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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2019/2020
Tipo incarico Dottorato
Insegnamento 055117 - SCIENTIFIC REASONING: PHILOSOPHY, LOGIC AND APPLICATIONS
Docente Valente Giovanni
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Dottorato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
MI (1300) - SCUOLA DI DOTTORATOAZZZZ055117 - SCIENTIFIC REASONING: PHILOSOPHY, LOGIC AND APPLICATIONS

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The question what type of reasoning we should adopt in science in order to obtain reliable results is of outmost importance. For instance, consider the relation between theories and data. On the one hand, observational and experimental data constitute the empirical basis from which we can construct general theoretical laws; on the other hand, such laws enable us to make further predictions, and hence data are used to confirm or disconfirm the proposed theories too. The choice of the appropriate reasoning that can lead one from the existing data to theories, and then from theories to future data, is crucial in the context of both the discovery and justification of scientific results. However, an analysis of the methodologies employed in the practice of science shows that there are various, and even mutually incompatible, forms of scientific reasoning. That raises profound philosophical issues concerning the foundations of science itself. To what extent are these forms of reasoning reliable? Can they be logically formalized? And what is, if any, the correct form to adopt?

This course proposes to investigate the logic of scientific reasoning as well as its application in different fields, from physics, mathematics and computer science to medicine, economics and the social sciences. The aim is to provide PhD students with the basic logical tools needed to recognize and critically use the various forms of reasoning employed in the practice of science and decision making.


Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

In order to receive the full CFU and the mark, each enrolled PhD student must attend at least 4 lectures out of 5 and the final workshop.


Intervallo di svolgimento dell'attività didattica
Data inizio
Data termine

Calendario testuale dell'attività didattica

Tuesday, June 16 2020 : On-line

9:30     Marianna Antonutti Marfori (Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy): Deduction

14:30   Gustavo Cevolani (IMT Lucca): Induction

 

Wednesday, June 17 2020 : On-line

9:30   Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen (Nazarbayev University): Abduction

14:30 Paul Bartha (University of British Columbia): Analogy

 

Friday, June 19 2020 : On-line

9:30 Fabrizio Macagno (Universidade Nova de Lisboa): Argumentation

 


Bibliografia

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
lezione
25.0
esercitazione
0.0
laboratorio informatico
0.0
laboratorio sperimentale
0.0
progetto
0.0
laboratorio di progetto
0.0

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
17/05/2021