- Introduction to biomechanics of human movement
What is biomechanics?
Why study biomechanics?
Preventing and treating injury
Qualitative and quantitative analysis
- Functional anatomy and bioengineering of motor system
Review of key anatomical concepts
Biomechanics of muscle
Review of muscle structure
Active and passive tension of muscle
Hill muscle model
The limitations of functional anatomical analysis
Mechanical method of muscle action analysis
The need for biomechanics to understand muscle actions
Three mechanical characteristics of muscle
Stretch-shortening cycle (ssc)
Neuromuscular control (neuromuscular spindle…)
The functional unit of control: motor units
Regulation of muscle force
Proprioception of muscle action and movement
Biomechanics of bone
Biomechanics of ligaments
- Technologies for motion analysis: instruments and methods of measurement of variables of interest.
Photocell (duration time)
Witty SEM (reaction time)
Inertial measurements unit: accelerometers
Markerless motion analysis
Video analysis, image analysis system (Kineovea)
Electromyography - EMG
- Direct and inverse dynamics
Models for calculating joint reactions and moments
Evaluation of human performance
- Motor pattern characterization (technical evaluation of gesture) and injury risk (risk assessment)
Walking (kinematics, dynamics, energetics)
Running (kinematics, dynamics, energetics)
Throws (kinematics, dynamics, energetics)
Jumps (kinematics, dynamics, energetics)
- Posture and balance assessment
Variables of interest in the functional assessment of postural function
Orthostatic and dynamic equilibriometry
- Metabolic and cardiorespiratory assessment
Recall to metabolic mechanisms: alactacidic anaerobic, lactacidic anaerobic, aerobic.
Recall to respiratory system mechanisms: pump and exchanger.
Measurement of respiratory parameters
Flow measurements: differential pressure flowmeters, pneumotachographs, turbine.
Methods of estimating O2 consumption and CO2 production.
Breath x breath methods.
Tests for evaluation of direct and indirect muscle metabolic factors
- Body composition assessment
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)
- Biomechanical modelling, simulation and analysis (Opensim, BoB biomechanics)
Practical examples of protocols for sport assessment (soccer, rowing, climbing)