THE MULTI-SCALE URBAN DESIGN STUDIO COURSE IS ARTICULATED IN TWO PARTS, STRONGLY INTERCONNECTED:
a) the main course (120 h) REDEFINING THE CITY OF BARCELONA, with prof. Lluis Vives, and prof. Jun Ho Chen.
b) the course (60 h) METHODS OF PUBLIC CHOICE: DESIGNING AS PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS. INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS, with prof. Giancarlo Vecchi
A: REDEFINING THE CITY OF BARCELONA: Syllabus (by prof. Vives)
1. INTRODUCTION: ACADEMIC PROJECT
1.1. The continuity of realism
I understand realism as architectures from formal priority attention to the specific conditions of the project: program, site -in a physical, economic, social and cultural- and the construction.
Realism is not exclusive to some architects, though the frequent some more than others, or is itself a style (rather its absence), nor is it necessarily being as close to the craft as defined by Bohigas in the 60’s. Realism is a mutant concept that responds to multiple meanings.
The proposed method, as found by Smithson: from the meticulously accurate and actually found to improve the physical and social commitments arising from the concept thinking: theory and project as a simultaneous action. Go from the idea to the strategy and from these to the details.
- Strategy and detail: the architecture determinate from the general of the general (site) and the most intimate (the cave).
- Critical regionalism (Frampton) neglected in the recent period accurate speculative - understood in every way - the analysis by Frampton highlight ties with architecture that creates reality, all claiming knowledge of this fact as sine qua non for their own existence, and that prompted a return in the form of significant living space.
I am far from thinking that this relationship “Realistic “is automatic established by any formal automatism. Adam Caruso "The Feeling of Things” stated:
“ We are interested in the emotional effect that buildings can achieve. Alongside the attempts to make architecture that follows most closely the contemporary neoliberal current; exist efforts for a slow and meticulous production.... Worth reconsider the Venturi proposal for architecture of inclusion, putting greater emphasis on the construction and the emotional presence to protect the speech to the possibility of being limited only to appearance or style. Has room to ask how this protection occurs: enabling memory link experiences and not only shakes with surprises. The relationship of the object and the site is one of the scenarios we call memory.”
I understand Realism as fully valid. I consider fully adhered to the strictest architectures today, despite the diversity of appearances, achieved precisely from its tight relationship with the peculiar conditions of each project.
1.2. Value object - place
The subject designated as a relationship object – place, also describeble as research architecture – context relations, as intermediate-scale experiments like the mix of scales, such as public - private relationship or as urban design. Including full design, build volume, without which urban space is hardly conceivable.
2. REASONS AND OBJECTIVES
- Explore the city of Barcelona with realistic urban projects as they require the current time looking for a suitable and better living space.
- Search the reasons for the relative inconsistency of the culture of the territory and the city and achievements to provide two approaches, cultural and administrative (both necessary and not necessary conflicting) some references essential and innovative: the urban project.
- Urban planning that seeks to understand the different conditions in each urban area. The pursuit of such objectives requires the development of a realistic method of work and the possible free of prejudice.
3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WORKSHOP: MULTISCALE URBAN DESIGN
The strategy understood as urban project has a double meaning: it is a form of research through design relationships between architecture and public space as well as an experience that can open a desirable process for the city. The method of experimental assembly explores the potential of the city and the current urban structures.
Search Workshops (Analysis and Project) must consider as cultural reinterpretations of urbanity and also an effort to find it spatial and physiques attributes.
Research workshops will be relatively far from the orthodox urban furnishing (the Plan) and will be directed mainly to the design of experimental projects well defined in space and time.
Urban projects attentive to the relationship between fabric and built open pace to find the reasons in typological and morphological research.
Six key issues of urban renovation project:
1. Structure POLYNUCLEAR centrality.
2. Mix opposite FUNCTIONAL specialisation.
3. Urban reform instead of new occupations floor.
4. The territorial space as urban and territorial balance space.
5. A reasonably compact city.
6. New mobility and location of new activities.
The five attributes that define an urban project are:
a) Territorial effects on a larger scale for the practical project area.
b) Character complex content (mix of city functions, temporal rhythms ...)
c) An intermediate level may be executed in a few years.
d) Willingness to architecture of the city with independence of the architecture of buildings.
e) Significant public investment component and the collective use of the program.
The project site is the main method called Urban Project. Urban projects thoughts with operative and pragmatic desire. Summary: From the geography of a city and its solicitations and suggestions and introduce the architecture of the elements that make the scene.
The role of the theory in a practice unfulfilled, as the project is, normally subject to on-going debate. The theoretical principles that inform the course set - repeated interest in the relationship between the object and the site and attitude realist – must be transferred to the student by the master.
1 - The statement of the same issues
2 - The rhythm and content requested (delivery time)
3 - The correction criteria. Import: Making explicit the views. Cross opinions between students and teachers continuously, varied and premeditated.
4 - Lessons of support depending on the progress of the course.
The first part of the course (October and November) is subject to certain educational activities including lectures, meetings and critics.
The calendar for these months begins with the Inaugural Class. The lecture will be in charge by the Professor Lluis Vives.
During this period three lectures on urban projects will be scheduled by invited speakers and the director of the workshop.
The course will divide into two ateliers.
Working groups will be organized to make the models of each proposed site.
The work must be in groups and therefore the approach to the project will be done with individual critical, performing a review together every two weeks by the teaching staff.
To conclude this first part of the course will undertake Intermediate Critics (13/14th November) with the assistance of visiting professors and architects.
The second part of the course is devoted to the development of the students work from the ideas and / or suggestions for the intermediate critics. During eight weeks students, with the support of the teaching staff, should specify the scope of their proposals and prepare the
necessary documents for their proper explanation.
The student admission to the final critical will be formalized only with the agreement of the main professor.
On the first week of December will be the trip to Barcelona (I propose during the days 4th, 5th) to visit the sites, collect information and a photographic report.
-The final critics will be the last week of January with the assistance of visiting professors and architects.
-The test model is therefore the sum of the project carried out during the course and the individual oral presentation to the tribunal appointed for the final critics.
The projects of the class this year involved two different areas of Barcelona, each in a special relationship with the existing urban fabric but all related to the real demands of the City. Some interventions are to build on existing buildings, so with a minimum margin of freedom, and will help to consolidate the urban space. Others propose instead new buildings, with their own identity but able to communicate with buildings aesthetically different, or able, to limit their condition, to assume the role of a filter between different situations.
Manuel de Solà Morales. “Urban things”. Gustavo Gili. Barcelona, 2008.
Manuel de Solà Morales “Ten lessons on Barcelona” Coac Barcelona
Manuel de Solà Morales “Functional city and urban morphology”. Barcelona: EdUPC, 1994.
Secchi, Bernardo. La transformazioni dell’habitat urbano (The transformation of the urban habitat). “Casabella”, 1993.
“UR: Laboratorio de Urbanismo de Barcelona”. Etsab.Barcelona.
Alison and Peter Smithson.”The charged void:Architecture”. Ed. Monacelli
“Urban space and structures” Leslie Martin. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili
“The architecture of the City”. Aldo Rossi.Barcelona.Ed.Gustavo Gili
Benevolo, Leonardo; Melograni, Carlo; Giura Longo, Tommaso. “The planning of the modern city ”. 3ª ed. Barcelona
Lynch, Kevin. “The image of the city”. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1985. And: “ The good form of the city” Barceloba. Gustavo Gili
Augé, Marc. “Los “No places "anonymous spaces: an anthropology of overmodernity ”. Barcelona: Gedisa.
B) METHODS OF PUBLIC CHOICE: DESIGNING AS PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS. INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS, (by prof. Giancarlo Vecchi)
Detailed program and expected learning results
The course will deal with a specific competence that an architect has to develop: the capacity to drive the construction of consensus among many actors around his/her project (elaborated individually or with a working group, interacting with other professionals).
In these terms, this part of the designing activity is conceptualized as a problem solving process.
The main aim of the class is to familiarise the students with a roadmap to elaborate a Scenario Report. Scenario Report is a set of analysis that an architect can attach to a project to deal with social and political problems connected with the decision and implementation of a project.
Scenario writing is a problem solving approach to deal with the critical constraints for a design that come from the institutions, the economic environment and the society.
In general every construction will use public or collective resources (land, air, sound, light, etc.) and will have an impact on the public and private interests.
Analysing the context of a design process, the political/economic/social environment and the objectives of the main actors involved, is a relevant part of the capacity of an architect.
An architect that has to present and explain to the institutions, the interests groups and the general public, the characteristics of the design, providing with convincing arguments information about the expected results and impacts.
To construct a Scenario Report we will use theories, methods and tools derived from of policy analysis and decision making processes.
The basis is provided by the policy analysis framework, a discipline with strong interests in urban planning, architecture designing, environmental and social problems, etc.
The basic goals towards the expected learning results are:
- To introduce the basic concepts of public policy analysis as a guide to problem solving framework
- To present the steps of a Scenario Report elaboration/development
- To discuss the ways through which conceptualise the architectural designing as problem solving, and decision making analysis as a useful set of concepts to guide the problem solving processes and the interaction with institutional and social actors
- To transfer a method and some techniques for analysing cases of public decisions and public participation in the field of urban planning and architectural design, useful to address the elaboration of the Scenario Report
Assessment and contribution to the final mark
The course is based on lectures, group work and exercises. The students attending the class will be required to partecipate in at least one collective exercise and in some role-playing exercises. Active participation in the classroom is an essential element.
The final assessment will be the average resulting from two factors:
- groupwork; each student will participate in a small work group with the aim to elaborate and present to the class a power point with a syntetic Scenario Report;
- active participation (role playing games,etc.)
This part contributes to the final mark (the final mark will cover all the parts of the full course)
Eugene Bardach, 2011. A practical guide for policy analysis. (4th ed), Washington, CQPress/Sage (ISBN-10: 1608718425; ISBN-13: 978-1608718429)
Bruno Dente, Le decisioni di policy, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2011 (ISBN: 978-88-15-23242-7)
Bruno Dente y Juan Subirats, Decisiones Pùblicas, Barcelona: Ariel, 2014 (Colección Ariel Ciencias Sociales, 368 páginas, ISBN: 978-84-344-0996-5)