The course of Design Optioneering is offered with the aim to meet the challenge in design that comes from the digital era.
The digitalization process in engineering and architecture offers so many opportunities that it needs to be part of an organized learning process.
The course is divided in a theoretical part and a practical one.
The theoretical part is grounded on the theory of parametric design and integrated design. The bases are: the researches in parametric architecture of Luigi Moretti (1950’s); the concept of integrated design, based on the researches of Sir Ove Arup (1970’s).
The practical part is based on technologies and processes such as Computational Design and Building Information Modelling (BIM). A lot of new technologies, that follow the Hype Cycle of Gartner, are now arrived to the level of “plateau of productivity” and are integrated in the design environment, and will be analysed and applied during the course.
By stressing the relations between parametric, integrated design and digital technologies, a new methodology in design will be proposed. This new methodology, based on the researches of Dominik Holzer and Steven Downing, is named Design Optioneering.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
At the end of the course the students will be able to approach their design by using logical constraints between data and design. Design by data, will be the main goal achieved during the course.
The Design Optioneering methodology will be used with the purpose to design a small pavilions and to optimize small parts of building, like panels of façade, structures, spaces organization. The optimization process will be defined according to specific requirements that will be delineated at the beginning of the student projects.
Design Optioneering approach will be used by the students, in their professional career, with the aim to evaluate different options in design and optimize consciously their projects.
The bases of the Design Optioneering methodology will be provided by specific groups of lessons.
The groups of lessons can be summarized in:
Theory and methods of digital designs;
Computational design. It will be approached by teaching specifics parametric software:
Geometry simulation using Grasshopper
Environmentally simulation using Ladybug
Acoustic simulation using Pachyderm
Form-finding simulation using Kangaroo
Structural simulation using Karamba
Geometry simulation using Python
Exercises related to the use of those tools will be part of the course.
Mathematics, logic and computer science will help the students to develop their computational skills;
Digital fabrication: for the students it will be possible to use tools, such as 3d printers or cutting machine. The purpose will be to realize small mock up in the laboratory of Politecnico;
Mix reality: for the students it will be possible to use tools for the realization of virtual mock up;
The singles lessons will be focused on the topics below:
o Digitization of Architecture Engineering Construction (AEC) sector
o Cases studies
o Computational Design
o Computational Modelling
o Digital Fabrication
o Mixed Reality
o Data Modelling
o Design optioneering
The order of the topics above follows a cumulative knowledge logic.
Each lesson will be organised in three parts:
- the first part will be dedicated to the theory of the Design Optioneering methodology (Moretti, Arup, Oxman etc…);
- the second part will be focused on the use of software and tools;
- the third part will be dedicated to the students projects.
Special lessons, with experts of the topics treated during the course, will be organized.
A knowledge in visual programming is preferable but not needed. The basis of computational design will be provided.
Modalità di valutazione
Evaluation of the student: the exam will be based on a powerpoint presentation with oral presentation in group, an A3 book, a physical maquette amd augmented reality representation.
The evaluation of the students will be based on the group project and on the individuals exercices.
D. D'Uva, A. Vanossi et al, Handbook of Research on Form and Morphogenesis in Modern Architectural Contexts, Anno edizione: 2018, ISBN: 9781522539933
Pottmann H., Asperl A., Hofer M., Kilian A., Bentley D., Architectural Geometry, Editore: Bentley Institute Press, Exton, 2007, Anno edizione: 2007, ISBN: 978-1-934493-04-5
Oxman R., Theory and design in the first digital age, Editore: in â¿Design Studies, 2006, 27 (3)â¿, pp. 229-265, Anno edizione: 2006
Liotta S.J., Belfiore M., Patterns and Layering: Japanese Spatial Culture, Nature and Architecture, Editore: Die Gestalten Verlag, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 978-3-89955-461-8
Kuma K., Studies in Organic: Kuma & Associates, Editore: Toto, Tokyo, 2009, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-4887063051
Ceccato C., Hesselgren L., Pauly M., Pottmann H., and Wallner J., Advances in Architectural Geometry 2010, Editore: Springer, Wien, 2010, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-3-7091-0308-1
Holzer, D. and Downing, S., Optioneering: A New Basis for Engagement Between Architects and Their Collaborators, Editore: Archit Design, 80, 60-63, 2010, Anno edizione: 2010
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese