L'insegnamento prevede 1.0 CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
Corso di Studi
Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
056998 - THEMATIC STUDIO
The Studio addresses the question of Architectural Design, on the various scales, in its complexity and multi-disciplinary nature. The studio experience, which integrates the various disciplines that contribute to design education, teaches students, in theory, and in practice, to develop and formulate original ideas, including in a research context.
During these studios, students must demonstrate, through an independent formulation of a project, that they can develop highly innovative solutions, mastering the entire design procedure and the multiple skills called into play. Indeed, students will be required to develop original solutions to topics that architects are faced with due to increasingly complex problems on the European and international horizon.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and comprehension skills that provide them with awareness of the experimental work involved in design and express and apply original ideas in this area;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments;
- can develop highly innovative solutions, mastering the entire design procedure and the multidisciplinary knowledge they have acquired.
Transecting the urban-rural landscapes
This Thematic Studio focuses on the relationships between urban, peri-urban and rural areas and the roles of historic landscapes in future scenarios for sustainable development. A recent report by the United Nations (2020) on the progress of the Sustainable Development goals showed that, over the period 1990 to 2015, most urban areas recorded a general increase in the amount of built-up area per person and that the physical expansion of cities was faster than their rates of population growth. This phenomenon suggests that the disintegration of the categories of the ‘urban’ and the ‘rural’ into a multifaceted and polysemic network of conceptual domains will continue. The ‘purity’ of both the urban and the rural, if that ever existed, now presents a range of hybrid characterisations that challenge the city’s traditional urbanity and the countryside’s ruralness. Besides, the challenge of climate change poses further questions as to the roles of landscapes in combating its effects. It is essential to consider that with current governmental discourses on fighting climate change and meeting the Paris Agreement commitments, containing land take and revisiting land uses become crucial. The European Union recently announced its Green Deal which aims to cut its greenhouse gas emissions to at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990, and become carbon neutral by 2050. Associated strategies include the EU Biodiversity Strategy, which promises the planting of three billion threes by 2030, and the Farm to Form strategy, focused on making food systems more sustainable. With the increased need for afforestation and reforestation to fight climate change, agricultural land is likely to shrink and become more hybridised with forestry.
In this prospect, the studio asks: what are the roles of urban planning, design, preservation and architecture in forging such landscapes? To what extent can in-between conditions be drivers for spatial innovation and proposals support sustainable development? How can a historical understanding of landscapes support contemporary decision-making processes? How can the enhancement of biodiversity and environmental considerations be aligned with cultural heritage management? And, how can a transect approach support the connections and positive interactions between urban non-urban areas?
Seventy years ago, the concept of landscape was intrinsically related to an aesthetic perception of “natural beauty”. Today it has expanded to include human activities. The European Landscape Convention considers it “an area as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors” (European Landscape Convention, 2000). The studio will explore ways in which natural and cultural features can be considered across a range of landscapes. Course content will include systemic urban analyses, planning and design; tackling global and local urban challenges; the roles of nature in planning; methodologies to read, analyse and evaluate landscape typologies and features involving their historic, perceptive and constructive components; the need for a theoretical underpinning of heritage preservation and its practical application considering the Italian preservation laws and international preservation codes; and examples of Italian and international case studies.
The axis of Naviglio Martesana, from its origins at the Adda River to its end in Milan, will act as a vehicle to explore distinct landscape conditions across the urban-rural spectrum, from naturalised landscapes to consolidated urban fabric. While developing innovative design proposals, valorisation and conservation of heritage will be paramount in the studio.
Students will work in groups of 4-6 members. Individual contributions to the teamwork are to be clearly defined by the students and will be taken into consideration in the assessment. The work will be developed across scales. The studio work is organised as follows:
The axis in the territory
Initially, students will work at the regional scale to develop a critical reading of the Naviglio Martesana and surrounding landscapes in its wider context, with particular attention to their historical significance and development, and to the existing socio and geo-physical characteristics of its territory, such as hydrographic features, agricultural and natural areas. Students will attempt to consider the historic stratification of the axis and to define new compatible plans and uses, identifying ways to requalify degraded areas, enhance natural, historical and cultural values, improve educational opportunities and to manage new opportunities for sustainable development.
Intervening in the transect
Subsequently, specific focus areas will be selected across the categorizations of urban, peri-urban, rural and natural for the development of further site-specific analysis and a strategic master plan. At this stage students will select the UN Sustainable Development Goads (SDGs) most relevant to their areas of intervention and their local manifestations. There will be a shift in scale, from macro to meso, whereby students will develop and employ urban planning and design skills. Students will work with a range of materials and tools, including developing a model.
Specific projects at urban design/ architectural scale will be developed within the strategic masterplan, with a clear theme and brief to be developed by students in discussion with professors and tutors.
Students will work in groups The contributions that individuals make to the team will be considered in the final mark. Students will complete peer-review assessments of group members’ participation after each major review assessing for instance the quality and timeliness of contributions, as well as proactiveness throughout the semester, which will inform the professors’ decisions on grading.
The final mark will be comprised of:
Proactive participation in the studio and various activities;
interim assessments for all stages;
results of the peer-review forms
final outcome documenting all phases and aspects of the work.