097783 - DESIGN OF ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT BUILDING SYSTEM
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN
097783 - DESIGN OF ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT BUILDING SYSTEM
The optional courses allow the student to complete his/her own study program and to characterize his/her own training profile choosing, according to his/her own personal interests, the themes of deepening among a wide range of alternatives.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
According to the Dublin Descriptors (DdD), passing the exam certifies the acquisition of the following results:
DdD 1 (knowledge and understanding), 3 (autonomy of judgment), 4 (communication skills) and 5 (learning ability)
- ability to acquire, process independently and communicate knowledge not strictly related to the subjects characterizing the Master Program (DdD 1, 3, 4 and 5)
The course will introduce a kind of building systems - lightweight, temporary, minimal - that have been largely neglected by architectural history books, but that we believe the moment has come to re-evaluate since they possess characteristics which prove extremely interesting for our non-migratory but ever increasing transient lifestyle. Lightweight environments have the form of construction of necessity; they are usually made of materials easy to find and to handle, such as textiles and other thin raw materials, to create adaptable spaces, which can be easily disassembled and transported. In other words, lightweight constructions respond to the Vitruvian principles of firmness, commodity and delight, distancing themselves from the classical interpretation embodied by everlasting monumental architecture.
We ought state that the association of the adjective “lightweight” with architecture is relatively recent, starting from the “structural revolution of architecture” (René Sarger), when new materials able to be tensioned, such as steel ropes, cable nets and fabrics, appeared in the construction field. The subject of the course deals with a further meaning of the lightness, considering the “textile architecture” as the contemporary, more charismatic and performance promising expression of the whole lightweight architecture. In a rather provocative manner, we’ll name “ultra-lightweight architecture” to highlight that current technical textiles and other advanced composite materials - such as coated fabrics, fluor-polymer foils, woven and non-woven membranes, FRP poltruded profiles and so on - should be seen as proper building materials, like stone, bricks and wood, to create some outstanding architectural structures.
Since textile architecture has seen a period of great innovation both in technology and materials in the last fifty years, thus becoming more and more distant from the those primary and genuine forms of ephemeral enclosures, the course aims to take stock of the present situation and think over alternative solutions, which are more consistent with a new need of flexibility, with a new aesthetic concept and, last but not least, new obligatory environmental safeguards.
A final workshop activity and/or a number of week-assignments will be proposed, which aims: 1). To open a discussion on how to renovate textile architecture - its forms, structural concepts and production ways - restarting from the best examples of our past; 2). Reintroducing in the contemporary construction those weight and materials reduction criteria which belong to the best examples of temporary buildings; 3). Transferring the best practices in the production of advanced textiles/composites/non-woven/polymeric materials into the field of architecture.
During those class-room activies, students will be required: A) to deep the use of parametric software in order to assess alternatives from the very beginning of the design phase; B) improve the optical, thermal and acoustic performances of the ultra-lightweight building systems, C) and include the following items in their project.
Main contents: Main contents: Strength, Stiffness, Flexibility of ultra-lightweight building elements and their special relation between form, shape and structure | Life Cycle thinking and life cycle assessment | Minimization of material as a design strategy | The lightness and the challenge of energy efficiency | Permanent vs Temporary systems: the time as a key factor for a sustainable design | Computational tools for design and fabrication | Computational tools for managing the ultra-lightweight buildings’ performances since the early stage of design process | the shelter as a kit; the packaging as a reusable component of the shelter | case studies.
Beukers A., Van Hinte E., Lightness - the inevitable renaissance of minimum energy structures, Editore: 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 90-6450-560-8 Note: Fourth Revised Edition
Llorens J., Fabric Structures in Architecture, Editore: Woodhead Publishing, Anno edizione: 2015, ISBN: 9781782422334
Zanelli, A., Spinelli, L.M., Monticelli, C., Pedrali, P., Lightweight Landscape. Enhancing Design through Minimal Mass Structures, Editore: PoliMi SpringerBriefs, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 978-3-319-21664-5
Kronenburg R., Flexible. Architecture that responds to change, Editore: Laurence King Publishing, Anno edizione: 2007, ISBN: 9871856694612
Seidel Michael, Tensile Surface Structures. A Practical Guide to Cable and Membrane Construction, Editore: Ernst & Sohn Verlag f¼r Architektur und Technische, Berlin, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-3-433-02922-0
Silver P., McLean W., Introduction to Architectural Technology, Editore: Paperback, Anno edizione: 2013, ISBN: 978-1780672946 Note: obbligatorio per tutti gli studenti, sia italiani che stranieri Silver P., McLean W., Hardingham S., Veglio S., Fabrication: the Designers Guide, Editore: Elsevier Architectural Press, Anno edizione: 2006 Note: For foreign students Ashby M., Johnson K., Materials and Design, Editore: Butterworth-Heinemann, Anno edizione: 2014, ISBN: 9780080982052 Note: 3rd Edition
Modalità di valutazione
Ex cathedra lessons and a short design workshop are foreseen.
The students will be asked to present the result of their design work, with presentations, drawings or even they can freely decide to create a functioning prototype of their idea of ultra-lightweight building systems. Furthermore the oral exam will deal with at least 2 reference books which the student can freely choose, in relation to his/her specific design concept.
TEXTILEs’ HUB - the multidisciplinary laboratory of Textiles, composites and polymers (http://www.polimi.it/en/scientific-research/research-structures/interdepartmental-laboratories/textiles-hub-interdepartmental-textiles-and-polymers-research-laboratory/ ) will host every practical activity during the prototyping phase.
NOT ATTENDING STUDENTS: The Exercises and the assignments are not mandatory for not-attending students, otherwise they should try to do some homework and to delivery their straight at the oral exam. Not-attending students have to prepare a short paper (10 pages) dealing with a subject of the course and their oral exam will be focused on at least 4 books freely chosen from the bibligraphy list above mentioned. mNot- attending students are also allowed to customize their learning path, choosing for example an outstanding architect / researcher /engineer who had/has a significant link with the main topic of the course from the list below: i.e. 1. Frei Otto; 2. Richard Buckminister Fuller; 3. Jean Prouvé; 4. Jona Friedmann; 5. Bodo Rash; 6. Philippe Block; 7. Julian Lienhard;8. Mike Schlaich; 9. Eladio Dieste; 10. Solano Benitez and so on.Then, those students has to send an email with a list of books / papers who prefer to read, dealing with one of the 10 poeple above mentioned, looking for the agrement by the professors.
The books here proposed are listed starting from the most significant ones, focused on the course subject, to the more general ones, on the building systems technology and the product design disciplines.
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese