L'insegnamento prevede 4.0 CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
Cotutela con mondo esterno
Blended Learning & Flipped Classroom
Corso di Studi
Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - PC (1085) SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN - ARCHITETTURA SOSTENIBILE E PROGETTO DEL PAESAGGIO
053243 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO 1
The Studio proposes an experience in architectural design facing the proper complexity of the process. Contextual, typological, functional, constructive, expressive and formal issues of the architectural design process will be treated in their mutual relationship and interaction. The design is challenged to critically appreciate ongoing transformations in real contexts and propose appropriate solutions.
To achieve this goal students are guided: in a first phase, in the comprehension of the context of the project, in the evaluation of the alternative approaches proposed for the case study area in public debates, and in the appreciation of the relations between buildings and urban structure; in a second phase, in a research of experimental building types and forms able to combine compositional questions with design and technical aspects of the building.
The aim of the teaching is the elaboration of the design of a building facing the questions referring to the urban scale as to the detail scale, considering formal, technical, material and functional issues in their mutual relations.
Urban development projects involve the identification and comparison of different alternatives based on multiple objectives and criteria. The complexity of this kind of decisions calls for an evaluation framework able to integrate information on effects and impacts of the design alternatives under investigation, with values and preferences of stakeholders. Multicriteria analysis (MCA) offers such a framework and it is increasingly used in combination with several evaluation techniques. Given these premises, the goal of the course Multicriteria Analysis and Project Appraisal is to provide students with theoretical principles and methodologies for projects sustainability (economic, social and environmental) evaluation.
Flipped and blended actions
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the techniques and tools for architectural design;
- are capable of facing a critical approach to all necessary scales of an architectural design with advanced levels of specialisation and detail;
- are capable of facing a critical analysis of locations and contexts in the close relationship between building and city, technique and function of architecture;
- are capable of developing design solutions coherent with the location and context, even in highly complex urban environments
Specific Topics. Metropolitan Approach for RIO de Janeiro. Geographical tools & Green-Grey infrastructure project: Forest and city Pact Proposal. (A.Contin)
The course presents a metropolitan vision, aiming at the improvement of the Practice of the Metropolitan Discipline with new competencies of shaping and re-shaping the metropolis. It takes an interdisciplinary approach, integrating various disciplinary knowledge, transversal management skills, dealing with the metropolitan complexity and fragmentation. It also intends to bridge the gap between the theory and practice by specifying the metropolitan needs and gaps in the practice and define the intellectual tools to overcome them. In particular, we would like to explore the Metropolitan Forest issue. To do so we will introduce the concept of Botanical city introduced by Burle Marx, and innovated by Maria Villalobos Assistant Professor at Chicago IIT. Main Issues towards a Tropical Botanical (Ecological) City:
Biological, cultural, and programmatic connectivity across scales not only of space but also of time.
Moments of legibility and pedagogical intensity in the urban landscape/memory and restoration opportunities.
Biological and urban diversity/ homogeneous solutions are not sustainable.
Performative and adaptive management strategies/beyond autocracy.
Physical and programmatic flexibility to allow for transformative spontaneity/no need to control it all.
“The Tropical Latin-American city is ancestral, and it is alive, like the Andes, the volcanic belt, and the Amazon. There, knowledge is neither rational nor emotional. It is, if anything, a coalition of grounded cosmical actions”.
Questions of research
How the resilient articulation of the interface between the city and nature can promote the quality of dwelling of citizens and ensure the human well-being within the metropolis? How the Metropolitan Approach can support the conservation of local natural and cultural heritage? How to create new job opportunities for the local population? How to conserve the natural capital of landscape, fresh water and environment dealing with an urban agricultural settlements project? How to think of long-term strategies of strategically managing of urban and economic development, emphasizing spatial heterogeneity and scale, especially in the informal part of the city, considering variability, uncertainty and irreversibility as decisive factors in city dynamics, as complex landscapes (Naveh, 2007)?
Students will take part in lectures coordinated by several tutors and invited professors and will work on their design proposals related to the assigned site: Município de Nova Iguaçu. Researches as well as design proposals will engage several dimensional scales (Metropolitan- region, Urban- city, Local- from neighbourhood to building systems) and will relate to natural and urban landscapes and processes of urban metabolic change. Apply evidence-based approaches for assessing the compliance of the municipal land use plan with the ecosystem conservation and restoration model through new built form types based on ecosystem-based approach model.
Project site and specific topics
Nature/city pact is more than possible. It is necessary. Nova Iguaçu, as much as Rio, have great opportunities in its territory to use green infrastructure to enhance this balance, provide many essential ecologic services and improve life quality in the city. Specially, we are interested in the possibility of reducing disaster risk, mainly floods, within the city with multi-functional nature-based solutions for human security goals in the climate change scenarios. The Border of the Município de Nova Iguaçu is the Atlantic Forest. The idea is to let the forest entering into the Município de Nova Iguaçu ‘s city fabric so the proposal concerns the possibility of regenerating portions of the city of Nova Iguaçu through a project for a common or public space based on green armour. The area of the project is the side of the city bordering this forest. The Atlantic forest has its homeostasis, mechanisms of self-regulation, and to some extent the ability to recover a continually disturbed balance and continually put back into operation. That is the vision of the forest as a single living organism, with internal balance, and its life that adapts to conditions and can survives after some crises. Due to nature/city pact, is it possible that the wedges of green infrastructure penetrate the city acting as regulatory services for the health of the city? Is it possible to define a pact between metropolis and forest? Can the city growth within the forest? can the city protect the forest ecosystem so that the forest could help the city basic function to be sustainable? Could a forest be tamed so to become the backbone for a metropolitan green-grey armature able to host new land uses (i.e. common or public spaces)?
The specific aim of the course
Develop a project of metropolitan architecture that takes into account the value of each element, built or not, at different scales, and their interactions. The metropolitan architecture project is about one kilometre by one kilometre in size, and in this case, it involves a new centrality between the edge of the city and nature. It is in all respects a rural-urban linkage project, but in a tropical context that, unlike the European one, does not have agriculture as a buffer zone.
Expected specific learning outcomes
According to the Dublin Descriptors (DdD), passing the exam certifies the acquisition of the following results: DdD 1 knowledge and understanding: understanding advantages and limitations of metropolitan dimension in order to make students able to develop or apply theoretical principles to several real-world contexts or research fields. DdD 2 ability to apply knowledge and understanding: capability of selecting the more useful data to analyse the metropoltan contexts and applying the correct indicators according to different evaluation instances. DdD 3 (autonomy of judgment), 4 (communication skills) and 5 (learning ability): ability to discuss the results deriving from the application of the “metro-dology” and to present the results of the meta-project (DdD 3 and 4).
Specific Topics: Multicriteria Analysis and Project Appraisal (A. Pandolfi)
The expected learning outcomes include Understanding advantages and limitations of main project appraisal techniques; Understanding the key principles of MCA; Skills in using an MCA software; Gaining the first-hand experience by applying MCA to a design studio project. The teaching method is based on theoretical lectures, group discussions and hands-on exercises. Project work will be developed by students in order to apply MCA combined with other, both monetary and not, evaluation techniques to explore the role of evaluation for structuring complex decision problems and giving final recommendations. The course deals with issues relating to the role of Valuation of different kinds of projects, with specific reference to the sustainability topics and its fundamental parts. The subject will deal, then, with topics, like microeconomics, value basics, appraisal and sustainability fundamentals, Assessment standards, and Valuation methods. Some lectures will be supported by the description of case studies, with specific reference to the assessment of real estate appraisal. Referring to these issues, students will acquire specific skills through the description of techniques and models for the assessment of properties, projects and resources. In fact, the student will be enabled to apply the assessment principles for the urban-scale developments. In order to prove that students, after building the due knowledge base, can apply it through personal judgements, showing their communication and learning skills, lessons will be followed by a practical exercise, to be completed in groups and presented at the end of the course.
Innovative Course Innovative Teaching: Flipped and blended actions
Part of the course is dedicated to the topic of innovative tools for the Metropolitan Existing Situation Analysis (MESA). Metropolitan Cartography is a transdisciplinary mapping tool allowing us to simplify the metropolitan complexity with the vision of the project. The innovative course will provide basic knowledge in urban data, QGIS, remote sensing, and multicriteria decision analysis in a flip-course format for the technical advancement of students. In-class part of the session will provide discourse on how the technology can be utilized to describe a specific topic related to the project. It is an active participatory process so students will have a questionnaire before to be engaged in the class.
Knowledge of programs such as QGis or ArchGis is desirable for the Metropolitan Cartography analysis. However, the flip-course will be provided as part of the innovative course on the basic theoretical and practical notions of mapping.
Multicriteria Analysis and Project Appraisal (A.Pandolfi)
A basic knowledge of Mathematics, Statistics and Economics principles.
Modalità di valutazione
There are three midterm reviews (monthly) and one final review during the course. There are other exercise assignments related to innovative course and projects. Attendance in class is mandatory. During the final examination, there will be also a discussion about the outcome of the design and evaluation process.