso, Editore: Franco Angeli, Milano, Anno edizione: 1998
Meijsmans, Nancy (ed), Designing for a region, Editore: Sun Academia, Amsterdam, Anno edizione: 2010
Waldheim, Charles, Landscape as urbanism: a general theory, Editore: Princeton University Press, Anno edizione: 2016
Corner , James and Alison B. Hirsh (eds), The landscape imagination, Collected essays of James Corner 1990-2010, Editore: Princeton Architectural Press,, Anno edizione: 2014
Agnoletto, Matteo e Marco Guerzoni (a cura di), La campagna necessaria. Un'agenda d'intervento dopo l'esplosione urbana, Editore: Quodlibet, Anno edizione: 2012
Fabian, Lorenzo e Paola Pellegrini (a cura di), On mobility, riconcettualizzazioni della mobilita' nella citta' diffusa, Editore: Marsilio, Venezia, Anno edizione: 2012
De Meulder, Bruno, Kelly Shannon, Water Urbanisms, Editore: SUN Publisher, Amsterdam, Anno edizione: 2008
De Meulder, Bruno, Kelly Shannon, Water Urbanisms EAST, Editore: Park Books, Zurich, Anno edizione: 2013
Berger, Alan, Systemic design can change the world, Editore: SUN Publisher, Amsterdam, Anno edizione: 2013
AA.VV., Il Po arteria di vita. Risanamento Navigazione Irrigazione,., Editore: Istituto Padano Arti grafiche, Rovigo, Anno edizione: 1991
Sereni, Emilo, Storia del paesaggio agrario italiano, Editore: Laterza, Bari, Anno edizione: 1961
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese