Operational Amplifiers (OpAmp): voltage-mode negative feedback, circuital configurations, parameters-induced errors, small- and large-signal analysis.
Frequency response of OpAmps. Bode diagrams of ideal and real frequency response.
Stability of circuits employing OpAmps. Off-chip frequency compensation techniques.
Advanced OpAmps: instrumentation (INA), isolation (ISO), current-feedback (CFA), current (CMA, Norton), and transconductance (OTA) amplifiers.
Case studies of circuits employing OpAmps and SPICE circuital simulations.
Basics of sampling. Sample&Hold (S&H) circuits. Static and dynamic performances. Feedback S&H and stability issues.
Digital-to-Analog converters (DAC) and Analog-to-Digital converters (ADC): basic architectures, dynamic performances, SNR and THD spectra, timings.
Advanced ADCs: interpolation, folding, half-flash, multistep, time-interleaving structures.
Under- and Over-sampling. Sigma-Delta modulators: architectures, noise-shaping, performances.
Case studies of circuits employing S&Hs, DACs and ADCs and SPICE circuital simulations.
Microcontrollers: characteristics, architectures, program and data memories, data-sheets.
Development systems: programmers, simulators, emulators, starter kits.
Internal peripherals: I/O port, counter, timer, ADC. Auxiliary circuits: reset, oscillator, interrupt, watchdog.
Case studies of circuits employing µC.