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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2016/2017
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 095912 - ADVANCED THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMOECONOMICS
Docente Colombo Emanuela
Cfu 8.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (477) ENERGY ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA ENERGETICA*AZZZZ095912 - ADVANCED THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMOECONOMICS
052269 - ADVANCED THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMOECONOMICS FOR ENG4SD
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - BV (479) MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA GESTIONALE*AZZZZ095912 - ADVANCED THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMOECONOMICS

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

Objectives and contents of the course

After an extensive overview about the global energy situation and the main challenges in energy sector, both renewable and non-renewable primary energy sources are presented in terms of reserves, availability, needs and demand forecasts. The primary energy conversion to final demand for electric energy and heat is then presented. Moreover, the primary and electric energy balances of countries are analyzed and deepened. The first part of the course is devoted to a general overview of the energy sector, analyzing the energy flows and their transformations from primary resources to final energy products. The main challenges in the energy sector for future decades are also highlighted raising constrains (including geopolitics) and opportunities for energy technology development. The input-output analysis of a country is also introduced in order to quantify the primary non-renewable energy embodied in goods and services produced by different countries, gathering additional information to understand of the link between- energy resources and economic production. The second part of the course is devoted to deepen advanced exergy based methodologies for systems analysis. After a brief review of thermodynamics fundamentals, the exergy balance is derived and all components analyzed. Standard exergy analysis of energy systems is then discussed. Thermoeconomics is presented as a theoretical framework for economic and environmental cost accounting, system diagnosis and optimization. Finally, advanced applications of Thermoeconomics to Industrial Ecology are presented, such as Cumulative Exergy Consumption, Exergy LCA, Extended Exergy Accounting.

The course aims at deepening advanced methodologies for energy conversion systems analysis as instrumental tool able to evaluate the performance of the energy system from a Life cycle perspectives including different externalities. Starting from the traditional exergy analysis, the course explore the application of exergy to economics and cost analysis (the so called Thermoeconomics), introducing advanced methods to assess the economic and the environmental impact of energy systems.

 

Description of the course topics

  1. Global Energy Scenarios, Country balances and Energy Policies. Introduction to the course. Current Challenges of the energy sector and worldwide level. Energy glossary and EISD indicators. Classification, Reservoirs and potential of energy resources: fossil fuels, nuclear power, hydro power, other renewables (solar, geothermal, wind, tidal, etc.). Current energy supply and forecast. Country Energy Balances. EU Energy policy to 2020: emission trading systems and incentives to promote renewable energy penetration (feed in premium, feed in tariff, green certificates and white certificates). Input-output analysis.
  2. Exergy analysis. Review of thermodynamics fundamentals. Derivation of the exergy balance for a generic open system. Analysis of the balance components: exergy of bulk, transport of exergy and exergy destructions. Work and Heat interaction including thermal radiation. Physical and Chemical exergy including exergy of hydrocarbon and nuclear fuels. Applications of the exergy balance to components and energy conversion systems and derivation of the Second Law efficiency.
  3. Thermoeconomics. Definition, philosophy and history of Thermoeconomics. The Exergy Cost Theory (ECT) as a link between exergy and economics: Exergy cost and Economic cost of products. Definition and evaluation of exergy efficiency through Resource/Product/Waste criterion. Cost allocation criteria in multi-product systems. General mathematical formulation for cost analysis: Input-Output Thermoeconomic analysis. Cost accounting, diagnosis and optimization of energy systems.
  4. Advanced applications of Thermoeconomics. Review of the fundamentals of Life Cycle assessment. Generalization of the Exergy Cost Theory: Thermoeconomic analysis for natural resources consumption assessment. Advanced exergy based methods: Cumulative Exergy Consumption, Exergy LCA, Extended Exergy Accounting. Application of other cost functions to Thermoeconomics: Exergy Based Risk Assessment, Exergoenvironmental Analysis.

Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

 The lectures are given ex cathedra, nevertheless a participatory approach is always envisaged. Part of the course is devoted to methodological exercises about the use of indicators at country level and application of Thermoeconomics . The exercises will lead to a project work that is highly recommended and that can provide a rating (0-5) to be added to the evaluation of the written text. Indeed the examination is made by a written text that can be completed, at the discretion of the professor, by an oral exam. An interim evaluation may be planned.

 

 


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaKotas TJ., The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis, Editore: Paragon Publishing, Anno edizione: 2012
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaGyftopoulos EP, Beretta GP., Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources, Editore: CUP, Anno edizione: 2011
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaGyftopoulos EP, Beretta GP, Thermodynamics: foundations and applications, Editore: Macmillian, Anno edizione: 1991
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa- Moran MJ, Shapiro HN, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, Anno edizione: 2010

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
lezione
48.0
esercitazione
16.0
laboratorio informatico
0.0
laboratorio sperimentale
0.0
progetto
0.0
laboratorio di progetto
24.0

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
25/11/2020