The course Heritage preservation fundamentals aims to introduce to the theme of conservation of the built heritage and to involve the students to understand how cultural heritage, opportunely protected and valorized, is an essential resource for the building of the city and landscape in the future. Topics of the course are: the concepts of monument, heritage, material culture, planned maintenance; the construction techniques of the historical buildings; the topics of preservation and reuse project. The teaching activities and exercises will stimulate the students to develop a critical approach to conservation project and to stratified cultural and material values it involves.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
At the end of the course the students are expected to know the meaning nowadays given to the heritage protection and its tools, especially in Italy thanks to its "culture of preservation" and they are expected to learn, also through an exercise, the methodological basic principles of analysis and conservation design of the historical buildings and built landscape.
Aim of the course
Aim of the course is to bring the students to approach the theme of conservation of the built heritage, following a process that leads to understanding how the legacy of the past - if appropriately protected and enhanced - can constitute a fundamental resource to be used in a conscious way. Its complexity should be taken into due account for the construction of the future city and landscape.
Basic definitions will be presented to give the students the possibility to understand what is commonly meant with the concepts of monument, cultural heritage, restoration, conservation, material culture, authenticity, memory, identity, etc. A method will be provided of reading both monumental architectures and diffused historical buildings and to promote a thorough knowledge of their most relevant structural and morphological aspects.
In particular, the main elements of traditional construction will be presented (foundations, columns, pilasters, arches, vaults, walls, roofs) and their interaction within different structural patterns. Addressing different historical periods, the importance of the choice of materials, the relationship between form and function, the rule of art will be particularly highlighted. Basic technical tools will be described, including elements of graphic and photographic survey, historical analysis through direct and indirect sources of information, methods of cataloguing bibliographic and archives sources.
The different contributions will be addressed to stimulate students to develop personal critical synthesis and to gain awareness of how a restoration project should be respectful of the cultural values and materials that have stratified over time on the built landscape, as well as related to innovation requirements dictated by contemporary needs.
Structure of the course
Ex cathedra lessons will be complemented by classroom activities, exercises and possible seminar initiatives. The course will include the visit to Milano monumental case studies. Each student will be involved in a tutorial focused on the study of a building which will be chosen in agreement with the teachers and will be the object of a written report. The assessment of the report, of which a detailed description will be given in the classroom, will be part of the exam.
Modalità di valutazione
The final mark will be based on the results of the following tests:
Written test - multiple choice theoretical questions on the course topics, including the contents of the bibliography and the lessons
Oral presentation - individual presentation of autonomous activities developed as part of the course
Evaluation of tutorial elaborates - discussion and evaluation of group activities
Adam Jean-Pierre, Roman Building: Materials and Techniques, ISBN: 978-0415208666 Note:
Ancient Romehttp://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/ancient_roman_homes.htmAncient wisdomBrandi Cesare, Theory of Restoration, Anno edizione: 2005
Glendinning Miles, The Conservation Movement: A History of Architectural Preservation. Antiquity to Modernity, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2013
Munoz Vinas, S., Contemporary theory of conservation, Editore: Abingdon: Routledge; New York, Anno edizione: 2011
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese