Introduction to the polymers. Hystorical development. The polymers in our life. Production, economic impact. Main types and applications: in a nutshell.
“Plastic” in the environment. Ocean gyres and garbage patches. “Plastic” in the ocean: story, classification. Origins and amount. Primary microplastic in the ocean. Mismanaged waste. Tyre debris. Why is a problem?
Basic synthesis and reaction chemistry (organic chemistry). Few concepts useful for sustainable polymers.
The polymers. The polymeric nature of solids. Introduction to polymers. Origin. Nomenclature. Chemical composition. Structure. Dimension. Average molecular mass. Synthesis of polymers: stoichiometry, thermodynamics, kinetics. Catalysis for polymerization and types of polymerizations. Intermolecular and intramolecular bonds in polymers. Stereochemistry. Organization of polymers at the solid state: amorphous and crystalline polymers. Thermodynamic origin of melting point. Main types of polymers. Transitions of polymers and thermodynamics.
Green, sustainable, circular. Sustainability and sustainable chemistry. Green chemistry. The CO2 Issue. Circular materials and circular economy. The life cycle of polymers. Circular polymers. Green washing.
Biomass. Biomass for materials
Environmental aspects of polymers. Degradation of Polymers. Additives and Chemicals in Plastics and in Rubbers. Release of Additives and Monomers from Plastic. Wastes Recycling of polymers.
Main traditional polymers. Production and applications. Synthesis, chemicals released by the polymers, recycling, bio-version of the polymers.
Polyethylene. Polyvinylchloride, Polyethylene terephtalate, polyurethanes.
Main natural polymers: cellulose, starch, chitin, chitosan, alginates, bran.
Biopolymers: bioplastics. Synthesis, properties, composites, recycling.
Biobased and biodegradable polymers: poly(lactic acid), poly(hydroxyalcanoates), poly(butylenesuccinate)
Materials from CO2.
Fossil based and biodegradable polymers: poly(butyrate adipate terephthalate), poly(caprolactone)
Elastomers. Elasticity: in a nutshell. How to design an elastomer. Bioelastomers.
The most important application of elastomer: a tyre. Recycling of tyres
Food Packaging. Biopolymers in Food Packaging.. Biobased polymer nanocomposites.
Food Containers and Packaging Materials.