The course provides an effective mastery of the most advanced digital modelling techniques, deepening the methodologies of algorithmic and parametric modelling with reference to architecture. The tutoring activity focused on the learning of innovative teaching instrumental framework to architectural design, which requires specific time for in-depth study and subsequent integrations in the student’s course of study.
The training activity uses specific tools and different software plugins, considering the student body formed by digital natives, with their own intuitive capabilities and knowledge. The innovative teaching includes logical structures that can be integrated, of simulative, generative and multi-scale type, contemplating collective places and moments of comparison for the integration of specific potentials and formal structures. The course is divided into 5 parts:
- Digital modelling with Rhinoceros
Intensive study session on the main NURBS modelling techniques using Rhino commands, acquired through the development of paradigmatic case studies and the re-design of a facade system for the Homework 1.
- Algorithm modelling with Grasshopper
Gradual learning of Grasshopper, from the presentation of the main features of the interface and its working environment to the basic principles of form generation through algorithms. The lessons deepen the study of mathematical sequences, conditional logics, data structures, patterns, NURBS and mesh modelling, optimization methods and attractors. Training Homeworks are distributed for each task analyzed during the lessons.
- Environmental analysis and geometric optimization of architectural shell
Study sessions focuses on the optimization of architectural shells and the use of Grasshopper in synergy with environmental analysis software and physical simulation. As a fundamental objective, the geometric optimization of the envelope and the generation of the form as a result of environmental inputs is parametrically investigated by using the plugins Ladybug, Honeybee and Mosquito, with links to the software EnergyPlus, Radiance, Daysim and OpenStudio. Homework exercises are used to better explore the tools shown during the lessons.
- Digital fabrication
The content for this task bases on the digital fabrication strategies that are developed in FabLabs using Grasshopper. Through Rhino 3D modelling, the lesson explores the various methods of digital fabrication and how it affects the design process based the following scenarios: Slice, Fold, Tile, Skin and Carve.
- Analysis and structural optimization
The last Milestone explores the strategies and the main techniques of analysis, topological optimization and structural dimensioning through the use of the physics engine Kangaroo, integrated with plugins for Finite-Element-Analysis such as Karamba3D. The lesson explains how to manage interactive simulations, form-finding, constraint solving and accurate analysis of spatial trusses, frames and shells.