L'insegnamento prevede 1.0 CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
Corso di Studi
Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
055971 - THEMATIC STUDIO
The Studio which addresses the question of the Architectural Design, on the various scales, in its complexity and multi-disciplinary nature. The studio experience, which integrates the various disciplines that contribute to design education, teaches students, in theory and in practice, to develop and formulate original ideas, including in a research context.
During these studios, students must demonstrate, through an independent formulation of a project, that they are able to develop highly innovative solutions, mastering the entire design procedure and the multiple skills called into play. Indeed, students will be required to develop original solutions to topics that architects are faced with due to increasingly complex problems on the European and international horizon.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and comprehension skills that provide them with awareness of the experimental work involved in design and express and apply original ideas in this area;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments;
- are able to develop highly innovative solutions, mastering the entire design procedure and the multidisciplinary knowledge they have acquired.
Place-identity is a dynamic process of unending construction and reinvention. Architectural design and research should express a critical approach towards the challenges and processes affecting the identity of historic and existing urban landscapes.
Design acts as a tool of knowledge, challenging the responsibility of a critical interpretation of settlements’ forms and historic formation, seen as a precondition for an integrated approach to the existing text in view of its conservation, modification and enhancement.
The Studio’s designs will deepen the relationship between old, preexisting and new, and analyse it in an integrated and multiscale approach.
Case studies are selected in both Italian and Chinese context with two different themes, confronting with their respective conditions of local and global phenomena, facing different tradition of intervention and current dynamics of transformation of heritage and landscapes.
The teaching consists of lectures, exercises and design development, combining theoretical and practical work.
Architectural design will arise from considering the mutual relationship between the urban structure and the buildings’ layout, showing particularly: the reading and interpretation of both city and landscape; the reason to be of the layout strategy; the skills in setting up a dialogue between heritage conservation and enhancement, rewriting of existent buildings and new buildings insertions; outdoor and public spaces remodelling.
Concepts and methods for reading building and places as historically, culturally, and stratified contexts will be introduced to provide interpretative and design tools to support the urban landscape strategy.
Lectures on ‘Architectural Composition’ issues, design themes, and case studies will also constitute a basis to deepen the architectural design.
As far as heritage buildings are concerned, ‘Architectural Preservation’ intends to provide, after a quick summary of the methodology for preservation of historic buildings, indications for a preservation and compatible reuse design.
The activity focusing on ‘Building Physics’ will provide students the methodology and tools to support the design for low carbon buildings and communities in the framework of regeneration processes. Special emphasis will be given on the rational use of energy and the use of low energy technologies and renewable energy sources in the design process.
The Studio designs assume the cases of two existing ‘skeletons-like’ buildings, in concrete (a school) and wood (an old factory) to be preserved and at the same time transformed and re-interpreted in their spatial arrangements, use, facades while enlarged with new buildings and integrated in new outdoor spaces.
The work develops from the following intersecting activities:
- At landscape scale, reading of physical characteristics, interpretation of tangible and intangible cultural values, evaluation of problems and opportunities, definition of landscape quality aims;
- At urban scale, mapping of the design context, reading typologies, morphologies, topographies and their historic layering and enhancement to define the rules for regeneration, revitalisation and modifications. Besides, also an analytic investigation of transformations over time will be analysed, in order to compare constructive logics and maintenance techniques.
- At building scale, the layered complexity of historic buildings will be analysed both in their architectural and typomorphological formal structures as well as in their structural and material reality. The reading will support potential intervention strategies: infill, rewriting, substitution, re-morphologisation.
The analysis will be also carried out through macroscopic survey of materials, technologies, decay and instabilities problems (causes and effects), as well as analysis, and diagnostic to preservation with a conservative, minimum and sustainable approach. The study of degradation processes of buildings materials in order to define appropriate techniques of conservation will support the project of reuse (including important related aspects of technological adaptations) and architectural integrations.
For existent modern buildings, the status quo will be investigated in their typological, constructive and spatial qualities in order to define problems and opportunities, as well as the logic of their rewriting. Rewriting will lead to new spatial arrangements and use, through infills, insertions, grafting, erasures, overwriting, while making still readable the previous text.
- At building physics level, an environmental conscious approach in the building energy design (envelope and technical systems) will be applied though concepts and advanced design tools, also in the context of rapid evolution of regulations on building energy efficiency.
Case studies will be presented and discussed.
All those activities will converge in the proposal for a design enhancement of a landscape section.
Study trip/Yearly workshop The studio is integrated with an eligible study trip in first term and a yearly spring workshop in China, substituting an elective course.
Modalità di valutazione
The studio work is organised through subsequent assignment to check on the progress of students’ works, such as term exercises, maquette studies, and mid-term workshop presentations, each targeted on specific goals concerning the design proposal.
Moreover, in the part of ‘Architectural Preservation’, students are required to go through the technical quizzes to verify learning and understanding of the topics achieved during the theoretical lectures.
Attendance to ex-cathedra lectures, presentation of the group/individual work, and participation in discussions are compulsory. Active and constant participation in weekly reviews, collective discussions and workshops, as well as mid-term analytical works and exercises works evaluated during the semester will contribute to the final evaluation.
The final evaluation is centred on the design project while considering the evaluation in previous assignments. It will take into consideration the general learning skills and progress made, knowledge and understanding demonstrated through the application to the case study and design work, the capability of making judgements based on knowledge, and the communication skills in relation to the contents.
Specifically, it will consist of evaluating the quality and depth of the design work, the understanding demonstrated through the analysis work and design achievements of each working group (mid-term exercises, mapping, booklets, design, drawings and models), as well as in testing individually the student’s knowledge, understanding and presentation skills (critical awareness on the contents and theoretical issues covered in the Studio programme as well as on related bibliographical subjects).
Below the main bibliographical references, others will be provided and shared on Google drive during the course as well as the lectures’ slides.
Specific bibliography (books chapters, papers, articles) complementing the general course bibliography will be suggested during the course.
A. Rossi, The Architecture of the City , Editore: (1966), MIT Press, Anno edizione: 1982, ISBN: 0954836618
C. Rowe, F. Koetter, Collage City, Editore: MIT Press, Anno edizione: 1978
L.A. Pezzetti, Continuare a scrivere nel paesaggio storico: Lettura, interpretazione, figurazione. , Editore: LetteraVentidue, Anno edizione: 2020, ISBN: 978-88-6242-454-7
L.A. Pezzetti, Architetture per la scuola. Impianto, forma, idea , Editore: CLEAN, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 9788884972323
L.A. Pezzetti, Space-Places and the Third Teacher. The Issue of Architectural Space in the Age of Knowledge Cities and Schools 3.0, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2019, ISBN: 978-3-030-33687-5
L.A. Pezzetti, Layered Morphologies and Latent Structures:Reading, Decoding, Rewriting to Henhance Historic Rurban Lanscape, Editore: Shanghai: Tongji University Press, Anno edizione: 2019
L.A. Pezzetti, Principi Compositivi nell'opera di Louis Kahn, in Cinque interventi sulla composizione architettonica (2010), Editore: Libraccio Editore, Milano, Anno edizione: 2014
F. Butera, R.S. Adhikari, N. Aste, Sustainable Building Design for Tropical Climates, Editore: UN-Habitat - UNON, Publishing Services Section, Anno edizione: 2015, ISBN: 9789211326444
S. Szokolay, Introduction to architectural science : the basis of sustainable design, Editore: Architectural press, Anno edizione: 2008
N. Lechner, Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-04809-2
European Quality Principles for Eu-founded Intervention with Potential Impact upon Cultural Heritage, Editore: Icomos International Secretariat, Anno edizione: 2019
G. Carbonara, An Italian Contribution to Architectural Restoration in "Frontiers of Architectural Research" (2012) 1, 2-9 , Anno edizione: 2012
J. Jokilehto, Thought towards an international approach to the Conservation of Cultural Property https://www.icomos.org/charters/archives-e.pdfB. FEILDEN, CONSERVATION OF HISTORIC BUILDINGS , Editore: ELSEVIER, OXFORD, Anno edizione: 2003 https://www.icomos.org/charters/archives-e.pdfAA.VV, Guide for the structural rehabilitation of heritage buildings, edited by CIB Commission W023-Wall structures , Anno edizione: 2010 http://site.cibworld.nl/dl/publications/pub335.pdfICOMOS, The Icomos charter for the interpretation and presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites, Anno edizione: 2008 http://www.international.icomos.org/charters/interpretation_e.pdfICOMOS, Charter on Principles for analysis, conservation and structural restoration of Architectural Heritage , Anno edizione: 2003 https://www.icomos.org/charters/structures_e.pdfICOMOS, Principles for the recording of Monuments, groups of buildings and sites, Anno edizione: 1996 https://www.icomos.org/charters/archives-e.pdf
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese