Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2020/2021
Tipo incarico Dottorato
Docente Lavagna Monica
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Dottorato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The objective of the course is to introduce to the use of environmental sustainability metrics as tools that measure the benefits achieved through a sustainability strategy, leading to informed environmental decisions.

The course will explain in detail the LCA methodology, with examples and exercises.

Various ways of measuring environmental sustainability have been developed, attempting to quantify beyond the generic concept and to evaluate the efficacy of green design principles and policies (i.e. toward “A resource-efficient Europe”, “Europe 2020”). Different metrics are used for different application areas (e.g. impacts related to a person, to a country, to a product).

For the European Commission and internationally, Life Cycle Assessments provide the best framework for assessing the potential environmental impacts of products and services currently available.

LCA is a method to evaluate the environmental performance of products and services through all phases of their life cycle (raw materials extraction; transport; production; use and maintenance; end of life, recycling or final disposal) by identifying and quantifying energy and materials used and emissions and wastes released to the environment. Carbon footprint, water footprint, environmental footprint are all LCA based. The final objective of this evaluation is to identify and evaluate opportunities to affect environmental improvements.

LCA methodology can be applied to different sectors and is used in business and policymaking.

No preliminary knowledge is necessary. The course is open to any disciplinary area.



Monica Lavagna, Polimi, ABC

Architect, Ph.D., Associate Professor in Architectural Technology. Her field of studies is the LCA applied to buildings, buildings materials and construction sector.

Giovanni Dotelli, Polimi, CMIC

Chemical Engineer, Ph.D., Full Professor in Science and Technology of Materials. His field of studies is the LCA applied to materials, in different sectors of application.

Lucia Rigamonti, Polimi, DICA

Environmental engineer, Ph.D., Assistant Professor in Environmental and Sanitary Engineering. The main topic of her research is LCA applied to waste technologies and waste management systems.

Paco Melià, Polimi, DEIB

Environmental engineer, Ph.D., Associate Professor in Ecology. His field of studies is the ecological systems and the environmental indicators to assess sustainability.

Paolo Masoni, Ecoinnovazione spin-off ENEA

President of Board of Directors of Ecoinnovazione srl, spinoff ENEA. Past President SETAC Europe, Head of the LCA & Ecodesign R&D laboratory ENEA, Past President Rete Italiana LCA, Italian representative in the Environmental Footprint Technical Advisory Board, of the European Commission, Member of the Italian Government Committee for Sustainable Consumption and Production and Green Public Procurement, Project Manager of several international projects.

Serenella Sala, EC JRC IES

scientific officer of European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Directorate D – Sustainable Resources - Land Resources Unit, European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), develops methodologies and models for sustainable development, integrated environmental assessment, life cycle assessment for supporting eco-innovation of process and products as well as resource efficiency.

Gregor Wernet, Ecoinvent

involved with Ecoinvent (Zurich, CH) since 2005, first as a member of the Expert Group, later as an International Project Coordinator, and as the Executive Manager since 2012. He is also the editor for chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Originally hailing from Germany, he has a PhD in Chemistry from ETH Zurich. Ecoinvent is the Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, founded by institutes of the ETH Zurich and the Swiss Federal Offices, and is the most world widely used LCA database.

Alessandra Zamagni, Ecoinnovazione srl, spin-off ENEA

Researcher at ENEA (Italian National Agency on new Technology, Energy and Sustainable economic development). President of Ecoinnovazione srl, an ENEA spin-off that offers consultancy services on the topic of eco-innovation and sustainability assessment. PhD on Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis. She is an international expert in Life cycle sustainability analysis; Social LCA; consequential LCA; hybrid approaches (input output and LCA); Product Environmental Footprint; Organisation Environmental Footprint (pilot on retailer). 


Primary references will be slides of the lectures, papers and documents (free available on internet) given during the course.

Other references:

ISO 14040:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework

ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines




Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The learning evaluation will be based on group exercises (in classroom) and individual paper related to the topics of the course and the doctoral thesis. The best papers can be selected and participate in the call for papers of the annual conference of the Italian LCA Network (Rete Italiana LCA).

Intervallo di svolgimento dell'attività didattica
Data inizio
Data termine

Calendario testuale dell'attività didattica

25.01 a.m Sustainability metrics. An introduction  Lavagna

25.01 p.m. Ecological footprint and sustainability metrics related to persons and countries  Melià

26.01 a.m. Life Cycle Assessment. An introduction Lavagna

26.01 p.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 1. Goal and scope definition, functional unit, system boundaries Rigamonti

27.01 a.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Methods for solving multi-functionality and allocation procedures Rigamonti

27.01 p.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 1. exercise Rigamonti + Lavagna  

28.01 a.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 2. Life Cycle Inventory and quality of data Dotelli

28.01 p.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 1-2. exercise Lavagna

29.01 Life Cycle Inventory and quality of data. The Ecoinvent database Wernet

01.02 a.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 3-4. Life cycle impact assessment; Interpretation of results Dotelli

01.02 p.m. Life Cycle Assessment. Step 3-4. exercise Dotelli + Lavagna

02.02 Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Methodologies development and EPLCA | European Platform on LCA Sala

03.02 Sustainability metrics. International policies and developments Masoni

04.02 Environmental Footprints. EPD, PEF and OEF and Social LCA Zamagni

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaWalter Klopffer, Birgit Grahl, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): A Guide to Best Practise, Editore: Wiley, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 978-3-527-32986-1

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
laboratorio informatico
laboratorio sperimentale
laboratorio di progetto

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT