To promote the architectural design ability to manage the relations among materials, construction elements, techniques, environmental and functional requirements, building regulations, characteristics of the context. The project experience is applied to building of ‘controlled complexity’ as an exposition pavilion. This topic is developed along a design activity to acquire and to experiment the basic knowledge about:
- to give correct dimensions to living spaces, and to organise their morphological configuration;
- to define typological and distributive characteristics;
- to configure the technological systems and elements;
- to verify the build ability, as consequence of a design processes that facilitates the construction and utilization of the architecture.
Students are led in a gradual process of acquisition and application of methodological and operational tools required for the development of the project. This, in relation to the dimension of feasibility of construction, through guided exercises aimed at acquiring adequate capacity of analysis and synthesis. The design process is articulated through a series of steps:
- concept (definition of all the major characteristic and performances that the architecture must provide);
- design (implementation of the concept providing all the pieces of information necessary for administrative approval);
- project (implementation of the design providing all the pieces of information necessary for the construction).
Within these steps, the didactic activities will be focused on:
- the interpretation of paradigmatic projects with regard to the relationship among materials, design principles and architectural languages;
- the use and the management of an integrated system of constraints (environmental, regulatory, structural, constructing, etc.);
- the assessment and the selection among different spatial and techno-typological alternatives;
- the configuration of the construction details, studied in their material dimension and verified with regard to their feasibility;
- the representation of the project at the different scales, in relation to the specific needs of knowledge, reporting and verification.
Learning activities are configured through:
- lectures and seminars held by the teacher, with the contribution of external speakers;
- tutoring in the classroom;
- development of the design process, with verification of progresses at the different scales;
- supplementary activities extra classroom for the study, the graphics processing and research.
Forms of horizontal and vertical coordination of the key courses
The Building Technology Studios are organised in a system of horizontal and vertical coordination which involves the whole area of Architectural Technology in its various components.As for horizontal coordination, there is a permanent confrontation that has agreed and standardised for all the studios: design theme, size of the intervention, level of detail, methods and verification criteria.As for the vertical coordination, progressive learning strategies have been defined and will be constantly monitored, for a process of gradual acquisition of knowledge and skills. This process consists of training sessions related to: taking basic knowledge (Fundamentals of Technology) and their subsequent application in the design experience carried out in the Studios.
A systemic approach to technology
Advanced design tools assume a central role in the contemporary practice of architecture, both in the design and construction phases, expanding design potentiality and increasing control and precision over the arising complexity of the design process. Through digital design workflow, nowadays recognized as an international standard, the virtual model becomes an ideal playground where to perform design conceptualization and refinement within an iterative process of modelling, simulation and optimization. In this scenario it is fundamental to develop a holistic approach to technology in which innovative tools, fabrication techniques and emergent technologies are synergically conceived and applied to inform consistent design outputs, from the early stages to the definition of construction and performative characteristics of the architectural systems.
Following the idea of a design-driven learning process, the studio will be mainly organized around the architectural and construction design of an Building Pavilion for Milano EXPO 2015. Students will work in small groups and guided to create an original concept for an architecture of exhibition and its development into an architectural system successfully integrating spatial, performative, functional and technological aspects. Complementary activities will consist of theoretical lectures held by teachers and representatives of architecture and construction sector. Short exercises will introduce to design methodology and develop specific technical skills.
The architectural designis the result of a complex set of disciplines. In particular the integration of Environmental Hygiene will analyze and evaluate the iterations between Building, Environment and Health, defined by the WHO as the complete state of wellbeing, physical social and psychological.