Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
051524 - ARCHITECTURAL PRESERVATION STUDIO
The aim of the Studio is to provide students with operational and conceptual tools necessary to elaborate a preservation project, facing methodological and theoretical aspects in a multidisciplinary approach. The teaching will be conducted on the base of an in situ surveying exercise on the case study of which will be recognised its proper characters, its evolution, and identified the diagnosis of the degradation of structures and materials.
With particular care will be analysed the constructive features of the historical building, by recognising construction techniques, structural elements, materials and their physical and mechanical characteristics, behaviour to climatic and microclimate conditions, to highlight their peculiarities and vulnerabilities.
Following the analytical phase, that is retained unmissable to make conscious design decisions, the conservation design is developed, taking into account new forms of compatible use, with the necessary adjustments to mutated needs.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
- gain knowledge and understanding of the principles, the techniques and tools governing operations for conservation and restoration of architectural heritage;
- gain knowledge and understanding of advanced representation and surveying techniques and tools;
- are capable of analysing the architectural features, construction techniques and materials of existing heritage;
- are capable of developing designs for architectural and urban conservation and restoration, with full awareness of the historical and technical issues;
- are capable of applying representation and surveying tools in close relation to the prefiguration of the conservation and restoration project;
The Course intends to provide, after a quick summary of the methodology for preservation of historic buildings, indications for a preservation and compatible reuse design for historic buildings.
Lectures will focus in the first part of the course while the second part will be entirely devoted to exercise (preservation and reuse project), group revisions and individual study.
The architectural preservation studio is integrated with the “Survey and digital modelling” course held by Prof. Andrea Garzulino. The main objective is the knowledge, representation and interpretation of the historical buildings, through bidimensional drawings and three-dimensional models with a wide-ranging overview and in our specific case studies. The interaction between the photogrammetric survey, the three-dimensional modeling and the geometrical survey phase with the analysis of the materials, the study of the decays and the design processes will be crucial.
Groups will be constituted by no more than 3 students.
The architectural preservation course wish to teach the way of macroscopic survey about materials and decay problems (causes and effects) as well as structural problems. Furthermore the main analysis and diagnostic for a scientific approach to preservation. Finally teach to how to solve problems with a conservative, minimum and sustainable approach intervention.
A first phase of the work will be the study of the area, and of the building under studio that will be communicated by the teachers.
Students will have to produce material cards, deterioration cards, and proposals for preservation interventions.
Subsequently, the exercise could involves a reuse project, starting from the masterplan scale (1:500) up to scale 1: 100 - 1:20 and any details according to teachers' requests.
In the “Survey and digital modelling” course the attention will be focused on the use of the three-dimensional survey methodologies directly on case studies that will be communicated. The aim will be the production of two-dimensional geometric drawings and accurate three-dimensional models of the historical buildings in their actual state of conservation. These elaborations will be useful both for the analysis phase of the materials/decays and for the design activities.
Passing the exam will attest to the acquisition ability to apply appropriate techniques and methodologies on historical buildings and landscape, operating at different scales with autonomy of judgment who demonstrating, during the milestones and the final exam, learning skills and communication skills.
Lectures will be concentrated in the first part of the course while the second part will be entirely devoted to project (preservation and/or reuse project), group revisions and individual study.
Lectures of Architectural preservation will be on the preservation principles and on the methodology of work with examples that will provide, starting from the knowledge of the work area, to progressively in deep to materials and technologies characteristics, to the materials and structures decay problems (causes and effects), to the preservation and, possibly, reuse project.
During the first part of the “Survey and digital modelling” course the lessons will be focused on basic principles of photography for the architectural survey and on the main three-dimensional survey methodologies, such as laser scanning and image based three-dimensional photogrammetry (Structure from Motion techniques), in order to achieve the primary basis useful for the continuation of the woks.
Knowledges about history of restoration/preservation, historical buildings materials and technologies are considered essential for the course.
Knowledge relating the basic principles of geometric survey and superficial notions about photography would be preferable.
Modalità di valutazione
Verification in progress
At the end of first period of lectures, teachers will provide verification test about the content of lectures and bibliography. This test will be evaluated and the evaluation, added with the one of work, will be considered as final mark. During the course (second part) will be organized general reviews (work progress status-milestones) about the progress of cards, of survey and modelling activities and of design exercise. Everything must be printed.
During the two milestones, groups must deliver the step of work requested and the teachers will evaluate the groups work. The average of the marks will constitute the final mark.
The marks within the group could be diversified according to the quality of work done by each of the components.
The final verification consists in delivering and judgement of the final, complete and correct whole work.
In particular, the final verification will include:
-Evaluation of descriptive technical reports that will consist in the (group) assessment of the reports describing the project and the technical sheets prepared during the exercise;
-Evaluation of the graphic work elaborations that will consist in the (group) evaluation of the graphic-design activities developed in classroom and during the individual study;
- Oral exam, which will take place individually only for those who believe they want to improve the final grade. It will consists of theoretical questions, discussion of the topics of the lectures, on the bibliography of the course and on the learning of the topics, as well as questions aimed at highlighting the student's ability to develop links between the various topics of the course and with previous teachings.
For the oral exam, the increase or decrease (decrease in case of a negative result) cannot be more than 3 points compared to the judgment on the whole design process.
Full files (original working files and pdf files, inside folders named with the number of the group) of the final design exercise must be delivered no less than 4 days before the exam and the printed copy must be delivered during the last milestone.
Also the order, the punctuality and the completeness of the final files that will must be send, will be object of judgment from the professors.
Below the main bibliographical references, others will be provided and shared on Google drive or Beep during the course as well as the lectures’ slides.