Topic 1: Fundamentals of building physics
In this part of the course, fundamentals of conductive, convective and radiative heat transfer are reviewed, and these concepts are next employed in the context of building physics. Next, the characteristics of solar radiation are explained, providing the student with the possibility of calculating the available irradiation at a specific location, wall direction and time. The concept of thermal comfort is next presented in detail, which enables the students to understand the reason behind the standard choices of desired internal condition in both heating and cooling cases. In the next step, psychrometric fundamentals and the governing equations of humid air are reviewed and the students will learn how to use the psychrometric chart in order to calculate the heat and moisture transfer in air-conditioning processes.
The students will then learn about the standard simplifications for calculating the heat transfer through the walls and windows and how to use the corresponding tables. The underlying physical phenomena behind the internal heat gains and infiltration are then presented and the standard methods for determining the corresponding values in buildings are introduced.
Finally, employing the previously presented concepts, the commonly used ASHRAE methods, for calculating the heating and cooling loads in residential buildings (RLF method) and non-residential dwellings (heat balance method) are presented.
Accordingly, the first part of the course is made up of the following sub-topics:
1.1 Review of conductive and convective heat transfer
1.2. Review of radiation heat transfer
1.3. Solar radiation
1.4. Heat transfer through walls and windows: simplifications
1.5. Heat Transfer through the ground and basement along with the thermal bridges (not included in the student evaluation)
1.6. Thermal Comfort
1.7. Psychrometric fundamentals
1.8. Heat gains and infiltration
1.9. Residential heating and cooling load calculation, ASHRAE RLF method
1.10. Non-Residential heating and cooling load calculation, ASHRAE Heat balance method
Python programming language is employed for conducting the above-mentioned calculations in an automatic manner. After utilizing python for carrying out single objective tasks, the students will use this tool to implement the whole calculation procedure of the RLF method. GIT version control system and GitHub are utilized for sharing the corresponding codes.
OpenStudio (an EnergyPlus based tool) is also introduced and is then utilized for carrying out the heat balance method in order to calculate the heating and cooling load of commercial buildings.
Topic 2: Data-driven Building simulation
In this part of the course, data-driven methods, as alternative approaches for simulating the energetic performance of the buildings, are introduced. Python programming language is similarly employed for implementing the presented procedures.
Python programming language is employed for implementing the data-driven modelling methodology.
Topic 3: Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems
This topic of the course is devoted to presenting different categories of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Accordingly, refrigeration fundamentals are first reviewed and next different heating and cooling systems are introduced. All-air system, as a commonly used centralized HVAC system, is extensively discussed and its corresponding components, operation principles, design criteria, and control methods are explained. Furthermore, commonly used decentralized HVAC systems including the window conditioner and the split systems along with their components and characteristics are presented in detail. Therefore, this subject includes the following sub-topics:
3.1 centralized heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems
3.2 decentralized heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems
Topic 4: Solar thermal systems
In this topic, fundamentals of solar thermal units are first introduced, and different types of solar thermal cycles, categories of solar thermal collector, storage units, various applications of solar thermal system, and their sizing procedure are next presented. Hence, this topic includes the following items:
4.1 Solar thermal unit configurations
4.2 Solar thermal collectors
4.3 Storage units for solar thermal systems
4.4 Applications of solar thermal systems
4.5 Sizing procedure and corresponding calculation for solar thermal units