The purpose of the Studio is to understand and know the phases necessary for the design of the existing building conservation project, the principles and best practices that are indispensable in the historical construction and essential for the graduation of architecture graduates. In addition to the creation of thematic maps concerning historical constructive techniques, forms of degradation or manifest or latent disruption with the study of the causes - for which the development of the survey is necessary - analyzes useful techniques for the diachronic reading of buildings, transferring the awareness of the role of the historical survey within the conservation process. Following the indispensable analysis phase to make informed and consistent choices, the student develops the artifacts conservation project by analyzing - among others - the requirements of efficacy, compatibility, durability, reversibility ... and sets the project for a possible new compatibility, considering the necessary adjustments to changing needs. Attention is also drawn to the drafting of the technical documents accompanying it, to the legislative framework within which it is built and to the connection between theoretical aspects and practical activity.
The purpose of the Laboratory is to make the student aware of the features and problems that the intervention on the built presents, in relation to its historical and cultural significance and at the same time as a resource for contemporary use. Therefore, besides ex cathedra lessons, he/she expects practical lessons on the concrete case studies to be "taught by doing" with the aim of implementing critical skills and operational tools that stimulate the care process to the built environment.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
According to the Dublin Descriptors (DdD), passing the exam certifies the acquisition of the following results:
DdD 2 ability to apply knowledge and understanding
- ability to analyze the constructive and material characteristics of the historical building, to recognize the construction techniques, the structural elements and their respective functions, the materials and their physical and mechanical characteristics, the possible state of structural deterioration, the behavioural characteristics in relation to climatic and microclimatic issues;
- ability to develop projects for the conservation, restoration, recovery, reuse of architectural artefacts and the ability to manage transformations over time.
DdD 3 (autonomy of judgment), 4 (communication skills) and 5 (learning ability)
- ability to operate and communicate independently the design choices made (DdD 3, 4 and 5).
The Course intends to provide, after a quick summary of the methodology for preservation of historic buildings, indications for a preservation and compatible reuse design for historic buildings.
Lectures will focus in the first part of the course while the second part will be entirely devoted to exercise (preservation and reuse project) and group revisions.
The architectural preservation studio is integrated with the “Advanced survey and representation techniques” course held by Prof. Andrea Adami. The module aims to make students aware of the main topics of architectural survey and representation, from the traditional to the most cutting-edge.
Groups will be formed by no more than 3 students.
The architectural preservation course wishes to teach the way of macroscopic survey about materials and decay problems (causes and effects) as well as structural problems. Furthermore, the main analysis and diagnostic for a scientific approach to preservation. Finally teach to how to solve problems with a minimum sustainable approach intervention.
A first phase of the work will be the study of the area, and of the building under studio that will be communicated by the teachers. A study visit could be organized.
Students will have to produce material cards, deterioration cards, and proposals for preservation interventions.
Subsequently, the exercise could involve a reuse project, starting from the masterplan scale (1:500) up to scale 1: 100 - 1:20 and any details according to teachers' requests.
In the “Advanced survey and representation techniques” course, the student will learn the basic principles to select the most appropriate survey method, to project the survey activities and to evaluate the outcomes of the digital documentation.
Passing the exam will attest to the acquisition ability to apply appropriate techniques and methodologies on historical buildings and landscape, operating at different scales with autonomy of judgment who demonstrating, during the milestones and the final exam, learning skills and communication skills.
Lectures will focus in the first part of the course while the second part will be entirely devoted to exercise (preservation and/or reuse project), group revisions and individual study.
Lectures of Architectural preservation will be on the preservation principles and on the methodology of work with examples that will provide, starting from the knowledge of the work area, to progressively in deep to the material and technologies characteristics, to the material and structures decay problems (causes and effects), to the preservation and reuse project.
During the first part of the “Advanced survey and representation techniques” course different methods of survey (from laser scanner to digital photogrammetry) and representation (traditional architectural drawings, orthophoto till 3D and BIM models) will be investigated by theorical lessons and practical exercises.
Knowledges about history of restoration/preservation, historical buildings materials and technologies are considered essential for the course.
Knowledge of architectural drawing and survey through the methods of trilateration and Cartesian coordinates are necessary to participate profitably in the course. We recommend the practice of any CAD (Computer Aided Drafting) software
Modalità di valutazione
Verification in progress
At the end of first period of lectures, teachers will provide verification test about the content of lectures and bibliography. This test will be evaluated and the evaluation, added with the one of the whole final work, will be considered as final mark. During the course will be organized general reviews (work progress status-milestones) about the progress of cards, of survey and modelling activities and of design exercises. Everything must be printed.
During the two milestones, groups must deliver the step of work requested and the teachers will evaluate the groups work. The average of the marks will constitute the final mark.
The marks within the group could be diversified according to the quality of work done by each of the components.
The final verification consists in delivering the final, complete and correct work of the sheets and the project.
In particular, the final verification will include:
-Evaluation of descriptive technical reports that will consist in the (group) assessment of the reports describing the project and the technical sheets prepared during the exercise;
-Evaluation of the graphic work elaborations that will consist in the (group) evaluation of the graphic-design activities developed in classroom and during the individual study;
-Oral exam, which will take place individually only for those who believe they want to improve the final grade. It will consists of theoretical questions, discussion of the topics of the lectures, on the bibliography of the course and on the learning of the topics, as well as questions aimed at highlighting the student's ability to develop links between the various topics of the course and with previous teachings.
For the oral exam, the increase or decrease (in the case of a negative result) cannot be more than 3 points compared to the judgment on the whole design process.
Full files (original working files and pdf files) of the final work must be delivered no less than 4 days before the exam and the printed copy must be delivered during the milestones and the final exam.
Also the order, the punctuality and the completeness of the final files that will must be send, will be object of judgment from the professors.
Below the main bibliographical references, others will be provided and shared on Google drive or Beep during the course as well as the lectures’ slides.
-Metric Survey Specifications for Cultural Heritage
-3D Laser Scanning
-Photogrammetric Applications for Cultural Heritage
-The Presentation of Historic Building Survey in CAD
-BIM for Heritage: Developing a Historic Building Information Model
-Traversing the Past: landscape survey
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese