Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - PC (1085) SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN - ARCHITETTURA SOSTENIBILE E PROGETTO DEL PAESAGGIO
053249 - URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN STUDIO
Urban and Environmental Design studio focuses on the changing relationship between urban and rural areas, with the aim of defining design proposals able to re-organize the open spaces and enhance spaces of co-habitation between different “urban” and “rural” ways of life.
The Design studio activity takes advantages from the contribution of two disciplines: urban design and agronomy and food sciences.
According to an interdisciplinary approach, Design Studio proposes a proactive manner to planning peri-urban areas, endorsing the reason of the open and agricultural spaces, taking into account the relevance of the multifunctional agriculture in peri-urban areas, due to the societal and lifestyle transitions in these areas.
Design studio offers also a different view of agricultural landscapes planning. For this, it will be proposed a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of agronomy to landscape planning. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices (food and energy production), landscape patterns (conventional vs agroecological landscape) and natural resources (water, soil and biodiversity). To avoid potential risk of misunderstanding and underestimating the role of farming practices in peri-urban and rural landscapes dynamics, which could lead to ineffective management decisions regarding these landscapes, the Design studio offers an effective interdisciplinary approach that includes agronomic and environmental knowledge and tools.
Grappling with the urban and rural in non-dualistic ways, the Design studio offers analytical and design tools to dealing with hybrid forms of landscapes characterizing the peri-urban fringes, re-defining the peri-urban agriculture and its functions as a producer of goods and services for the citizens.
In this framework and from a project-oriented viewpoint, the Design studio will be finalized to :
selecting relevant issues relate to the urban-rural transition;
representing landscapes and urban practices where we can read the urban-rural transition;
integrate the goals of agricultural production into the multiple objectives of the landscape design and management;
testing a research by design approach, using the project as a mean of knowledge and research of urban-rural fringes, rather than a final prefiguration of a probable future.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The students will acquire:
awareness of the multiple dimensions and complexities of contemporary peri-urban areas and the role of the open spaces in these urban setting;
awareness of challenges, perspectives and approaches to analyze through a cross-scaling approach the urban-rural transition and the role of the open space in the contemporary literature debate;
capacity to manage and discuss issues and key concepts of the debate on the “Urban transition” and regional urbanization processes;
awareness of the key role of integrating farming practices in the characterization of contemporary landscape patterns, and in the design of future agricultural landscape scenarios;
ability to read the rural and natural landscape to (re)design farming systems to minimize the impacts on natural resources;
capability to collect, manage and process data and maps to deal with open spaces and infrastructure design, project of the urban-rural fringes, promotion of peri-urban agriculture;
capability to comment them in a critical understanding of their trends and technical forms;
capability to communicate all that in effective products and formats (i.e., a paper, a poster, a presentation, etc.).
With the aim of improving the integration between the urban needs and the distinctive features of a rural territory, the design activity focuses on the re-organization of the open spaces in selected project areas in which the tasks will be organized in three phases:
Phase 1 _ Interpreting the context through a cross-scale approach to produce an analytical framework of the existing territorial conditions concerning the infrastructural, environmental and settlement features (land uses, environmental system and open spaces; rural and natural landscape; infrastructures and facilities).
Phase 2 _ Proposing a Scenario as a tool able to identify the main action strategies for the medium and long term period and check the feasibility of different project solutions, reflecting upon the implications and the consequences of their implementation.
Phase 3 _ Developing a Masterplan able to identify a coherent and strategic set of design solutions, dealing with both the dimension of the spatial transformations and cross-scaling daily practices, to develop a system of interventions in the field of open spaces and infrastructure. Particular attention will be paid to the transformation of abandoned, underused and vacant spaces to increase land use efficiency and value, rehabilitate polluted land, increase key ecosystem services provision, strengthening the link between the urban fabric, open and green spaces and the rural environment.
The Design studio integrates lectures, site tours, design projects working sessions and debates among practitioners, researchers and students, according to the following organization:
kick-off activities to introduce, from different approaches (urban design, agronomy, landscape design), the selected theme and project areas, through lectures oriented on the main issues related to the case-study, as well as meetings with scholars, public administrations, local actors;
design activities as intensive work to interpret the context and its starting conditions, to imagine its possible transformation and its potentialities (concept, strategies, actions hypothesis definition), as well as to develop a Masterplan and reflect upon the implications and the consequences of its implementation;
final presentation to discuss the Design studio outcomes with professors, students and invited guests.
The lectures and further course materials are available on the Beep online platform.
The course is offered at the second semester in the first year of the MSc path and it is conceived to provide analytical, interpretative and design tools on infrastructure and open spaces, integrating two complementary disciplines (urban design and agronomy and food sciences, to complete a more general educational training path. Therefore no specific prerequisites are required.
Modalità di valutazione
The final mark will combine together:
the mid-term evaluations related to the preliminary outcomes of the design activity;
an examination of the theoretical concepts and readings proposed during the lectures;
the final outcomes of the Design studio, developed throughout the course and discussed deepened, updated and revised during the semester.
Amaducci S., Yin, X., & Colauzzi, M., Agrivoltaic systems to optimise land use for electric energy production. Applied energy, , Anno edizione: 2018, Fascicolo: 220
Bozovic et al., A Systems Approach to Sustainable, Resilient and Cost-Efficient Urban Development. Technical Report. Imperial College of London, Anno edizione: 2017 0.13140/RG.2.2.30628.07046European Commision, Towards an EU Research and Innovation policy agenda for Nature-Based Solutions & Re-Naturing Cities. Final Report of the Horizon 2020 Expert Group on Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities, Anno edizione: 2015
Gasparrini C., In the city on the cities, Editore: LIST Lab, Trento, Anno edizione: 2015, ISBN: 978-8898774357
Pucci P. Colleoni M (eds), Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities, Springer , Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 978-3-319-22578-4
Pucci P., Vecchio G., Enabling mobilities. Planning tools for people and their mobilities, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2019, ISBN: 978-3-030-19580-9
Scognamiglio A., 'Photovoltaic landscapes': design and assessment. A critical review for a new transdisciplinary design vision. Renew Sustain Energy Rev , Editore: 2016, Fascicolo: 55 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.072.Shannon K., Smets M., The Landscape of Contemporary Infrastructure, Editore: Nai Publisher, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 9056627201
Zasadaa I., Multifunctional peri-urban agriculture. A review of societal demands and the provision of goods and services by farming. In Land Use Policy , Anno edizione: 2011, Fascicolo: 28 , pp. 639¿ 648 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.072.
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese