TARP Textile Architecture Research Paths |Theoretical and Experimental Understanding of Membranes and Shells in Architecture and Construction
Prof.ssa Carol Monticelli
ICAR 12 Technological and Environmental Design > Progettazione tecnologica e ambientale
Prof.ssa Alessandra Zanelli
ICAR 12 Building Systems Experimental Design > Sperimentazione di sistemi costruttivi
Thesis Supervisors and Co-Supervisors:
Carol Monticelli, Salvatore Viscuso, Alessandra Zanelli
TARP thesis workshop aims to offer a three stages path of design-prototype development-applied research that focuses on the textile materiality and its multiple application in architecture, in built environment and in landscape. Global challenges such as the climate change, the green new deal, the circularity of construction and the critical understanding of strategies for sustainable well-being with the level of development achieved by the different countries of the world will constitute the problematic starting point, from which students will be asked to answer by developing a real-case project, located in a specific context and targeting a specific granularity, which can vary from the infrastructural and landscape scale to the building components one, passing through the interior design and the architectural building level. Textile material will become the main learning-by-doing tool to tackle the most salient design issues today – such as natured-base design, time-based design, the renewal of current housing models with respect to new life and work needs, the adaptability of the facades, the reusability of building elements, the sustainable end of life of building materials and products. Textiles, woven and non-woven, bio-based of petrol-based will be explored and compared, as they seem to be still not properly tested sand applied in architecture, nor for their shaping potentials neither for their structural strength. Thus, TARP workshop is looking for new visions on how architecture can incorporate the concepts of minimisation of non-renewable resources and the reversibility of construction, meant as sustainable answer to our ever changing needs.
TARP workshop also relays upon the following multidisciplinary research labs and networks:
- Interdepartmental Laboratory Textiles HUB, with the possible involvement of specialists of the fields: Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Industrial Design, Energy and Building Physics, at Politecnico di Milano;
- European networking association TensiNet, the Association of all parties interested in the development of tensioned membrane construction, Brussels;
- International Association on Spacial Structures, Barcelona;
- Society of Architectural Technology, Italy;
- Association Rete Italiana LCA, Italy;
- International Federation of Red Crosses and Crescent Moon – Shelter Research Unit, Luxembourg;
- International Academy for Design & Health, Australia.
For the current year TARP aims to deal with the following set of 10 topics, that each student shall develop at an appropriate scale of intervention.
Field of interest: Wellbeing, Smart Materials |Thesis research path: Development of an interactive pressure-sensitive textile flooring for active ageing and safety of the elderly
Field of interest: Bio-based Materials, Smart Materials; Hybridisation of materials |Thesis research path:
Living Structural Materials. Prospects and challenges for using biological systems in façade construction
Field of interest: Building Information modelling, Industry 4.0, Computer-Aided Design and manufacturing|Thesis research path: Agile façade manufacturing. Advantages and challenges for delaying the point of final differentiation of façade components and reducing the product proliferation
Field of interest: Sheltering, Temporary architecture, Emergency, Performative design, Adaptability| Thesis research path: Temporary habitat for extreme/emergency conditions, towards resilient technological building systems
Field of interest: Urban technological devices, air purification strategies; woven and non-woven filters | Thesis research path: Technical textiles for the mitigation of environmental and acoustical pollution. Potentialities of the application of innovative filtering skins at urban and building scale.
Field of interest: Urban technological devices, textile meshes, fog water harvesting, water circularity, waste water in the urban context, LCA, social impact. |Thesis research path: Fog and Dew harvesting through textile meshes and fabrics. Innovative scenarios of water supplying, in the metropolitan context.
Field of interest: Eco-efficiency of membranes and textiles, recycling chain of membranes and textiles, end of life scenarios and practices, re-using, re-manufacturing, LCA.| Thesis research path: The life cycle of membranes and textiles architecture. Understanding of the eco-efficiency design strategies at building scale and of the sustainability of the materials, from cradle to grave, from water to re-use/re-process.
Field of interest: Retrofitting of existing buildings, energetic consumption reduction, day lighting optimization, wallpaper, daylighting screens, self-standing solutions, smart textile solutions. |Thesis research path: Textile as lightweight upgrade of cultural heritage and existing building stocks.
Field of interest: Life cycle Assessment, Building Information modeling, Temporary architecture, Reuse of architecture components |Thesis research path: Durable temporariness. Integration of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for temporary structures
Field of interest: Portable architecture, Demountable architecture, Bending active structures, Textile Hybrid structural components, metal-free building systems; transitional shelters |Thesis research path: Backpack + House: development of a textile hybrid system, answering the desires of travelling and living in the nature.