1. Photophysics of semiconductors
Elements of quantum mechanics.
Light-matter interaction: semiclassical theory.
Interaction of an electromagnetic field with a semiconductor.
Time-dependent perturbation theory.
Density matrix formalism.
Bulk semiconductors and Quantum Wells: density of states, selection rules, absorption and gain coefficients.
2. Semiconductor Lasers
Quantum Well Lasers
Distributed Feedback Lasers (DFB)
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL)
Quantum Cascade Lasers
3. Incoherent emitters
Inorganic Light Emitting Diodes (LED)
Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED)
4. Introduction to Radiometry
Definition of radiometric quantities
Theorem of conservation of radiance
Radiance and irradiance of one optical image
Basic principles of photometry
5. Radiation detectors
Junction detectors (p-n and p-i-n photodiode, avalanche photodiode)
Charged-Coupled Devices (CCD) and CMOS
Noise in detectors
6. Introduction to quantum optics
Quantization of a single-mode field
Single mode quantum optics:
- the number states and the coherent states
Vacuum fluctuations and zero-point energy