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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2022/2023
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale e Territoriale
Insegnamento 058117 - ADVANCED HYDRAULICS
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare
Docenti: Titolare (Co-titolari) Malavasi Stefano

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing - Civ (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (488) INGEGNERIA CIVILE - CIVIL ENGINEERING*AZZZZ058119 - HYDRAULIC MODELS
058117 - ADVANCED HYDRAULICS

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

ADVANCED HYDRAULICS deals with the main problems of modeling hydrodynamic phenomena related to fundamental applications of civil, environmental and territorial engineering, but which find applications in the field of industrial engineering. Modeling approach to study the phenomena is mainly used. Complex engineering problems are presented and solutions based on simplified conceptual modeling of the physical parameters that govern the phenomenon are discussed. The proposed models are critically analyzed and evaluated on the basis of the many theoretical and practical aspects that the problems faced generally include. To tackle this didactic path, in the first part of the course, laws and formulations of fluid dynamics will be recalled and deepened, to consolidate the theoretical basis necessary for understanding the phenomena under study.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
The student will consolidate and complete the basic theory of fluid motion, deepening the specific formulations for the different application fields and will be able to understand the conceptual differences and the limits of validity.
He will deal with the theory of the similarity of physical phenomena and their modeling with particular reference to hydraulic and fluid dynamics phenomena. He will analyze the peculiarities of modeling in the hydraulic field, understanding the physical limits and the simplifying hypotheses that allow its application.


ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
The didactic approach during the theoretical lessons and the working methods required during the exercises and laboratories are aimed at involving the student in active participation and encouraging the student to apply the acquired knowledge. In particular, quantitative support is required for modeling hypotheses, which allows the student to acquire critical sense and discernment in the application of the methods and models addressed to engineering problems.


Argomenti trattati

ADVANCED HYRAULICS (10cfu)
Recall and in-depth analysis of the basic fluid dynamics and hydraulics equations. Fundamental equations of fluid dynamics, Lagrangian and Eulerian formulations of equations and their implications, Navier-Stokes equations, analytical solutions of Navier-Stokes equations. Turbulent flows and Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS). Energy models for currents, recalls on the concept of current and its one-dimensional modeling, pressure drops modelling.

 

Free surface currents. Review on uniform motion and on permanent motion profiles for cylindrical beds - Practical tracing of profiles - Permanent currents with constant flow in non-cylindrical channels - Permanent currents with variable flow - Wave phenomena - Translation waves - Flood waves.
This cycle of lessons is combined with a series of computer labs in which the flood risk assessment on a stretch of real river will be addressed with the aid of dedicated software.

 

Control of pressurized currents: Control valves, types and main fluid dynamic parameters. Limit conditions of operation and cavitation. Hydraulic sizing and selection of control valves. This cycle of lessons is combined with a series of computer laboratories in which the problems relating to the selection of control valves and the design of control loops of fluid dynamic processes will be addressed.

 

Similitude and modelling. Pigreco Theorem - Models and Similarity - Hydraulic and Fluid Dynamics Models: Reynolds' and Froude's Laws of Similarity and other similarity laws - Models at undistorted and distorted scale - Theoretical and practical framework of conceptual, physical and mathematical modeling (potential and limits) .
This cycle of lessons is combined with a series of computer laboratories in which the following issues will be addressed: the design and use of physical models for the study of hydraulic works and the modeling of fluid dynamic processes; the choice and use of appropriate numerical models.

 

Exercises, workshops and seminars. The exercises and numerical laboratories will be strictly connected to the theoretical part of which they are natural integration. The purpose of these activities is to apply theoretical notions and solve case studies, simplified projects and feasibility studies through qualitative and quantitative analyzes. The course includes a few hours dedicated to experimental laboratories and seminars on current and application topics held by professionals.

 

HYDRAULICS MODELS (6 cfu)
The course includes some of the topics of the Hydraulics 2 course: references and insights into Fluid Mechanics, free surface currents (excluding various motion) and the theory of Similitude and modelling.


Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile - SDGs
Questo insegnamento contribuisce al raggiungimento dei seguenti Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda ONU 2030:
  • SDG6 - CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
  • SDG9 - INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Most of the topics in this course are focused on efficiency in the use of water especially for civil applications but many of the concepts discussed are applicable on an industrial level. The increase water-use efficiency (Target 6.4) and the develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure (Target 9.1) are the SDGs especially considered in the course topic.


Prerequisiti

Fundamentals of: continuum mechanics; fluid mechanics and hydraulics; mathematical analysis.


Modalità di valutazione

To pass the exam, the student must demonstrate knowledge of the theory of fluid motion and its specific formulations addressed in the course by discussing its differences and limits of applicability. He will have to demonstrate the mastery of the concepts of similitude and models with particular reference to the aspects of modeling of phenomena and hydraulic works.
Furthermore, he will have to demonstrate a critical sense and discernment in the application of the methods and models addressed.

ADVANCED HYDRAULICS (10cfu)
The exam consists of an oral exam with exercise. The papers developed during the exercises must be delivered at least two weeks before the exam and contribute to the overall evaluation.
During the year, seminars or field and / or laboratory visits could be proposed, such as non-compulsory cultural additions for the purpose of passing the exam.

HYDRAULICS MODELS(6 cfu)
In order to take the exam of this course, it is not necessary to submit laboratory documents.
During the year, seminars or field and / or laboratory visits could be proposed, such as non-compulsory cultural additions for the purpose of passing the exam.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaMunson, Young and Okiishi, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaChow, V. T,, Open-Channel Hydraulics, Editore: McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY

Software utilizzato
Nessun software richiesto

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
55:00
82:30
Esercitazione
15:00
22:30
Laboratorio Informatico
10:00
15:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
20:00
30:00
Totale 100:00 150:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.9.6 / 1.9.6
Area Servizi ICT
22/05/2024