The Architectural Preservation Studio is organized into two disciplines: Advanced Surveying Techniques (L. Barazzetti), which is a characterizing topic, and Architectural Preservation Studio. The main subject of the course is a project of conservation of architectural heritage. Hence, the activity of the Studio aims at giving the student critical and technical tools to elaborate a project for the conservation of historic buildings intended as a process for care of architectural heritage.
The course of Survey Advanced Techniques, which is strictly related to Architectural Preservation, gives the student innovative theoretical, technical and practical tools for architectural surveying, with particular reference to architectural heritage. The course intends to promote knowledge of the most innovative techniques of surveying, however, also considering critical analyses of the techniques.
The Course of Architectural Preservation Studio gives the students some essential tools for a proper approach to projects of conservation and for the elaboration of solutions for compatible reuses of historical buildings.
The activity of the Studio concerns the analysis of constructive and maintenance techniques, of the different ways of using a building, analytic investigations of these transformations over time, and a consequent awareness of the complexity of historic buildings, which is the major value; the processes of structural and material degradation which affect buildings; the study of techniques of conservation of buildings materials and structures in relation to the reasons which caused them; definition and elaboration of projects of reuse, including important, related aspects of technological adaptations. Particular attention is also given to the topic of accessibility and technological adaptation of historic buildings which are considered an important part of the project of reuse.
Lectures are organized according to the following topics:
- A. ANALYSES OF HISTORIC BUILDING AND STRATIFICATIONS:
historic research (archives, bibliography, iconography),
measurement, photographic surveying, scale of representation, tools and procedures including laser scanning technology and digital photogrammetry;
- ANALYSES OF DEGRADATION:
recording and interpretation of the most evident effects of damage and interpretation of the reasons which caused them;
study of measures to resolve or reduce degradation;
- ANALYSES OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE:
recording of the mechanisms of damage and of possible structural deficiency;
interpretation of the causes which determined them, monitoring, and non-destructive analyses;
- PROJECT OF CONSERVATION:
assessment of the techniques of conservation of building materials, reinforcement of structures with particular attention to the idea of minimum intervention and to the related conceptions of compatibility and reversibility;
- PROJECT OF REUSE: with particular attention to compatibility of the project with the characteristics and vulnerability of the building. The topic also involves analyses of experiences and case studies.
Each topic listed above will be considered within a synthesis of the phases of analyses and project, which will be the most important characteristic of the project of conservation of historical buildings. This aspect is also introduced in the practical work of the student.
Practical work deals with the study of a historical building or a group of historical buildings, which are proposed by professors, where projects of conservation, as defined during lectures, will be experimented. The final result will be a balance between theoretical issues and technical aspects, which always characterize architectural conservation.