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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2016/2017
Scuola Scuola di Architettura Urbanistica Ingegneria delle Costruzioni
Insegnamento 099291 - IC EU REGIONAL AND URBAN POLICY - JEAN MONNET COURSE
Docente Briata Paola Giuseppina , Fedeli Valeria , Lenzi Camilla , Pedrazzini Luisa Giovanna
Cfu 8.00 Tipo insegnamento Corso Integrato

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1017) ARCHITETTURA - ARCHITETTURA DELLE COSTRUZIONI***AZZZZ099291 - IC EU REGIONAL AND URBAN POLICY - JEAN MONNET COURSE
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1018) ARCHITETTURA - PROGETTAZIONE ARCHITETTONICA***AZZZZ099291 - IC EU REGIONAL AND URBAN POLICY - JEAN MONNET COURSE
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1098) URBAN PLANNING AND POLICY DESIGN - PIANIFICAZIONE URBANA E POLITICHE TERRITORIALI***AZZZZ099291 - IC EU REGIONAL AND URBAN POLICY - JEAN MONNET COURSE
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1136) ARCHITETTURA***AZZZZ099291 - IC EU REGIONAL AND URBAN POLICY - JEAN MONNET COURSE

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

 

The course is a special opportunity funded by the JEAN MONNET Program, which has the aim of fostering the introduction of a European Union angle into mainly non EU related studies and delivering tailor-made courses on specific EU issues relevant for graduates in their professional life. It will be offered to Master Students and Phd Students, mainly in the field of Spatial planning and Urban policy, but will be open also to other Politecnico Master Students. It will run every second semester for three consecutive years (2016-2017-2018) and is conceived aa a highly specialized and experimental module.


Content and purpose of the course


The aim of this course is to develop an advanced understanding on regional and urban policies by setting the analysis within the broader European Union’s policies context.
In particular, the course objective is twofold.

  1. 1) Raising awareness about the role of the EU in the general field of urban and regional planning and providing students with in-depth knowledge, critical and pragmatic abilities on core issues of the new EU 2014-20 programming period, enhancing their capacity to take advantage of the whole range of possible opportunities of innovation introduced in the urban and regional planning field. The module aims at developing students’ awareness of how the inputs provided by EU regional and urban policy, both at local and national level, can guarantee new legitimacy and effectiveness of public action in the field. The goals set by Europe 2020 Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth provide the framework to developing new integrated approach, with a focus on the urban dimension and social inclusion, supporting and giving a more active role to local communities and authorities. In this perspective, the module will focus on a selection of “keywords”, principles and operative tools promoted in the new programming period, by critically exploring their potentials of innovation. The lectures will be complemented by seminars aimed at providing students with the opportunity to meet international scholars to critically discuss the strategic role of EU in the field. These events will offer students an opportunity to get in touch with the most advanced debates in the field.
  2. 2) Training students as to enhance their capacity to support public authorities and local communities in the implementation of the new programming phase. Based on critical views of the innovative approaches promoted at the EU level, the course aims at training students as to prepare and submit projects under the EU regional policy framework as civil servants in the local bodies or experts supporting public institutions or local communities. These skills play a core role in supporting local authorities to implement EU regional policy, and will be considered as a core point in the educational program. The module will not provide only traditional lectures, but will be specifically focused on innovative and interactive training activities. Students will be involved in a workshop to develop a feasible competitive project proposal to be possibly submitted in the context of an EU regional policy funding opportunity.


To achieve this aims, the course is structured in two integrated modules as detailed below.

 

INTEGRATED MODULE 1 - EU SPATIAL PLANNING, ECONOMICS AND POLICIES

Camilla Lenzi and Luisa Pedrazzini ( 4 credits)


The aim of this first module of the course is to develop an advanced understanding of European spatial planning, territorial cohesion, economics and policies by setting the analysis within the broader European Union’s policies context. Introducing this dimension is crucial, when considering the increasing directing and leading role of European Union (EU) on single Member States and Regions’ initiatives, also at the local and urban scale and in the field of urban and regional policies.
In particular, the module’s objective is to explore the development of EU spatial and (now cohesion) policies in a historical perspective while emphasizing the underlying economic rationale, mechanisms, and dynamics.


