Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2019/2020
Tipo incarico Dottorato
Docente Lavagna Monica
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Dottorato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The objective of the course is to introduce to the use of environmental sustainability metrics as tools that measure the benefits achieved through a sustainability strategy, leading to informed environmental decisions.

The course will explain in detail the LCA methodology, with examples and exercises.

Various ways of measuring environmental sustainability have been developed, attempting to quantify beyond the generic concept and to evaluate the efficacy of green design principles and policies (i.e. toward “A resource-efficient Europe”, “Europe 2020”). Different metrics are used for different application areas (e.g. impacts related to a person, to a country, to a product).

For the European Commission, Life Cycle Assessments provide the best framework for assessing the potential environmental impacts of products and services currently available.

LCA is a method to evaluate the environmental performance of products and services through all phases of their life cycle (extracting raw materials; transportation; manufacturing; use and maintenance; recycling, and final disposal) by identifying and quantifying energy and materials used and emissions and wastes released to the environment. Carbon footprint, water footprint, environmental footprint are all LCA based. The final objective of this evaluation is to identify and evaluate opportunities to affect environmental improvements.

LCA methodology can be applied to different sectors and is used in business and policy making.

No preliminary knowledge is necessary. The course is open to any disciplinary area.



Monica Lavagna, Polimi, ABC

Architect, Ph.D., Associate Professor in Architectural Technology. Her field of studies is the LCA applied to buildings, buildings materials and construction sector.

Giovanni Dotelli, Polimi, CMIC

Chemical Engineer, Ph.D., Associate Professor in Science and Technology of Materials. His field of studies is the LCA applied to materials, in different sectors of application.

Lucia Rigamonti, Polimi, DICA

Environmental engineer, Ph.D., Senior Researcher in Environmental and Sanitary Engineering. The main topic of her research is LCA applied to waste technologies and waste management systems.

Paco Melià, Polimi, DEIB

Environmental engineer, Ph.D., Assistant Professor in Ecology. His field of studies is the ecological systems and the environmental indicators to assess sustainability.

Paolo Masoni, ENEA

Past President SETAC Europe, Head of the LCA & Ecodesign R&D laboratory ENEA, Past President Rete Italiana LCA, Italian representative in the Environmental Footprint Technical Advisory Board, of the European Commission, Member of the Italian Government Committee for Sustainable Consumption and Production and Green Public Procurement, Project Manager of several international projects.

Serenella Sala, EC JRC IES

scientific officer of European Commission - Joint Research Centre · Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) · Sustainability Assessment Unit Italy, European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), develops methodologies and models for sustainable development, integrated environmental assessment, life cycle assessment for supporting eco-innovation of process and products as well as resource efficiency.

Gregor Wernet, Ecoinvent

involved with Ecoinvent (Zurich, CH) since 2005, first as a member of the Expert Group, later as an International Project Coordinator, and as the Executive Manager since 2012. He is also the editor for chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Originally hailing from Germany, he has a PhD in Chemistry from ETH Zurich. Ecoinvent is the Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, founded by institutes of the ETH Zurich and the Swiss Federal Offices, and is the most world widely used LCA database.


Primary references will be slides of the lectures, papers and documents (free available on internet) given during the course.

Other references:

ISO 14040:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework

ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines




Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The learning evaluation will be based on group exercises (in classroom) and individual paper realted to the topics of the course and the doctoral thesis.

Intervallo di svolgimento dell'attività didattica
Data inizio
Data termine

Calendario testuale dell'attività didattica

“Sustainability metrics. An introduction”

“Ecological footprint and sustainability metrics related to persons and countries”

 “Life Cycle Assessment. An introduction”

 “Life Cycle Assessment. Step 1. Goal and scope definition, functional unit, system boundaries, assumptions and limitations, allocation methods”

 “Life Cycle Assessment. Step 2. Life Cycle Inventory and quality of data”

 Exe  “LCA. Step 1-2. exercise”

 “Life Cycle Inventory and quality of data. The Ecoinvent database”

 “Life Cycle Assessment. Step 3-4. Life cycle impact assessment; Interpretation of results”

 Exe “LCA. Step 3-4. exercise”

 “Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Methodologies development” and “EPLCA | European Platform on LCA”

“International policies and developments”

“Environmental Footprints. PEF and OEF”

"Social LCA"


Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaWalter Klopffer, Birgit Grahl, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): A Guide to Best Practise, Editore: Wiley, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 978-3-527-32986-1

Software utilizzato
Nessun software richiesto

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
laboratorio informatico
laboratorio sperimentale
laboratorio di progetto

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.8.0 / 1.8.0
Area Servizi ICT