Innovative ICT contexts of communication and cooperation offer, to human development and adult life, new opportunities for relationships, identification and self expression.
To obtain universal accessibility of the new ICT instruments, resources and processing it is very important to promote the augmentativity of distributed, multimodal and virtual contexts, being augmentativity the capability of different environments to be adapted and personalized taking care of different users, contexts, and goals.
The course presents different models to analyse, design and evaluate distributed and multimodal environments supporting persons with different abilities and goals (learning, autonomy, professional skills, rehabilitation, self identification and relationships). The personalization is discussed considering also sensorial, physical, cognitive and relational disabilities.
A particular attention is paid to the opportunities offered by:
- Multichannel environments and innovative devices
- Environments which allows the integration of multimodal expressions (written or vocal texts, sounds, iconic languages and drawings, haptic interactions and gestures, bio-signals and bio-feedbacks, …)
- The integration of complex and multimodal dialogs (either synchronous or asynchronous)
- Virtual environments and non conventional dimensions.
* The students will learn to analyze problems and solutions relied to universal accessibility taking into account the national and the international legislation (a particular attention will be paid to the UN contexts)
* The students will base their analysis and evaluation on a global user model which considers the user and his or her health condition in agreement with the international standards and requirements (OMS models).
* The presentation of national research projects will allow the students to be involved into innovative and professional future activities.
* Practical sessions will allow the students to verify the acquired competencies: 1) describing their own user profile and their satisfaction using a multimodal single-user environment, 2) writing suggestions to improve the accessibility of a web site taking into account the special needs of persons with disabilities (sensorial and/or physical and/or cognitive and/or relational); 3) being personally involved into a cooperative multimodal work session (a game or an artistic performance) and evaluating the experience of their team (composed by themselves and persons with special needs).
Articulation and contents:
1) Universal accessibility: national and international contexts
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its influence on ICT
The international network: (the role of governmental, non governmental, professional, industrial and academic subjects)
2) A global reference model to profile users
Human mind and behavior (embodiment and relational skills)
Perception, attention, and temporal skills / Emotional and affective skills
Interaction and communication / Learning and cooperation
Personality and subjective differences
Impairments, disabilities and handicaps
The OMS ICF Model and its extensions to support ICT accessibility
3) Multimodal devices and contexts
Multimodality for innovation and accessibility
Innovative devices and best accessible solutions for different abilities
(sensorial, physical, cognitive, and relational)
Best and worst practices and programs in the field of learning, professional education,
autonomy, communication, rehabilitation and self expression
Accessibility and evaluation – models and instruments
4) Web accessibility
Accessing the interface and the contents
Disabilities relied to personal, social or cultural diversities
How to use the input and the output redundancies: additional and complementary
The WCAG2 guidelines and other relied documents
The personal style and the access paradigm: graphics, texts, gestures, and voices
The wireless and the mobile context.
Accessibility of the active web: best and worst practices and programs.
How to evaluate the web accessibility taking into account different points of view
The national legislation: limits and opportunities
5) Focus On
- a particular disability (cognitive, sensorial, physical, or relational)
- presentation of innovative research programs and projects
- presentation of a meaningful multimodal and cooperative contexts
that will be used for the third practical experience
6) Practical experiences:
First Experience – “Re-designing an existing web site” taking into account the special needs of persons with disabilities (sensorial and/or physical and/or cognitive and/or relational)
Second Experience – “Meeting and cooperating”: project, realization and evaluation of a cooperative multimodal work session (a game or an artistic production) in a team composed by students and persons with special needs.