Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1098) URBAN PLANNING AND POLICY DESIGN - PIANIFICAZIONE URBANA E POLITICHE TERRITORIALI
054685 - LAND USE ETHICS AND THE LAW
The course aims at providing a critical introduction to questions of law and ethics in planning.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
At the end of the course students are expected to demonstrate: (i) awareness of the complexity of issues in law and ethics; (ii) awareness of the historical roots of contemporary planning rules; (iii) capability of critically reading and understanding planning laws and rules; (iv) capacity to write clear and effective planning rules; (v) awareness of different perspectives and challenges in applied ethics; (vi) capability of critically discussing planning problems and dilemmas from different ethical views; (vii) capability of communicating all this in effective products and formats (e.g., papers).
The course is focused on two aspects (and divided in two parts): regulatory issues and ethical problems.
The first part of the course (‘Forms and methods of regulation’) is focused on the norms and regulations that affect urban quality, and the instruments and devices that can help in improving them. Clearly, we need rules to be able to live together in complex contemporary cities while each achieving our own personal objectives, but not any kind of system of rules is able to adequately fulfil this purpose. In other words, not just any kind of sets or rules of conduct is effective. In this perspective central question include these: How can we regulate land-use in a manner that is not only legitimate but also effective? What kind of rules do we want the local government to make as a framework for the individual choices about the use of scarce resources? What rights should the local government have over privately owned land? What are the ‘public law’ instruments and what are they used to achieve? Could certain goals be achieved by ‘private law’ instruments (covenants, easements, co-ownership...)? What are the economic and distributional effects of different kind of rules? In general terms: How can the practice of land-use regulation be improved?
The second part of the course (‘Land use and environmental ethics’) is focused on the ethical problems regarding collective and professional choices in the urban realm, in order to increase students’ awareness of these complex but inevitable issues. All land-use decisions invariably involve ethical choices. Land-use decisions have tremendous social and economic implications: they affect the condition and quality of the natural and built environment, and the basic quality of people’s life. In this perspective fundamental questions include these: What are the grounds that support our ethical (and aesthetic) standards? What is the extent of the moral community to which ethical consideration in land-use matters is due? What is the nature of the ethical obligations owed to members of this moral community? Does our generation gain at the expense of future generations? What is the correct role to be played by citizens in the land-use decision-making process? Must all individuals affected by land-use decisions be involved in the decision-making process? What theory of (democratic) representation should elected officials involved in land-use matters adhere to? What is the proper role of government in a market economy? Is private property ultimately a creation of society and, as a result, does society have the legitimate authority to periodically retract or modify these rights? Given a society’s commitment to certain political ideals such as tolerance and equal respect, how can all its members and groups best live together and share a common physical space? How do de facto conditions or local government policies affect space in ways that impinge on tolerance and respect for multiple groups? In what ways might the dominant culture be said to be blind to the minority group experience of space? To what degree is space experienced and regulated with regard to sedentary versus (semi-)nomadic, urban versus non-urban or ex-urban ways of life? What is the correct use (and design) of public spaces in our multicultural urban realms? How to reconcile tradition and pluralism in our contemporary cities? Is there a conflict between justice and beauty?
No specific prerequisites are required for this course.
Modalità di valutazione
Students can choose to take either a written exam or an oral exam (in both cases based on open questions focused on topics covered by the programme, and intended to reveal the student's ability to connect the various topics).
Timothy Beatley, Ethical Land Use, Editore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Anno edizione: 1994, ISBN: 0801846994 Note:
Recommended for English speaking students (First part of the course: 'Land use and Environmental ethics')
Barrie Nedham, Planning, Law and Economics, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 0415343747 Note:
Recommended for English speaking students (Second part of the course: 'Forms and methods of regulation')
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese