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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2014/2015
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
Docente Aliverti Andrea
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - MI (363) INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA* AZZZZ093167 - TECNOLOGIE PER SENSORI E STRUMENTAZIONE CLINICA
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (401) INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
093167 - TECNOLOGIE PER SENSORI E STRUMENTAZIONE CLINICA
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (419) INGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (434) INGEGNERIA INFORMATICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (471) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
093167 - TECNOLOGIE PER SENSORI E STRUMENTAZIONE CLINICA
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (476) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (481) COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA INFORMATICA* AZZZZ096260 - TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS AND CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION - BIOE 576-430

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

Obiettivi e contenuti del corso

The course is aimed to allow the student: a) to know the physical and chemical fundamental principles and the technologies used in biomedical sensors and instrumentation; b) to know the principal methods for sensor conditioning; c) to be able to determine which sensors, transducers and measurement instruments are more suitable for a given biomedical application; d) to evaluate the characteristics and technical features of a sensor or an instrument; e) to be able to implement a simple biomedical measurement device including a sensor, a front-end circuit, an interface with a PC, a software for virtual instrumentation.

 

Descrizione degli argomenti trattati

Sensors and Instrumentation technologies.Biomedical sensors: classification. Principles of measurement: photoelectric, termoresistive, termoelectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric, piezoresistive, magnetic, radiation-induced effects; adsorbance and absorbance of chemical species. Technologies: semiconductors, ceramics, polymeric films, optical fibres. Structures: impedance (resistive and capacitive sensors of light, force, position, acceleration, magnetic field), diode (photodiodes), transistor (MOSFET: GASFET, OGFET, ADFET, SAFET, pressFET, ISFET), self generating (piezoelectric, pyroelectric and electrochemical sensors), optical fibers (step index, graded index, core- e cladding-based sesnors, interferometric sensors). Applications in medicine and biology of electromagnetic, thermic, mechanical, chemical, radiation and optical sensors. Technology of electronic instrumentation. Structure of a measurement system. Interface with the sensor, signal conditioning, A/D conversion.

Clinical Instrumentation. Introduction to biomedical instrumentation. Basic components in biomedical instrumentation. Electrical safety in biomedical equipment. Imaging systems: endoscopy, computed radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance Imaging, Nuclear Medicine (Scintigraphy, PET, SPECT), medical Ultrasonography. Monitoring equipment: Monitors for anaesthesia and critical care medicine. Invasive and noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring (blood pressure, blood flow and volume, cardiac output). Respiratory monitoring (airflow, lung volumes and pressure, gas concentration and transport). Clinical laboratory measurements: spectrometric instruments (absorption, fluorescence, optical emission spectrometry; UV, visible, NIR, IR and Raman spectrometry; NMR; mass spectrometry); separation instruments (chromatography, electrophoresis). Imaging instruments (optical, confocal and atomic force microscopy). Electrochemical instruments (Potentiometry, Voltammetry, Conductimetry).

 

Bibliografia consigliata

  • Lectures’ slides and various material provided by the teacher.
  • Fraden J. Handbook of Modern Sensors: Physics, Designs, and Applications.
  • Pallàs-Areny R, Webster JG. Sensors and signal conditioning.
  • Harsanyi G, Sensors in biomedical applications: fundamentals, technology and applications.
  • Webster J. Medical Instrumentation. Application and design.

 

Organizzazione del corso

In addition to lectures and practical classes (with numerical exercises), the student will attend a series of laboratory classes and will be asked to develop a practical project. This will be constituted by the implementation of a simple measurement system for the assessment of sensors' characteristics and the measurement of biomedical variables (e.g. potentiometers, strain gauges, thermistors, optical measurements (LED, photodiodes and photoresistors), based on open-source platforms for electronic prototyping (Arduino) and PC interfacing by means of SW for virtual instrumentation (Labview).


Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The final exam is constituted by a final report and demo of the lab’s project (max grade 4/30), a written test (max grade 27/30) and a final oral exam. The final grade will be assigned at the end of the oral exam.

The oral exam can be taken only if the written exam’s grade is at least 18/27 and the final evaluation of the lab’s project is at least 1.5/4.


Bibliografia

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
lezione
60.0
esercitazione
40.0
laboratorio informatico
0.0
laboratorio sperimentale
0.0
progetto
0.0
laboratorio di progetto
0.0

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.1 / 1.6.1
Area Servizi ICT
20/11/2019