This historical account will stress commonalities, differences and disparities across regions and cities in the Union. The acknowledgment of such heterogeneity and imbalances within the European space raises several questions to which the course aims at replying such as: What are the spatial effects of EU integration process and EU level (sectoral) policies, if any? How does the EU address and try to mitigate its internal disparities? What are the spatial impacts of the current EU financial and economic crisis? What is the role of (different types) of cities in the current economic dowturn? What is the role of regions in the future spatial development and global competition? What are the possible future territorial scenarios and what is their impact on the EU socioeconomic landscape? How sectoral (competitiveness) policies can be applied in a territorial context? How and in which direction will EU macro regions (e.g., Baltic, Danube, Jonian and Alpine) shape and affect the forthcoming features and configuration of Europe ?
The course will reply to these questions by focusing in particular on the following aspects: the EU Cohesion Policy and its evolution over time; the role of territorial cooperation in approaching common problems in a transnational way; the role of cities for EU socioeconomic performance; the territorial scenarios for the EU in the next decades; the debate around the spatial impacts of policies (i.e. are policies spatially blind or should they be place-based?); the impact of macro regions and the implementation of sectoral policies at the regional and urban level to achieve competitiveness and smart growth.


In order to achieve these goals, the discussion will:
• Introduce territorial dynamics, starting from the description of the spatial heterogeneity in the EU landascape and how EU regional policies have addressed commonalities, differences and disparities across regions and cities in the Union.
• Analyse different styles and approaches of member states on EU issues and in particular on territorial and spatial planning by investigating the role of different planning cultures and communities in Europe (e.g., Northern approach, Medioterrenean approach, …) and their participation in bulding up an European community on EU issues.
• Moving from the debate about the development, evolution and contents of Cohesion policies, propose an outlook on future territorial scenarios in the Union and what can be the role of Cohesion policies in this respect.
• Analyse the role of regions and macroregions as new actors of Eu terrritorial policy.
• Analyse the results and limits of the previous policies, also through case studies.
• Zoom on a specific thematic policy, i.e. competitiveness and innovation policy, and debate how such a sectoral/thematic policy can be applied in a regional context so to contribute to achieve the goal of smart growth as committed by the EU.
• Discuss the role (of different types) of cities with respect to the achievement of the EU 2020 strategy.Discuss the logic of territorial cooperation.
• Introduce the logic of place-based policies. These topics will feed the conclusions with a general reflection on the nature of regional policies, their effectiveness and capability to act on regional potentials and bottlenecks as recently proposed in the debate around place-based vs place-blind policies. Their effect on town, country and territorial planning.

 

INTEGRATED MODULE 2 - EUROPEAN CITIES AND EU URBAN POLICY

Valeria Fedeli and Paola Briata ( 4 credits)


The aim of this second module is twofold: the first is to develop an advanced understanding of the urban phenomenon in Europe and of the state of European cities in the enlarged EU and to discuss the analytical challenges raised to EU institutions in this respect when financing urban research and policies. The second is to explore the development of the EU urban question in an historical perspective, underlying the role that has been played and might be played by EU Urban Policy in the different member states and cities. The objective is to help the students to become reflective practitioners in this field, but also fostering the national and international debate on the opportunity and role of a EU promoted Urban Agenda.
The current debate on urban phenomena and urban question in Europe raises questions related to the object of EU urban policy, the tools and methodologies to be developed to cope with old and new urban challenges, the emerging actors in EU cities, the interplay between EU policies and the specificities of national approaches and contexts, the state of the debate on the European urban agenda, the opportunities brought by the new programming period. The course will address conceptual questions such as: is the current enlarged EU even more diversified than the original one, and is the specificity of the urban question more differentiated than in the past? How research tools such as ESPON or STATE OF EUROPEAN CITIES have been structured and which are they limits? How can new transnational collective actors such as Eurocities or Euricur be involved in urban policy development? Might urban policy play a more central role in the development of the European integration project? Which is the state of the art of the discussion on the European urban agenda, and how this debate is reflected in the national contexts? Which opportunities and tools may be mobilized in the new programming cycle?


The course will reply to these questions by focusing in particular on the following aspects: the specificities of the urban phenomena in enlarged Europe; the need for a reflection on methodologies and tools to identify the specificities of EU cities’ transformations (such as ESPON or the STATE OF EUROPEAN CITIES), as these past investments need to be updated to cope with new urban challenges; the need for a reflection on the role that might be played in developing urban policy both by citizens as well as by new transnational collective actors that are assuming crucial roles but out from any strategic perspective; the role of different national approaches in framing the European project and the impact, role and “success” of European policy at the local levels (material and immaterial actions; innovation in public action); the state of the art of the debate on the European urban agenda, as well as how this is (or not) reflected in the National Operational Programmes; the tools and opportunities offered by the current programming cycle with a particular but not exclusively attention to the Italian context and to some keywords for urban policy.


In order to achieve these goals, the discussion will:
• Introduce the (new) urban question with reference to old and enlarged Europe;
• Discuss the new challenges and tools for urban research promoted by the EU;
• Focus on new urban actors and networks of actors;
• Unpack some keywords and tools related to the new programming period;
• Analyze the role of National Partnership Agreements in shaping the EU policies and vice-versa;
• Discuss the role of strategic planning and metropolitan governance in EU Cities.
During the whole course, students will be involved in workshop activities to develop a feasible competitive project proposal to be possibly submitted in the context of an EU regional policy funding opportunity. The teaching staff will cooperate with local authorities to lead the students to select a topic and a case to become a target of the preparation of the proposal. Field visits, brainstorming with public administration, meetings with the stakeholders and EU officers are planned to feed the students’ learning and design activities.


Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

Evaluation

Regarding the module on EU Spatial Planning, Economics and Policies the evaluation will be based on a research paper, to be presented in class, aimed at reconstructing the role and impact (if any) of European (regional) policies in a selected NUTS2 European region or on a specific issue presented during the course. Presentations will take place in the first week of May. The final schedule of presentations will be fixed during the course.

 

Students will receive guidance and support in deploying the knowledge acquired during the lectures and seminars as to develop the research paper.

 

Regarding the module on European cities – EU urban policies. New challenges and tools for action, the evaluation will be based on the presentation of the results of project work, as well as on the discussion on the seminars’ contents, and of a list of texts presented during the course.

Students will receive guidance and support in deploying the knowledge acquired during the lectures and seminars as to develop a project work based on the framework of Urban Innovative Actions [http://www.uia-initiative.eu/] or URBACT programme.

 Main References

Key-readings will be suggested during the course’s lectures and seminars. The following journal articles and books may serve to as a preliminary background.

Barca F., 2009, “An Agenda for a Reformed Cohesion Policy: A Place-based Approach to Meeting European Union Challenges and Expectations” (Independent report prepared at the request of Danuta Hübner, Commissioner for Regional Policy).

CEC (Commission of the European Communities), 1999, ESDP-European Spatial Development Perspective: Toward a Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Union, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

CEC (Commission of the European Communities), 2008, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee. Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion. Turning territorial diversity into strength. Brussels, 6.10.2008 COM(2008) 616 final http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy

European Commission, 2010, European Commission, Europe 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, 2010a, http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm

Faludi A., Waterhout B., 2002, The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective. No Masterplan, Routledge, London/New York.

Pedrazzini L. 2006, The process of territorial cohesion in Europe, Franco Angeli/DIAP, Milano

Pedrazzini L. (Edited with L, Akiyama Satiko Renata ), 2011,  From Territorial Cohesion to the New Regionalized Europe . RIMINI:Maggioli Editore

Territorial Agenda, 2007, Territorial Agenda of the European Union: Towards a More Competitive and Sustainable Europe of Diverse Regions. Agreed on the occasion of the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Urban Development and Territorial Cohesion in Leipzig on 24/25 May 2007.


Bibliografia

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
lezione
41.0
esercitazione
41.0
laboratorio informatico
0.0
laboratorio sperimentale
0.0
progetto
0.0
laboratorio di progetto
0.0

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
28/02/2020