Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
051513 - URBAN DESIGN STUDIO
The Studio explores the fields of action of the urban planning within the current contexts, characterized by a socio-economic transition that raises new questions about technical knowledge and its tradition. In the Studio, therefore: are experienced new forms of urban planning, useful in addressing the emerging problems of contemporary territories; are constructed problematic frameworks of design alternatives; are tested the relations between the spatial transformation of landscapes and the regulatory dimension of the urban design.
Finally, the Studio focuses on the crucial issues of the identity of places in a time in which new life cycles for existing housing structures need to be imagined in a perspective of prudent and sustainable development.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the techniques and tools of urban design;
- acquire knowledge and understanding of a critical approach to urban and landscape design on the various scales, correlated to work planning, economic and feasibility assessment, and accessibility design;
- are capable of doing historical and critical analysis and interpretation of locations and contexts;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments.
The Urban Design Studio aims at strengthening the theoretical and technical skills which are necessary to tackle with the main contemporary issues of urban planning and design. For instance, the relationships between: (i) general planning frameworks and strategies, and local urban projects; (ii) finance and economic resources, and local needs; (iii) public administrations and stakeholders; trans-scalar material networks (e.g., environmental, landscape, transport) and intangible networks (e.g., cultural, digital, economic, social), and multi-scalar urban spaces. Furthermore, (i) the functional and morphological consistency of urban change processes and projects with their context; (ii) the methods and techniques for intervention in contemporary cities by referring to principles of sustainability and equity; (iii) the urban planning and design rules.
On this wide background, the Urban Design Studio focuses on specific and timely issues for contemporary urban planning and design. Against the backdrop of increasingly dual development trends of contemporary cities, which are led by several factors (e.g. financial and economic globalization and crisis, cultural neoliberalism), the Studio focuses on multiple forms of diversity: that is, cultural, economic, social or spatial diversities, which represent one of the main problems of contemporary cities to be addressed by the policy makers, but also one of the main opportunities for urban planning and design to go beyond growth-dependence dynamics.
The Urban Design Studio aims to define as well as to exploit within urban planning and design processes these multifaceted forms of diversity, exploring the multiple contradictions of contemporary urban phenomena and dynamics. Theoretical lessons, analyses of international case studies and workshop activities will deal with contradictions between: (i) global investments and local poverties; (ii) big urban transformation projects and molecular urban regeneration processes; (iii) urban recentralization and sprawl; (iv) urban gentrification and shrinkage; urban spectacle and social segregation; (v) gated communities and social inclusion; (vi) economic and social innovation; (vii) public and private facilities and spaces; (viii) smart and sharing city.
According to these multiple contradictions, sometimes explicit and often implicit, Milan and other global cities will be the content of part of the lessons, as well as the object of field visits, international seminars, and workshop activities which the Urban Design Studio consists of. Through this set of theoretical and empirical activities, the Studio aims to provide the students with theoretical and technical knowledge for: (i) planning and designing conditions for new quality of urban living in contemporary cities; (ii) dealing with manifold forms of diversity of contemporary urban phenomena and dynamics. In particular, theoretical and empirical activities will focus on: (i) the analyses of contemporary urban spaces and actors; (ii) the regeneration of the built city, both in its historical identity and in its recent components; (iii) the preservation and enhancement of collective resources; (iv) the increase of cultural, economic, environmental and social performances of urban spaces, in order to increase the urban resilience to a multifaceted crisis.
Assuming these main goals, the Urban Design Studio addresses the contemporary city project through updated and trans-scalar tools of urban planning and design. On one hand, the urban plan defines an overall scenario, setting a medium-long spatial scheme, and indicating the strategic priorities and performance guidelines for the urban development. On the other hand, the urban design verifies the adequacy and consistency of the planning strategies and rules with the characteristics of the urban context (functional and morphological; environmental and socio-economic).
Therefore, within the Urban Design Studio, the urban plan and project address the post growth-dependence regeneration of contemporary cities by working on its main components: the built environment, the open space connections, and the social composition. The challenge is to experiment with and carry out a revised form of masterplan, as a procedural and gradual tool that defines an overall program and a spatial structure of the interventions for the contemporary cities in interaction with their multiple actors. Accordingly, the workshop activities of the Studio will start from the interpretation and evaluation of the spatial and infrastructural, environmental and socio-economic features of different territorial contexts located within the urban core of the Milan Metropolitan City, that will be chosen by the students in cooperation with teachers and tutors. In particular, these contexts will be selected on the basis of the emerging forms of urban diversity and related contradictions. This analysis will be propaedeutic to the development of an urban regeneration plan and project concerning the selected territorial transect and related zoom-in areas.
Modalità di valutazione
Within the Urban Design Studio, whose attendance is compulsory, the two teaching modules of Urban Design and Urban Planning are totally integrated, and all the activities and related evaluations will be shared.
Three are the goals which are crucial in the learning process for the students of the Urban Design Studio: (i) the development of theoretical and technical skills in conducting the urban analyses, and in understanding the complexity and consistency of the urban phenomena and dynamics; (ii) the identification of rules and actors for the urban planning and design processes and tools; (iii) the development of theoretical and technical skills in planning and designing multi-scalar urban spaces.
Besides lectures, field visits and international seminars, the Urban Design Studio includes workshop activities, which articulate into four exercises, individual and in group (max 5 persons), that will be developed also through the assistance of teachers and tutors during the revisions and the intermediate presentations in classroom.
The Exercise 1 (individual) asks to the students to critically analyse an international case study, that is relevant for the topic of the Studio, through the development of a short book with text, schemes, diagrams, drawings and/or images.
The Exercise 2 (in group of max 5 persons) asks to the students to describe and interpret urban phenomena and dynamics by conducting a socio-spatial analysis of a territorial context, that will be selected in the Milan urban area according to the topic of the Studio, through the development of panels and a short report.
The Exercise 3 (in group of max 5 persons) asks to the students to test and improve their urban planning and design skills by defining a masterplan and a planivolumetric for a territorial context, that they analysed in Exercise 2, through the development of panels and a short report.
The Exercise 4 (individual) asks to the students to read and understand theoretical lessons and bibliographical references, which are relevant for the urban planning and design, and for the specific topic of the Studio.
All the didactic activities of the Urban Design Studio, as well as the specific contents and deadlines of the four workshop exercises, will be explained in a detailed calendar, that will be available at the beginning of the course.
For each exercise, there will be a partial mark, that will be connected to the quality of the required products, and to the capability to critically re-elaborate and discuss the topics of the Studio.
The final exam will concern the presentation and discussion of the all analysis and project phases of the workshop, with specific reference to the bibliography. The presentation will be organized as a public discussion in which every group will present its work (by highlighting the contribution of each member).
The final mark will be individual, as it will combine the evaluation of the different exercises, with the evaluation of the final presentation and discussion of the all analysis and project phases of the workshop. Specifically, the final mark will be connected to the quality of the required products, their coherence to the topic of the Studio, as well as their capability to apply the theoretical and technical references.
At the end of the Studio, the students will be able to explain and argue the content of the all analysis and project phases of the workshop, by highlighting the socio-spatial relationships between general planning strategies and urban design solutions.
Approximately, the final grade will be composed as follows: 20% class involvement (including the attendance to the Studio, and the active participation to the intermediate discussions and all the other scheduled activities), 30% theoretical knowledge (based on the theoretical lessons and bibliographical references); 50% final presentation of the all analysis and project phases of the workshop.
Armondi S., Di Vita S. (eds.), Milan: Productions, Spatial Patterns and Urban Change, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2018
Briata P., Beyond social mix: Looking for a path to rethink at planning in the cities of difference/Plurimondi, Anno edizione: 2012, Fascicolo: 10
Briata P., Growth-dependence and social polarisation. A critical view of the London Plans/Urbanistica, Anno edizione: 2018, Fascicolo: 159
Carmona M., Heath T., Oc T., Tiesdell S., Public Places Urban Spaces. The Dimensions of Urban Design, Editore: Architectural Press, Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2010
Palermo P.C., Ponzini D., Spatial Planning and Urban Development. Critical Perspectives, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2010
Rydin Y., The Future of Planning: Beyond Growth Dependence, Editore: University of Bristol Policy Press, Anno edizione: 2013
Balducci A., Fedeli V., Pasqui G., Strategic Planning for Contemporary Urban Regions, Editore: Ashgate, Anno edizione: 2011
European Union, Empowering People, Driving Change: Social Innovation in the European Union, Editore: European Union, Anno edizione: 2010
Fioretti C., Briata P., Consumption and encounter in (multi)cultural quarters. Reflecting on London and Rome's Banglatowns/Urban Research and Practice, Anno edizione: 2018
Firley E., Grön K., The Urban Masterplanning Handbook, Editore: John Wiley and Sons Publication, Anno edizione: 2013
Knieling J., Othengrafen F. (eds.), Cities in crisis. Socio-spatial impacts of the economic crisis in Southern European cities, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2016
Morandi C., Milan. The Great Urban Transformation, Editore: Marsilio, Anno edizione: 2007
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese