Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
051524 - ARCHITECTURAL PRESERVATION STUDIO
The aim of the Studio is to provide students with operational and conceptual tools necessary to elaborate a preservation project, facing methodological and theoretical aspects in a multidisciplinary approach. The teaching will be conducted on the base of an in situ surveying exercise on the case study of which will be recognised its proper characters, its evolution, and identified the diagnosis of the degradation of structures and materials.
With particular care will be analysed the constructive features of the historical building, by recognising construction techniques, structural elements, materials and their physical and mechanical characteristics, behaviour to climatic and microclimate conditions, to highlight their peculiarities and vulnerabilities.
Following the analytical phase, that is retained unmissable to make conscious design decisions, the conservation design is developed, taking into account new forms of compatible use, with the necessary adjustments to mutated needs.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- gain knowledge and understanding of the principles, the techniques and tools governing operations for conservation and restoration of architectural heritage;
- gain knowledge and understanding of advanced representation and surveying techniques and tools;
- are capable of analysing the architectural features, construction techniques and materials of existing heritage;
- are capable of developing designs for architectural and urban conservation and restoration, with full awareness of the historical and technical issues;
- are capable of applying representation and surveying tools in close relation to the prefiguration of the conservation and restoration project;
The aim of the teaching is to provide students to any methodological instrument (cultural, theoretical and operating) they need to approach a global preservation project, starting from the reference cultural framework, to the analysis of the present state of preservation and characteristics of the building, building techniques and materials.
The first part of the teaching program provides methodological and theoretical background, starting from the question of origins, legitimacy and validity of the discipline of restoration. The theoretical framework of conservation is outlined through its historical conceptual development. Furthermore, lectures improve the students’ knowledge to apply in the survey and in the project to develop in the second part. The teaching describes the methods to collect information, to study in depth the building and the relationship between material characteristics, environment and decay and the following intervention strategies, including monitoring and maintenance. These methods range from historical-archive research to the direct analysis and survey of the building.
The direct and detailed inspection of the building characteristics outlines the present state of the building; the characteristic features of the construction techniques and structure; the stratification which has occurred through the several variations in building techniques and materials over time; the level of decay in both the surface materials and the eventual damage of the structure; and techniques of conservation. The teaching will involve the description of the materials and building techniques of the Architectural Heritage, including the affected pathologies, decay processes and the testing procedures.
The geometrical survey of historic building is a fundamental aspect in order to plan each type of restoration/conservation activity. For this reason the teaching presents innovative survey techniques that can serve as the basis for further analysis. In particular the following techniques will be presented:
Total Station survey; and
Laser scanning survey.
The second phase, which will be part of the student practice as well, includes:
geometrical and architectural survey;
study of the building evolution;
study of the building technology;
characterization of the materials and of their decay, including surface material and decay mapping;
evaluation of the building damage, including discontinuity and crack pattern survey;
investigation project and monitoring;
conservation project and reuse approaches and goals;
The on site practical work is an effective opportunity to compare the individual methodologies and instruments provided by the various disciplines.
This will involve not only the several direct surveys of the building but also the identification of the conservation and planning/design items emerged during the analysis e.g. in relation both to the use of space (in particular public use) and the norms and regulations that govern that use.
Modalità di valutazione
The teaching will include theoretical lectures, planning practices, preservation surveys, on site visits.
Students must attend all lessons, onsite visits and surveys.
The workshop activity will include a direct survey of a historic building proposed by the teachers and a planning activity. Geometrical, material and surface damage survey, historic evolution, study of the structure and of the building characteristics, environment relationships will be considered in the analysis. This information will be at the base of the planning/design activity developed by each group and submitted at the end of the semester.
The field work and the design activity are organised in small groups and will be backed up by seminars in which students will present their own material, underlining the personal questions and the reflections linked to the lecture themes, their own study of the class references. The work progress will be reviewed each week.
The final exam result merges both the evaluation of the quality of the survey, the graphical presentation, the design proposal developed in group, the midterm and the final tests. The students must demonstrate through the onsite work on a proposed historic building the capacity of applying the knowledge and understanding, with making judgements.
The mid term and final written tests will evaluate each student's knowledge and progress concerning the theoretical lesson topics. The final mark will be individual and will be based on the results of the following tests:
Analysis of the case study and of the surrounding (Delivery 1. approx end of March) - group
Research concerning meaningful preservation case-histories (Oral + written) (Delivery 2. approx mid April) - group
Geometrical survey (Delivery 3. approx late April) - group
Written test concerning references and teaching topics (approx beginning of May) - individual
Survey of the materials/damage/decay (Delivery 4. approx mid May) - group
Preliminary presentation of the design concept (Delivery 5. approx late May) - group
The final work to submit before the exam.
The final oral test will focus on the project developed in group and on the topics discussed during the classes and on the related bibliography. It will include the discussion on the theoretic background and on the survey and planning activities developed during the year in group. Each student must demonstrate the knowledge and understanding of all the class topics, showing the relationships between the several class lectures and the former teachings, as well. The oral test will evaluate the learning and communication skills of the student.
Given the practical nature of the Architectural Preservation Studio, each student will be evaluated even for his/her ability to operate in team with a positive attitude towards the outcome.
A. Saisi, Class notesbeepL. Binda, A.Saisi, C. Tiraboschi, Investigation procedures for the diagnosis of historic masonries/Construction and Building Materials, Editore: Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2000, Fascicolo: 14/4 Note:
Bernard Feilden, Conservation of historic buildings , Editore: Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 0750658630
L. Binda, A. Saisi, I.A.E. de Vent, R.P.J. van Hees, S. Naldini, Structural Damage in Masonry/Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Editore: Aedificatio Publishers, Anno edizione: 2010, ISSN: 1864-7251, Fascicolo: 16/ 2
Schumann, I. and others, Damage atlas : classification and analyses of damage patterns found in brick masonry, Editore: European Commission, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 3816747027
ICOMOS - Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns http://www.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdfG. Baronio, L. Binda, The durability of masonry in aggressive environments and techniques for conservation and protection, Editore: Caithness : Whittles, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 1870325583 Note:
in: Durability of materials and structures in building and civil engineering, editors Yu, C. W. and Bull, John W.
Jokilehto, Jukka, A History of Architectural Conservation, Editore: Butterwort/Heinemann, Anno edizione: 1999
la Torre, Marta, Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage: Research Report, Editore: The Getty Conservation Institute, Anno edizione: 2002 http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/assessing.pdfK. Kraus, Photogrammetry: Geometry from Images and Laser Scans, Editore: Walter de Gruyter
E.M. Mikhail, J. Bethel, J.C. McGlone, Introduction to Modern Photogrammetry, Editore: John Wiley & Sons
T. Luhmann, S. Robson, S. Kyle, I. Harley, Close Range Photogrammetry: Principles, Techniques and Applications, Editore: John Wiley & Sons
G. Vosselman, H-G- Maas editors, Airborne and terrestrial laser scanning, Editore: Whittles, Anno edizione: 2010
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese