In the laboratory an emergency plan for hydrogeologic hazards will be developed, selecting a specific mountain area as a test case. One key objective of the laboratory is to make students understand the challenges implied in the development of atechnical support (the plan) to orient human decisions and actions under stress (related tothe crisis management part). In other words, the plan that is to be developed must comprise the more technical information, analysed and treated as shown in the previous course, and more managerial aspects, for which organisational and social factors are central issues. Furthermore, in the laboratory the patterns and characteristics of the built environment and infrastructures in the area of concerns will be analysed in order to assess their vulnerability in case of an extreme event. In fact, the following aspects will be treated in deeper detail:
- how the plan can provide a support for the dynamic adaptation of decisions and interventions to the potential scenarios provided for the specific phenomena at stake in the test area;
- identification of the main vulnerable factors that substantially contribute to the final flood damage estimate. Among those factors, physical vulnerability of houses, bridges and infrastructures, social vulnerability of people and organizations, as well as systemic vulnerability will be carefully assessed. Such assessment will be the basis for the plan development.
- identification of reasonable actions in the face of a specific flood/complex hydrogeological event tree and making the best use of available resources;
- analysis of the limit conditions beyond which the plan may fail and identification of possible flexibilities and open alternatives to tackle unexpected event development as well as unforeseen interactions with vulnerable systems. In the laboratory seminars will be offered, to present the actual work of professionals and officials in the field of civil protection .
The exam consists in the illustration of the emergency plan to be developed and on the oral discussion regarding some critical aspects of the plan.
Knowledge and understanding: information regarding the basic elements that constitute an emergency plan will be provided; students will gain understanding about what we have learned works or does not in developing and using an emergency plan.
Applying knowledge and understanding: This is the learning field that is the focus of the course, as students will be asked to apply knowledge acquired in other courses and particularly regarding mountain floods and processes that contribute to sediment transport causing rivers bed aggradation.
Making judgments: the course challenges students in making their own judgments about what would work and what would not in the emergency plan they have to develop. There is no automatic response, they need to produce something new and in this regard the course contains some elements of research.
Communication skills: students are required to interact in group to develop the plan and to illustrate it to professors and other students a number of times during the semester and at the exam.
Learning skills: students are encouraged to search and study documents and examples of emergency plan beyond what is provided during classes. The more they develop their own judgement capacity, the more in depth they are able to go in analysing and developing solutions to problems the better the final result is.
Required preliminary knowledge
Fundamentals of risk assessment and management (possibly the course Tools for risk mitigation, but similar ones attended in other universities can be accepted).