Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MN (1086) ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND HISTORY - PROGETTAZIONE ARCHITETTONICA E STORIA
099632 - PLANNING IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT STUDIO
In the Architectural Design and History Program, the teaching is conceived as an opportunity for students to address complex planning problems dealing simultaneously with urban design and landscape architecture aspects of territorial transformations. The purpose of the design studio is to provide the students with cultural and scientific instruments that enable them to autonomously identify the different urban and landscape problems within which context they may identify the necessity of a physical project, or in other words the usefulness of architecture and its permanent characters, in the contemporary city.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The student acquires practical skills through the performance of laboratory activities.
After passing the exam, the student: understands the characteristics, needs and constraints of the design processes in a territorial area; is able to apply knowledge to specific problems of planning intervention in a urban historical context; is able to manage, with independent judgment, problems not strictly related to the issues addressed in the course of study, taking motivated decisions and communicating the results of their activities in a clear and convincing way.
The Planning in Historical Context Studio consists of a module of Urban Design (8 cfu, ICAR/21) and of a module of Landscape Architecture (4 cfu, ICAR/15). In both sections, the theme is that of urban and landscape design in urban environments and territories historically modified by man.
The students are encouraged to face real problems and difficulties connected to the policy demands emerging from critical spaces of the territory and to interact with significant stakeholders, focusing on issues of planning, urban design and landscape architecture. Students are asked to work on a common design topic, that they will develop in groups. The Studio will focus on the old city of Taranto, the so called ‘Città Vecchia’ or ‘Isola Madre’. This area was the old Greek acropolis of the city and it corresponded to the whole city of Taranto till the second half of the 19th century, when the growth of the city outside the walls was allowed. Today the area suffers of neglect and abandonment. In the past, 35,000 inhabitants lived in the ‘old town’ while today there are only ca. 2,500 inhabitants. Many abandoned buildings are walled up and partially collapsed; several streets are not accessible for safety reasons. In the old city there are also sites with high potential, such as the two waterfronts facing the Mar Grande and the Mar Piccolo, the Aragonese Castle, the ruins of the Greek temple, several noble palaces and a system of hypogeum spaces. An interesting network of associations is present too. The difficult situation of the old city, is intensified by the complex environmental and labor problems of Taranto, which are also related to presence of the ex-ILVA plant, which is quite close to the old town. The students will be asked to reflect about the possible actions for such a complex situation, which Horst Rittel and Melvin Webber would define as a ‘wicked problem’. The theoretical framework of reference will be the idea of ‘possibilism’ by Albert Hirshmann. Particularly, the students will define a strategic plan for the ‘città vecchia’, taking also into consideration its nearby areas, such as the Mar Grande, the Mar Piccolo, the military islands or the Tamburi neighborhood. The students will start working considering the results of the recent Call for Ideas “Open Taranto”, organized by Invitalia for the old town, and the different projects recently scheduled by the municipality for the city. Moreover, the students will be asked to consider the output of a study carried out by the PhD students of the PhD programme in Urban Planning, Design and Policy of Politecnico di Milano, particularly the work they developed during the Planning and Design Research Workshop 2019 on Taranto, coordinated by Professor A. Balducci, with Professors P. Pucci, G. Concilio, S. Sabatinelli.
Specific attention will be devoted to the features of this territory and to the on-going urban and territorial dynamics, in order to define new strategies to re-think the role of this important spatial resource and the ways of its possible sustainable and feasible development in connection with the territory.
The Studio will provide the students with tools and skills to face the complexity of urban transformations, focusing upon the integration between planning, urban design and landscape architecture in historical contexts. It is the place where the students have the occasion to apply the knowledge gained and developed within courses of urban planning, architecture and historical preservation.
No pre-requisites for this Studio.
Modalità di valutazione
The Studio is articulated into three main parts, corresponding to three intensive weeks of work. The final evaluation will be based on: the two mid-terms deliveries (group work); a conversation with teachers on the project (individual evaluation); the final exam (group work).
The first part of the Studio will include some activities “on the field” (interviews, site visits and guided tours aimed to let students to become familiar with the work-areas), some methodological contributions (about how to understand the territory, how to define the problem, how to identify alternatives, how to build up scenarios, how to design the implementation process, etc.). It is aimed at producing a report with interpretative maps of territory/ongoing policies and projects /actors and to define the main concept of the project (first delivery).
The second part will be dedicated to the design activity: teachers will assist students to develop their work project through weekly reviews, which will provide “tools” useful for the project but also clarifications about particular issues related to the project. This part is aimed at defining the strategic plan (second delivery).
The third part will be dedicated to the development of the project; the third delivery consists in the exam, where the students will present in groups both the results of the analysis and the development of the project.
Before the exam, the work of each student will be also partially evaluated according to singular conversation between the students and the teachers about the project
The Studio activities will also include a 4/5 days site visit and workshop in Taranto, in November. The participation to this workshop is highly recommended.
Balducci, A., Fedeli, V. and Curci, F. (eds), Post-Metropolitan Territories, Editore: Routledge, ISBN: 978-1-138-65048-0
Balducci, A., Fedeli, V. and Curci, F. (eds), Oltre la metropoli, L'urbanizzazione regionale in Italia, , Editore: Guerini, Anno edizione: 2017, ISBN: 978-88-6250-661-8
Balducci, A. and Mantysalo, R. (eds),, Urban Planning as a Trading Zone, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2013, ISBN: 978-94-007-5853-7
Bandarin, F. and Van Oers, R,, The Historic Urban Landscape, Editore: Blackwell, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 978-0-4706-5574-0
Brenner, N., Stato, spazio, urbanizzazione, Editore: Guerini, Anno edizione: 2916, ISBN: 9788881074044
Clément, Gilles, Manifesto del Terzo paesaggio, Editore: Quodlibet, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 9788874620487
Hirschman, A. O., Development projects observed, Editore: the Brookings Institution Press, Anno edizione: 2002, ISBN: 978-0815736516
Hölzer, C., Hundt, T., Lüke, C., Hamm, O., G., Riverscapes: designing urban embankments, Editore: Birkhäuser, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 978-3764388294
Leogrande A., Dalle macerie. Cronache sul fronte meridionale, Editore: Feltrinelli, Anno edizione: 2018, ISBN: 978-88-07-17343-1
Prominski, M., Stokman, A., Zeller, S., Stimberg, D., Voermanek H., River, space, design: planning strategies, methods and projects for urban rivers, Editore: Birkhauser, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 978-3035611861
Schon, D, The Reflective Practitioner, Editore: Basic Books, Anno edizione: 1983, ISBN: 0-465-06878-2
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese