The course in Elements of architectural tipology deals with the typological and morphological aspects of architecture, focusing on the relationships with composition and distributional features of buildings and related settlements. By means of the critical analysis of emblematic architectures, cities and parts of the city, design thinking of prominent architects the course provides the knowledge for better understanding the fundamentals and principles of architectural and urban design in a wide historical perspective from ancient to contemporary age.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The course allows students to develop a critical point of view on design and its techniques in order to face the project at different scales of complexity.
The course will enlighten elements of architectural typology through the investigation of projects and buildings designed by architects of different times and cultures. Lectures will present these projects, inserting them into the socio-cultural milieu, clearing where they were thought and made, and looking for their connection with local and international networks. Different ages, and cultures, have a different and peculiar idea of the house, of the workspace, of institutions, and these differences affect the invention, of the adoption, of specific typological choices: we will try to develop a consciousness of the relations which tie the typological choices, and researches, with the cultural and political trends. Also, we'll care to put in evidence the architectural and technical choices in reference to previous and following ones, examining projects that, for specific reasons, can be considered seminal, or masterpieces, or problematic in an interesting way.
References to historical reasons will be considered, but always with the premise that architectural qualities never die, that they cross the centuries and are still necessary and fertile samples for the future of architectural design. Following this idea, we can study typological innovators of the Renaissance, like Andrea Palladio, or of the Modernist times, like Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe; of the recent years, like Aldo Rossi and Peter Zumthor, and of our times, like some architects who, in these years, in various continents, are pushing ahead the research on architectural typologies and design in some specific world's areas, such as Switzerland and Japan.
Then, our typological studies will be formed by two parallel and integrated activities. The first one, already mentioned, is made of lectures; the second will be based on a series of graphic exercises that students will make, individually, to go deeper into the analysis and comprehension of the samples treated in the lectures. These exercises will be composed of a part of sketching and drawing and a part of textual notes, and will be presented and discussed in class to help all students to better understand the possibility of keeping together culture and technique, the studying and the making, the reading and the drawing.
Modalità di valutazione
The final assessment will be based on the knowledge that the student can demonstrate on the projects and the buildings treated in the lectures and in the exercises. These projects will be analyzed in class and can be further studied in books and magazines. On the other hand, for the students who will follow the course, the skill acquired through the graphic exercises will be highly evaluated.
Bibliographical references, given here and during the lectures, have to be taken as a suggestion which helps in developing a cultural background on architectural design.
Andrea Palladio, I quattro libri dell'architettura / The four books of architecture, Anno edizione: 1570 Note:
BC COM V. 000284
Le Corbusier, Vers une architecture / Towards an architecture (Towards a new architecture), Anno edizione: 1923
Jean-Louis Cohen, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Editore: Birkhäuser, Anno edizione: 2007 Note:
BCA 720.92 MIESVD 002
Colin Rowe, The mathematics of the ideal villa and other essays , Editore: MIT Press, Anno edizione: 1976 Note:
Consider the essay which gives the title to the entire book.
BC C 000452
Peter Eisenman, Ten canonical buildings : 1950-2000, Editore: Rizzoli, Anno edizione: 2008
Rafael Moneo, Theoretical anxiety and design strategies in the work of eight contemporary architects , Editore: MIT Press, Anno edizione: 2004
Antony Vidler, Claude Nicolas Ledoux : architecture and utopia in the era of the french revolution, Editore: Birkhauser, Anno edizione: 2006 Note:
BCA 720.92 LEDOCN 005
John Wilton-Ely, Piranesi as architect and designer, Editore: Yale University, Anno edizione: 1993
Alejandro Aravena, Andrés Iacobelli, Elemental : manual de vivienda incremental y diseo participativo = incremental housing and participatory design manual, Editore: Hatje Cantz, Anno edizione: 2012 Note:
BCA 728.10922 ARAVA
Thomas Schumacher, Surface & symbol : Giuseppe Terragni and the architecture of italian rationalism, Editore: Princeton architectural Press, Anno edizione: 1991 Note:
BCA 720.92 TERRG 022
Nessun software richiesto
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese